IBPS Clerk Mains English (Day-09)

Dear Aspirants, Our IBPS Guide team is providing a new series of English Language Questions for IBPS Clerk 2021 Mains so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis. These questions are framed by our skilled experts after understanding your needs thoroughly. Aspirants can practice these new series questions daily to familiarize with the exact exam pattern and make your preparation effective.

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Directions (1-5): In each of the questions given below, a set of sentences is given, which when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Arrange the sentences in the correct sequence and answer the questions that follow.

I) Several reasons were cited.

II) By committing to higher headline fiscal deficit targets and a much more gradual path to fiscal consolidation than had been expected, and announcing several multi-year spending programmes, the government has clearly signalled that it was the last of the above reasons that held it back.

III) A fear of rating agencies, the risk of putting pressure on the currency, and an apprehension that the impact of fiscal spending on growth would be low while activity restrictions were in place.

IV) For most of the last nine months, the central government has been near universally criticised for exercising excessive caution in fiscal spending.

V) This year, even that complexity has been done away with.

VI) This was an opportune year to do so, as financial markets globally are primed for governments reporting large fiscal deficits.

1) Which among the following is the FIRST sentence after rearranging?

  1. I
  2. II
  3. III
  4. IV
  5. V

2) Which from the following is the SECOND sentence after rearranging?

  1. I
  2. III
  3. IV
  4. V
  5. VI

3) Which from the following is the FIFTH sentence after rearranging?

  1. II
  2. III
  3. IV
  4. V
  5. None of the above

4) Which from the following is the SIXTH sentence after rearranging?

  1. I
  2. III
  3. IV
  4. V
  5. VI

5) Which from the following is the THIRD sentence after rearranging?

  1. I
  2. III
  3. IV
  4. VI
  5. None of the above

Direction (6-10): In each of the questions given below, a passage has been given which are either situational based or describes a scenario. Below each passage, a question has been given which is framed to make you to infer something out of it. Mark out the correct inference as your answer.

6) The government’s tax revenue assumptions suffer from this conservatism. Surprisingly, in the revised estimates for FY21, the implied tax collection growth in the last three months is lower than the growth seen in the first nine months. This is when, after a bleak first half of the fiscal year, the last few months have seen a surge in tax collection, as seen most recently with the January GST numbers.

Which from the following can be inferred from the passage?

  1. The country’s economy is lamentable
  2. The action of the government is egregious related to country’s economic health.
  3. The escalation of tax collection in last quarter ameliorated for FY21.
  4. The first three quarters of FY21 saw commodious tax collection
  5. None of the above

7) Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman needs to be complimented for bringing about transparency in the Union Budget, at least in the part on the agri-food sector. Year after year, a substantial part of the food subsidy was being put under the carpet by increasing the Food Corporation of India’s (FCI) borrowings — these had crossed Rs 3 lakh crore. No one believed that the budgeted figure of Rs 1, 15,570 crore in the 2020-21 financial year reflected the true picture of this subsidy.

Which from the following can be inferred about the Budget?

  1. Recondite
  2. Esoteric
  3. Arcane
  4. Clandestine
  5. Discernible

8) With respect to food subsidy, the FCI’s economic cost of rice is Rs 37/kg and of wheat about Rs 27/kg. This economic cost is roughly 40 per cent higher than the procurement price. Why not give the public distribution system’s beneficiaries the choice of direct cash transfers to the tune of procurement price plus 25 per cent?

Which from the following can be inferred as the tone of the passage?

  1. Vitriolic
  2. Belligerent
  3. Grandiose
  4. Introspective
  5. Euphemistic

9) In the case of the fertiliser subsidy again, massive subsidisation of urea, to the tune of almost 70 per cent of its cost, is leading to its sub-optimal usage. It is time to move towards direct cash transfers to farmers based on a per hectare basis and free up prices of fertilisers. This will help reduce leakages and imbalance in NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) usage and lead to efficiency, equity and environmental sustainability.

Which from the following can be inferred as the tone of the passage?

  1. Cynical
  2. Dogmatic
  3. Disparaging
  4. Humanistic
  5. Technical

10) “A 360-degree approach for communicating the right and clear message on the NPR has been planned to be followed. All kinds of media, i.e. social media, AV, Digital, Outdoor, print, and word of mouth publicity tools are part of the planned media strategy. Right kind of messaging will be done to tackle the miscommunication and rumors around NPR and Census 2021. However, in view of the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, Phase I of Census 2021 and updation of NPR and other related field activities have been postponed until further orders,” the government has said in the report.

Which from the following can be inferred about the passage?

  1. The government is indolent in matters of NPR.
  2. Covid 19 pandemic has poised combination
  3. Government wishes to obliterate misconception related to Covid 19.
  4. The news related to NPR is respited.
  5. None of the above

Answers :

1) Answer: D

If we carefully read the sentences we find, sentence IV as an introductory sentence as it tries to highlight a fact. With that context we assume the paragraph might explain the reason and might show up counter measures, to which we find sentence I, as the next sentence since, it continue with sentence I in citing reasons. Rightfully, followed by sentence III, elaborating the reasons. Sentence II is the next statement as it starts to begin the counter measures and then followed by sentence V and VI respectively supporting sentence II.

The correct sequence is IV-I-III-II-V-VI.

In this above context Sentence IV is correct answer.

Therefore, option D is the correct answer.

2) Answer: A

If we carefully read the sentences we find, sentence IV as an introductory sentence as it tries to highlight a fact. With that context we assume the paragraph might explain the reason and might show up counter measures, to which we find sentence I, as the next sentence since, it continue with sentence I in citing reasons. Rightfully, followed by sentence III, elaborating the reasons. Sentence II is the next statement as it starts to begin the counter measures and then followed by sentence V and VI respectively supporting sentence II.

The correct sequence is IV-I-III-II-V-VI.

In this above context Sentence I is correct answer.

Therefore, option A is the correct answer.

3) Answer: D

If we carefully read the sentences we find, sentence IV as an introductory sentence as it tries to highlight a fact. With that context we assume the paragraph might explain the reason and might show up counter measures, to which we find sentence I, as the next sentence since, it continue with sentence I in citing reasons. Rightfully, followed by sentence III, elaborating the reasons. Sentence II is the next statement as it starts to begin the counter measures and then followed by sentence V and VI respectively supporting sentence II.

The correct sequence is IV-I-III-II-V-VI.

In this above context Sentence V is correct answer.

Therefore, option D is the correct answer.

4) Answer: E

If we carefully read the sentences we find, sentence IV as an introductory sentence as it tries to highlight a fact. With that context we assume the paragraph might explain the reason and might show up counter measures, to which we find sentence I, as the next sentence since, it continue with sentence I in citing reasons. Rightfully, followed by sentence III, elaborating the reasons. Sentence II is the next statement as it starts to begin the counter measures and then followed by sentence V and VI respectively supporting sentence II.

The correct sequence is IV-I-III-II-V-VI.

In this above context Sentence VI is correct answer.

Therefore, option E is the correct answer.

5) Answer: B

If we carefully read the sentences we find, sentence IV as an introductory sentence as it tries to highlight a fact. With that context we assume the paragraph might explain the reason and might show up counter measures, to which we find sentence I, as the next sentence since, it continue with sentence I in citing reasons. Rightfully, followed by sentence III, elaborating the reasons. Sentence II is the next statement as it starts to begin the counter measures and then followed by sentence V and VI respectively supporting sentence II.

The correct sequence is IV-I-III-II-V-VI.

In this above context Sentence III is correct answer.

Therefore, option B is the correct answer.

Directions (6-10) :

6) Answer: C

Option C means to say, that the collection of tax, which was in bad phase had improved in last quarter, whichstarts from January.

This is the only option that relates to the context.

Therefore, option C is the correct answer.

7) Answer: E

Let us understand the meaning of the following options:

A: (of a subject or knowledge) little known; abstruse.

B: understood only by a small group of people

C: understood by few; mysterious or secret.

D: kept secret or done secretively, especially because illicit.

E: easily perceivable

Only option E relates to the mentioned passage.

Therefore, option E is the correct answer.

8) Answer: E

Let’s understand each option’s meaning

A: filled with bitter criticism or malice.

B: hostile and aggressive.

C: impressive and imposing in appearance or style, especially pretentiously so.

D: characterized by or given to introspection.

E: a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.

Since, the writers questions about a decision made by the government, it appears he/she is objecting the idea of government yet in a mild tone.

Therefore, option E is the correct answer

9) Answer: D

A passage tone is said to be in ‘humanistic’ if it highlights certain idea for betterment if society. Since, in this passage the writer highlights efficient usage of NPK for environmental sustainability.

Therefore, option D is the correct answer.

10) Answer: D

The word ‘respite’ refers postpones (a sentence, obligation, etc.).

This matches with the context of the sentence.

Therefore, option D is the correct answer.

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