IBPS Clerk Mains English (Day-05)

Dear Aspirants, Our IBPS Guide team is providing a new series of English Language Questions for IBPS Clerk 2021 Mains so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis. These questions are framed by our skilled experts after understanding your needs thoroughly. Aspirants can practice these new series questions daily to familiarize with the exact exam pattern and make your preparation effective.

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Inference based

Direction: In each of the questions given below, a passage has been given which are either situational based or describes a scenario. Below each passage, a question has been given which is framed to make you to infer something out of it. Mark out the correct inference as your answer.

1) The tent seemed more spacious and the winter didn’t bite as much. After spending four days on the road in a cramped tempo with 14 others, ChhaganChaudhari, 60, extended his legs and wrapped himself with a thick blanket as he prepared to sleep on December 25 night in Shahjahanpur. An Adivasi farmer from the village of Pochada in Maharashtra’s Palghar district, Chaudhari had started his four-day road trip towards Delhi with a torn blanket, a worn-out sweater and an unshaken resolve. “We need a farmer-friendly government,” he said.

Which among the following can be inferred from the given passage?

A) The Dalit peasants are refusing to take part in the country wide protest that are largely being held by the Punjab and Haryana capitalist farmers

B) Government has introduced the new farm laws for the benefit of the farmers

C) The new farms laws are to be contested

D) The farmers protesting won’t budge until the government agrees to their demands

E) None of the above

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E

2) India’s Covid-19 caseload rose to 1,02,07,871 with 20,021 infections being reported in a day, while recoveries have surged to 97.82 lakh, according to Union Health Ministry data updated on Monday. The death toll increased to 1,47,901 with 279 new fatalities, the data updated at 8 am showed. The number of people who have recuperated from the disease surged to 97,82,669, pushing the national recovery rate to 95.83 per cent, while the COVID-19 case fatality rate stands at 1.45 per cent.

Which among the following can be said regarding the style of writing in the given passage above?

  1. Political
  2. Commentary
  3. Explanatory
  4. Excruciating
  5. None of the above

3) Lionel Messi counts himself “lucky” to have worked under Pep Guardiola at FC Barcelona between 2008-12 and says the Spaniard brings something special to coaching, comments that are likely to fuel speculation the pair could reunite at Manchester City. Messi was a mainstay of Guardiola’s Barca side that won 14 major titles and has been linked with a switch to City since the manager signed a new deal that will keep him at the Premier League club until the end of the 2022-23 season.

Which among the following can be said about the personality of Lionel Messi, the footballer?

  1. Generous
  2. Effervescent
  3. Resourceful
  4. Deferential
  5. None of the above

4) Taming Covid-19 crisis and other pressing economic issues would be a big challenge for the President-elect Joe Biden. Assuming that there are no more twists to the tale, Biden is all set to be sworn in on January 20. He will have no time to take things slowly, as there are several pressing matters at hand. He would have to deal with the Covid-19 crisis and the devastation at its wake. The economy is slowly recovering, but the nation could be forced to go into a lockdown if the number of cases rises rapidly. Then there is the matter of getting the Democratic Congress and the Republican Senate to see eye-to-eye and pass another stimulus package to help the citizens who need it the most. He would also have to convince the Senate to approve a hike in taxes, one of his election promises. Then there are longstanding issues that like investing in infrastructure, raising wages, addressing racial discrimination and reforming the health insurance system – all of these progressive policies have widespread support amongst the electorate.

Which among the following can best explain the likely road lying ahead for the US President-elect in the coming months?

  1. Tumultuous
  2. Complacent
  3. Excruciating
  4. Scandalous
  5. None of the above

5) South Korea is accelerating efforts to launch a coronavirus vaccination programme it announced the detection of its first cases of the virus variant originally identified in the UK. South Africa, meanwhile, reached the grim milestone of one million coronavirus cases on Monday. On Sunday, US President Donald Trump signed into law a $2.3-trillion pandemic aid and spending package, restoring unemployment benefits to millions of Americans and averting a federal government shutdown. Globally, more than 80.4 million people have been infected by the coronavirus, and 1.7 million have died.

Which among the following will correctly describe the world covid situation?

  1. Harrowing
  2. Befuddling
  3. Sanguine
  4. Unceremonious
  5. None of the above

Sentence correction

Direction: From the options given below, select the option which states the correct combination of incorrect/correct sentences.

6)

I) Tiana Andriamanana was alarmed when she saw the fires swallowing Madagascar forests in March

II) She’d grown used to seeing illegal burns for agricultural expansion, but such widespread blazes so early in the year were extremely unusual

III) The burning intensified in late March, after the nation’s coronavirus lockdown was announced

IV) People began fleeing its capital, Antananarivo, and other cities, boarding crowd vehicles bound for rural areas

  1. I and III are incorrect
  2. II and IV are incorrect
  3. I and IV are incorrect
  4. I, III and IV- all 3 are incorrect
  5. I, II, III and IV- all are correct

7)

I) Like clockwork, every year as the winter chill sets in, air pollution levels in India begin to climb—and with good reason

II) People burn wood, rubber tyres, dried leaves and other forms of biomass outdoors to keep warm; motor vehicles emit more smoke because engines are cold; electric heaters come into use causing power loads to go up; generators spew out diesel fumes—all such activities increase air-pollution levels

III) Moreover, light, warm air that circulates easily in other seasons remains low or decent in winter

IV) Cold air is heavy, causing pollution to remain suspended and trapped for a long time

  1. Only I and IV are correct
  2. Only I and II are correct
  3. Only II and III are correct
  4. Only II and IV are correct
  5. I, II, III and IV – all are correct

8)

I) Several Bar associations on Monday condemned Delhi police’s raid on the office of advocate Mahmood Pracha, who is representing victims of the February riot, and seizure of confidential client-attorney data

II) Such unheard-of police action is worse than crime(s) committed by any hardened criminal and will have a chilling effect on clients, said advocates’ bodies such as the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) and the Bar Association of India (BAI) and the regulatory Bar Council of India (BCI)

III) They cautioned that incidents like the December 24 raid erode the relationship of trust and confidentiality between lawyers and clients and underline the justice delivery system

IV) BCI chairperson Manan Kumar Mishra announced the council would convey a virtual meeting with all the state Bar councils within three to four days to decide a course of action

  1. I and III are incorrect
  2. II and IV are incorrect
  3. I, II and IV- all 3 are incorrect
  4. I, III and IV- all 3 are incorrect
  5. I, II, III and IV- all are correct

9)

I) The year 2020 will be remembered as a perfect storm of traumas

II) A global pandemic crashed on every shore; Politics rattled America

III) And a long-overdue racial reckoning began

IV) In the midst of this tumult, one name have emerged again and again- Frederick Douglass it seems, destined to inform both his time and ours

  1. Only I and III are correct
  2. I and IV are incorrect
  3. I, III and IV – all 3 are correct
  4. I, II and III – all 3 are correct
  5. I, II, III and IV – all are correct

10.

I) In India, one rarely comes across a therapist working at the intersection of caste and mental health

II) As far as we can tell, there is only one organisation-Blue Dawn, addressing this lacuna and mapping the limited resources. Such a severe gap in accessing healthcare is not only a symptom of a shortage of therapists but also indicative of a reality wherein the professionals charging Rs 1500-5000 for an hour turn a blind eye to caste-based structural oppression

III) The chances of a Dalit client being able to access therapists from similar caste background are slim due to various disparities

IV)  A 2015 study shows that marginalised castes remain far more susceptible to chronic illnesses, specifically mental health issues

  1. I and III are incorrect
  2. II and IV are incorrect
  3. I, II and IV- all are incorrect
  4. I, III and IV- all 3 are incorrect
  5. I, II, III and IV- all are correct

Answers :

Directions (1-5):

1) Answer: D

Inference A is incorrect as there is no such information given in the above passage.

Inference B is not correct as the given passage states that the government’s interests are not lying with the farmers.

Inference C does not provide adequate information and nonetheless it is not mentioned in the passage.

Inference D is a logical take since the Adivasi farmer, Chaudhuri has come to the protest site enduring lots of hardship with a torn blanket, a worn-out sweater and an unshaken resolve. Hence, it can be inferred upon that the farmers won’t budge until their demands are met.

Therefore, option D is the correct answer to this question.

2) Answer: C

The given paragraph is explaining a situation, in this case, the status of the covid-19 pandemic in the wake of the recent festive season. It is using facts and figures to support the points made in the paragraph.

Among the given options, ‘explanatory’ is the best choice to describe the writing style of the paragraph. The other options are not suitable to describe the style.

This makes option C the correct choice among the given options.

3) Answer: D

‘Generous’ is the quality of readiness to give more of something (usually money) than usually required. It is not relevant here. ‘Effervescent’ means vivacious and enthusiastic. Although Messi is known to be vivacious and enthusiastic, the given passage does not infer the same meaning here. Resourceful’ means having the ability to find quick and clever ways to overcome difficulties. Again, not an appropriate description in this context. ‘Deferential’ means humble or respectful. It is a good way to describe Lionel Messi’s personality as is pointed out by his behaviour towards Pep Guardiolafollowing the information given in the paragraph.

Therefore, option D is the correct answer to this question.

4) Answer: C

It is very obvious from the given paragraph that combination of multiple factors like the COVID-19-situation, the economic ruin, the job of convincing the senate to increase taxes,will make the job of the President-electJoe Biden very exhaustive and painful in the upcoming days. Among the given options, the one which is best fitting in describing his situation is ‘excruciating’ or agonizing.

Therefore, option C is the correct answer to this question.

5) Answer: A

Reading the passage, one gets the feeling that the current situation will be the everlasting situation, that the world covid situation will not improve and the “new normal” would be a perpetual thing. So, among the given options, the adjective ‘harrowing’ which mean acutely distressing will the correct answer.

Therefore, option A is the correct answer to this question.

Directions (6-10):

6) Answer: C

Statement I is incorrect due to the usage of the word ‘Madagascar’. The correct usage is ‘Madagascar’s’ as the sentence seeks to denote the forests of Madagascar.

Statement II is both grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Statement III is both grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Statement IV is incorrect due to the usage of the word ‘crowd’ (noun). The correct word to use here is ‘crowded’ i.e., its adjective form.

Therefore, option C is the correct answer to this question.

7) Answer: B

Statement I is both grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Statement II is both grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Statement III is incorrect due to the use of the word ‘decent’. Decent in the passage does not make sense as the sentence seeks to convey ‘warm air that circulates easily in other seasons’ remains low or ‘absent’ in the winter season. Hence the word to be used here is ‘absent’.

Statement IV is incorrect due to the use of the word ‘pollution’. Pollution is wrongly used here as pollution refers to the presence of pollutants in air. The correct word to be used in this context is ‘pollutants’ i.e., the substances that causes pollution.

Therefore, option B is the correct answer to this question.

8) Answer: D

Statement I is incorrect due to the usage of the phrase ‘February riot’. The correct usage is ‘February riots’ as there were more than one riot that took place in February.

Statement II is both grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Statement III is incorrect due to the use of the phrase ‘underline the justice delivery system’. Underline means an underscore or to emphasize onto something and is wrong in the given context. The correct usage is ‘undermine the justice delivery system’, i.e., to compromise or to weaken the justice delivery system.

Statement IV is incorrect due to the usage of the phrase ‘would convey a virtual meeting’. Here the usage does not hold any meaning and is irrelevant as covey means to transfer or to pass something. The correct usage would be to use the word ‘convene’ which means to summon or to call for.

Therefore, option D is the correct answer to this question.

9) Answer: D

Statements I, II and III are all correct both grammatically as well as contextually.

Statement IV is incorrect due to the use of the phrase ‘have emerged’. The correct usage is ‘has emerged’ as the subject (one name) is singular.

Therefore, option D is the correct answer to this question.

10) Answer: E

Statements I, II, III and IV are all correct both grammatically and contextually.

Therefore, option E is the correct answer to this question.

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