IBPS Clerk Prelims English (Day-04)

Dear Aspirants, Our IBPS Guide team is providing a new series of English Language Questions for IBPS Clerk 2020 Prelims so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis. These questions are framed by our skilled experts after understanding your needs thoroughly. Aspirants can practice these new series questions daily to familiarize with the exact exam pattern and make your preparation effective.

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Sentence connection

Direction (1-5): There are sets of four statements in question given below which, when connected using the correct sentence structure forms a complete single sentence without altering the meaning of the sentences given in the question. There are four options given below the question, choose the sentence that forms the correct formation of single sentence which is both grammatically correct and contextually meaningful. If none follows, choose (e) as your answer.

1) “All large firms should be incentivized to clear their receivables quickly, as the various payment moratoria come to an end, a number of entities will be unable to repay, instead of reacting in a piece-meal way, the government should have a well-thought-out plan to deal with the coming financial distress,” he said,

  1. adding that a variety of structures should be in place to help debtors and claimants such as landlords and banks reach agreements to restructure obligations, including having unpayable amounts written off.
  2. but they need to be frightened out of their complacency and into meaningful activity;if there is a silver lining in the awful GDP numbers, hopefully it is that.
  3. in addition, small firms below a certain size could be rebated the corporate income and GST tax they paid last year, with the rebate tapering off with firm size.
  4. In addition to borrowing, the government should prepare public sector firm shares for on-tap sale, to take advantage of every period of market buoyancy.
  5. None of these

2) “We may note that some key sectors like agriculture and related sectors, public administration, defence services and other services may perform normally or better than normal given the demand for health services,”; the paper also pointed out that goods and services categorised as essential goods and services in other sectors,

  1. given the current geopolitical situation, the government at the Central and State levels have become more active in attracting investment from abroad, the paper said adding that the reforms in the corporate tax rates in 2019-20 will also facilitate the relocation of various production platforms to India.
  2. although many national and international agencies have projected a sharp contraction in the GDP in 2020-21, ranging from World Bank’s projection of 3.2% to SBI’s 6.8%, there are reasons to believe that the outcome may be better than these strong contractionary prospects.
  3. technically called ‘permitted goods and services’ together with agriculture and public administration defence and other services may have a weight in the range of 40-50% of total output.
  4. monetisation of deficit happens when the RBI directly buys government securities from the primary market and in turn prints more money thereby helping it to bridge the fiscal deficit.
  5. None of these

3) With COVID-19 and trade tensions between China and the United States threatening supply chains or actually causing bottlenecks, Japan has mooted the Supply Chain Resilience Initiative (SCRI) as a trilateral approach to trade,

  1. that disrupt supplies from a particular country or even intentional halts to trade, could adversely impact economic activity in the destination country.
  2. with India and Australia as the other two partners; the initiative is at the strategy stage and has some way to go before participants can realise trade benefits.
  3. in the context of international trade, supply chain resilience is an approach that helps a country to ensure that it has diversified its supply risk across a clutch of supplying nations instead of being dependent on just one or a few.
  4. whether natural, such as volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, earthquakes or even a pandemic; or manmade, such as an armed conflict in a region.
  5. None of these

4) While India appears an attractive option for potential investors both as a market and as a manufacturing base, trade experts point to the need for India to accelerate progress in ease of doing business and in skill building,

  1. over time, if India enhances self-reliance or works with exporting nations other than China, it could build resilience into the economy’s supply networks.
  2. Chinese supplies dominate segments of the Indian economy that have been impacted by supply chain issues arising out of the pandemic include pharmaceuticals, automotive parts, electronics, shipping, chemicals and textiles.
  3. following the border tensions between the two highly populous Asian neighbours, partners such as Japan have sensed that India may be ready for dialogue on alternative supply chains.
  4. tax incentives, as the one recently announced to compete with the likes of Vietnam and the Philippines for investments in manufacturing, alone may not suffice.
  5. None of these

5) The pitch made at the U.S.-India Strategic Partnership Forum comes in the backdrop of the government’s keenness to use the disruptions the COVID-19 pandemic has caused to the cross-border movement

  1. of goods as an opportunity to lure potential investors, especially those looking to relocate from China, to India.
  2. as an escalating border feud casts a shadow over India’s economic and trade ties with its northern neighbour.
  3. over the decades, it has been established that global FDI investors prioritise and are even willing to pay a premium for policy stability and largely barrier-free access to local and international markets.
  4. will require the government to convince investors that it is committed not merely in words but in deeds as well to an open, barrier-free global trade and investment order.
  5. None of these.

Error spotting

Direction (6-10): In the following sentence, one part of the sentence has an error. Find out that particular part and select the appropriate option. If there is no error in the sentence, choose E as your answer.

6) Separately, from the market access perspective,(A)/ India’s decision to not join the RCEP multilateral trade pact(B)/ would put investor companies seeking to tap consumers (C)/ on RCEP member countries at a tariff disadvantage (D)/ No error (E).

  1. Separately, from the market access perspective,
  2. India’s decision to not join the RCEP multilateral trade pact
  3. would put investor companies seeking to tap consumers
  4. on RCEP member countries at a tariff disadvantage
  5. No error

7) The reasoning appears to be (A)/ if even a few multinational enterprises can be drawn to set up manufacturing bases (B), either by shifting facilities or as new additional plants,(C)/ then not only does the Indian economy stand to gain FDI, new jobs and tax revenue but it also makes a statement (D)/ No error (E).

  1. The reasoning appears to be
  2. if even a few multinational enterprises can be drawn to set up manufacturing bases
  3. either by shifting facilities or as new additional plants
  4. then not only does the Indian economy stand to gain FDI, new jobs and tax revenue but it also makes a statement
  5. No error

8) Despite its patchy structure with too many rates,(A)/ complex compliance requirements and multiple mid-course changes,(B)/ the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST), overseen together by the Centre and the States,(C)/ had begun to almost serve as exemplar of co-operative federalism (D)/ No error (E).

  1. Despite its patchy structure with too many rates
  2. complex compliance requirements and multiple mid-course changes
  3. the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST), overseen together by the Centre and the States
  4. had begun to almost serve as exemplar of co-operative federalism
  5. No error

9) The Centre contains that only Rs 97,000 crore (A)/ of the revenue shortfall is from implementation of the GST (B), while Rs 1.38-lakh crore is due to extraordinary  (C)/circumstances posed by an ‘Act of God’ (the pandemic) (D)/ No error(E).

  1. The Centre contains that only Rs 97,000 crore
  2. of the revenue shortfall is from implementation of the GST
  3. while Rs 1.38-lakh crore is due to extraordinary
  4. circumstances posed by an ‘Act of God’ (the pandemic)
  5. No error

10) The concerns regarding the functioning (A) /of the Congress raised with 23 of its senior leaders (B)/ appear to have been validated by the hostility generated (C)/ against them by a coterie around the Nehru-Gandhi family (D)/ No error (E).

  1. The concerns regarding the functioning
  2. of the Congress raised with 23 of its senior leaders
  3. appear to have been validated by the hostility generated
  4. against them by a coterie around the Nehru-Gandhi family
  5. No error

Answers :

Directions (1-5):

1) Answer: A

The sentence projects his concern about the government plans related to large firms and their inability to repay due to financial distress. Option A prepares his blueprint to ease the related crisis by structures and payment method. Therefore, option A is the correct answer.

2) Answer: C

The sentence highlights the sectors that can function normally or better due to the demand of health services. Hence, conclusion should consists of the same point following by the line “the paper also pointed” and only option C points out other profitable services with the same context. Therefore, option C is the correct answer.

3) Answer: B

The sentence implies the preventive measures taken by Japan due to the ongoing mentioned crisis, which has adversely affected the supply chain. Hence, it must be concluded wither with benefits of the measures or preliminary process to execute the plan. Options B satisfy both the criteria. Therefore, option B is the correct answer.

4) Answer: D

The sentence begins with ‘while’, this implies there is although an option but there might be not enough resources to cater the option. Option D serves the best alternative with the context. Therefore, option D is the correct answer.

5) Answer: A

The sentences clearly points out the fact about government’s willingness to find out profit using the Covid -19 disruptions. Only option A highlights in changing threats into opportunities. Therefore, option A is the correct answer.

Directions (6-10):

6) Answer: D

There is a mistake in the preposition ‘on’ in the beginning of fragment D. It should be replaced by ‘in’ to make it grammatically correct. The correct fragment “would put investor companies seeking to tap consumers in RCEP member countries at a tariff disadvantage”. Therefore, option D is the correct answer.

7) Answer: A

The tone of the sentence is in passive voice, so there is a missing part of speech ‘that’ in fragment A. The correct fragment “The reasoning appears to be that if even a few multinational enterprises can be drawn to set up manufacturing bases”. Therefore, option A is the correct answer.

8) Answer: D

The article ‘an’ is missing before the noun ‘exemplar’ in fragment D making it grammatically incorrect. The correct fragment,” had begun to almost serve as an exemplar of co-operative federalism”. Therefore, option D is the correct answer.

9) Answer: A

In fragment A, the use of the word ‘contain’ makes it contextually incorrect. The sentence highlights about the shortfall which implies struggle to achieve something. The correct word can be ‘contends’, “The Centre contends that only Rs 97,000 crore”; Therefore, option A is the correct answer.

10) Answer: B

Incorrect part of speech ‘with’ in fragment B, should be replaced as ‘by’ to make it contextually correct. The correct fragment “of the Congress raised by 23 of its senior leaders”; Therefore, option B is the correct answer.

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