IBPS Clerk Mains English (Day-08)

Dear Aspirants, Our IBPS Guide team is providing a new series of English Language Questions for IBPS Clerk 2021 Mains so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis. These questions are framed by our skilled experts after understanding your needs thoroughly. Aspirants can practice these new series questions daily to familiarize with the exact exam pattern and make your preparation effective.

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Paragraph fillers

Directions (1-5): In each of the following questions a short passage is given with one of the lines in the passage missing and represented by a blank. Select the best out of the five answer choices given, to make the passage complete and coherent (coherent means logically complete and sound).

1) The state government hopes that the remaining rice will also be taken later. But the worrying thing is that the central government has made a condition that the state government will not give any kind of bonus with the purchase of crops right now or in future. …………………………The BJP leaders of the state have complained to the Centre that the Congress government is giving bonus to the farmers. Whereas the truth is that after the central government’s condition of not giving bonus, the state started the Rajiv Gandhi KisanNyayYojana and announced to give it per acre instead of crop.

A.  Actually, the Centre has objections with the state government’s ‘Rajiv Gandhi KisanNyayYojana’.

B.Whereas, the truth is that after the state government’s condition of giving the bonus to the farmers, the state started the Rajiv Gandhi KisanNyayYojana

C.The state government fears that the central government will ask the state to discontinue Rajiv Gandhi KisanNyayYojana.

D.The Centre on Sunday allowed the Chhattisgarh government to deliver 24 lakh metric tonnes (MT) of rice to the Food Corporation of India (FCI) under central pool

E.Chief ministerBhupeshBaghel thanked the Centre and also hoped that the permission for more procurement would be granted further in the central pool.

2) India has formally approved the emergency use of two vaccines against the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) as it prepares for one of the world’s biggest drives and plans to inoculate some 300 million people on a priority list this year. ……………………………………………………. and Oxford University and the other by local company Bharat Biotech. Prime Minister Narendra Modi called it “a decisive turning point”.

A. Serum Institute of India (SII) is producing the vaccine Covishield developed by Oxford University and pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca.

B.Bharat Biotech has developed a whole virion inactivated Covaxin in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and National Institute of Virology (Pune).

C.Drugs Controller General of India VG Somani gave the green light for the emergency-use of two coronavirus vaccines, one developed by AstraZeneca

D.The Subject Expert Committee has reviewed the data on safety and immunogenicity of the vaccine

E.The clinical trial ongoing within the country by the firm will continue,” Somani said on Sunday.

3) An active western disturbance is lying as a middle and upper level cyclonic circulation over central Pakistan with its induced cyclonic circulation over southwest Rajasthan. A north-south zone of wind confluence is also observed from north Punjab to northeast Arabian Sea, with a strong interaction between southwesterly winds and lower level moist south easterlies…………… ……………………………………………………….. in northwest India till the night of January 5 with peak activity on January 3 and 4 over the plains (Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh and Delhi, West Uttar Pradesh and north Rajasthan ).

  1. Northerly-northwesterly winds likely to set in over northwest India causing “cold” wave to “severe cold” wave conditions
  2. When there is an induced cyclonic circulation in association with a western disturbance, the system is very intense.
  3. Moisture is feeding in from the Arabian Sea, so we are seeing widespread snowfall in the hills and intense thundershowers in the plains.
  4. Once the western disturbance moves away, minimum temperatures are likely to fall again to 4 to 5 degrees Celsius
  5. All these favourable meteorological features for rain are likely to persist and continue to cause moderate to intense rain with thunderstorm, lightning and hailstorm at isolated places

4) The Congress, after its setback in the recent Bihar assembly elections, is planning a massive outreach to win back women voters in upcoming state polls, party functionaries familiar with the plan said. ……………………………………………………………… to secure the support of female voters. Elections are to be held in the states and Puducherry, a Union territory, before May.

  1. Five booth level workers will be appointed who will be responsible for translating the party’s larger narrative for women empowerment at the ground level,
  2. The party is planning to appoint five women workers for every polling booth, at least across Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Assam, Kerala and Puducherry
  3. The push comes two days after the Mahila Congress’s national executive met to discuss and brainstorm ideas to win the support
  4. A report will be submitted on Friday to senior party leaders, including Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, capturing the salient points of the discussion
  5. All state party presidents have been asked to offer their suggestions,” a party functionary said on condition of anonymity.

5) Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath on Sunday said entrepreneurs were now more than willing to come to Uttar Pradesh and invest because of the atmosphere of security and confidence in the state. …………………………………………………………….. in Gorakhpur. Speaking at the programme, he said the state, the system and the resources were the same as earlier, but, after a change of government in 2017, a positive atmosphere was visible.

  1. Since 2017, the perception of people has changed due to the developmental activities taking place.
  2. Entrepreneurs, businessmen and film-makers who came to meet me have expressed their desire to invest in UP.
  3. The chief minister was speaking at a programme where he inaugurated and laid the foundation stone of projects worth more than Rs 580 crore
  4. Those who used to say during the Ram temple movement that Lord Ram was imaginary are now saying that Ram belongs to everyone
  5. About development in eastern Uttar Pradesh, once dubbed backward

Phrase replacement

Directions (6-10): In each of the questions given below a part of the sentence is given in bold. It is then followed by three options. Find the alternative that can replace the given bold part to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct. If none of the alternatives is correct and the sentence is correct as it is then select option (E) as your choice.

6) Nearly 70% parents who responded to a nationwide survey said they prefer schools in their respective states to reopen only post April in light of Covid-19 and the resultant lockdown.

I) Respective states will reopen

II) Respective states should reopen

III) Respective states to be reopen

  1. Both II and III
  2. Both I and III
  3. Both I and II
  4. Only III
  5. No Correction Required

7)  Parents had been also askedabout, whether they would consider giving he Covid-19 vaccine to their child after it is rolled out for school children.

I) Parents have also asked

II) Parents were also asked

III) Parents were also being asked

  1. Both I and II
  2. Only II
  3. Only III
  4. Both I and III
  5. No Correction Required

8)  The 10 members of the module flew out of the country in a plane arranged by the Chinese government.

I) Module flew out of

II) Module were flown out of

III) Module had been flown out

  1. Both I and II
  2. Both II and III
  3. Both I and III
  4. Only II
  5. No Correction Required

9) A number of them (Chinese National)were arrested on suspicion of being involved in kidnapping and assassination…,

I) Have been arrested on suspicion

II) Had been arrested on suspicion

III) Were arrested on suspicion

  1. Both I and III
  2. Both II and III
  3. Both I and II
  4. Only III
  5. No Correction Required

10) Ant Group was also under heavy scrutiny by the Chinese government after Jack Ma’s speech that criticised the regulation system of the country and called the banks “pawnshops”.

I) Whose criticism in the regulation system

II) Who hadcriticised the regulation system

III) Whose critics in the regulation system

  1. Both I and II
  2. Both II and III
  3. Both I and III
  4. Only III
  5. No Correction Required

Answers:

Directions (1-5):

1) Answer: A

The paragraph starts while quoting that `The state government hopes that the remaining rice will also be taken later’. The sentence further states how the ` the state government will not give any kind of bonus with the purchase of crops right now or in future’. Out of the choices available, the sentence A clearly fits the blank most appropriately and the usage of the statement ` Congress government is giving bonus to the farmers’ and the phrase `Rajiv Gandhi KisanNyayYojana’confirms the same.
Therefore, option A is the correct answer choice to this question.

2) Answer: C

Out of all the sentences option C fits the blank most appropriately as it takes the discussion started in the paragraph further in the most logical manner.Moreover, usage of the phrase ‘formally approved the emergency use of two vaccines against the corona virus’before the phrase `local company Bharat Biotech’ indicates that the sentence covered after the blankand the reference of  `decisive turning point’at the very end of the sentence validates it.

Therefore, option C is the correct answer choice to this question.

3) Answer: E

If we read the sentences carefully, we can observe the presence of a phrase `An active western disturbance is lying as a middle and upper level cyclonic circulation’ the reason for `north-south zone of wind confluence’ is present before the blank. Moreover, presence of the phrase `favourable meteorological features for rain’ related with the blank, in option E for the first time in the succeeding paragraph confirms this sentence to be fitting the blank most appropriately.

Therefore, option E is the correct answer choice to this question.

4) Answer: B

As it is clearly seen that the sentence preceding the blank ` party functionaries familiar with the plan said’shows concern regarding the ` planning to appoint five women workers’as option B and a clear presence of the phrase` to secure the support of female voters.’Immediately after the blank, the only sentence that fits the blank coherently is option B.It aligns to the idea introduced in the first sentence and connects well to the sentences that follow.

Therefore, option B is the correct answer choice to this question.

5) Answer: C

If we read the given paragraph carefully we can observe that ` Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath on Sunday said entrepreneurs’ Therefore, usage of option A for the blank would just become redundant in the context.Out of the rest of the options, option C that confirms `where he inaugurated and laid the foundation stone of projects’ and authenticated by the `worth more than 580 crores’fits the blank most appropriately.

Therefore, option C is the correct answer choice to this question.

Directions (6-10):

6) Answer: E

The sentence is correct in the present form and no correction is required to be carried out in the sentence.

Therefore, option E is the correct answer choice to this question.

7) Answer: B

There is the error in the subject-verb agreement here because the subject here is in plural form whereas the corresponding verb has been used in an auxillarysingular form i.e. `had been also asked’. The subject ­parents is in plural form and is to be followed by anauxillary verb in plural form only. Therefore it should have been `were also asked’. 

The correct sentence would have been:
Parents were also asked about, whether they would consider giving he Covid-19 vaccine to their child after it is rolled out for school children.

Therefore, option B is the correct answer choice to this question.

8) Answer: D

According to the context of the sentence it is regarding the fact that `10 members of the module flew out of the country ‘. The correct intransitive verb used for that purpose is ` were flown’ in plural form, adjective, decorated with colors that have been fluidly blended: `flown ceramic ware’.Therefore it should have been `were flown out of `

The correct sentence would be:
The 10 members of the module were flown out of the country in a plane arranged by the Chinese government.

Therefore, option D is the correct answer choice to this question.

9) Answer: C

Here the context is that `A number of them (Chinese national) were arrested on suspicion……’subject in plural form,followed by `being involved’ verb. Involvement, `noun’, is the act of participating in something. Verb, The police arrested (transitive verb with inflections) him on drug charges.  Both I and II will be correct in this context if placed instead of the bold phrase in the given sentence.
The correct sentence would be:
A number of them (Chinese National)have/had been arrested on suspicion of being involved in kidnapping and assassination…,

Therefore, option C is the correct answer choice to this question.

10) Answer: E

There is no error in the highlighted part of the given sentence and therefore no replacement is required here.

Therefore, option E is the correct answer choice to this question.

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