Important Computer Awareness Materials (Day-28) – Basic Networking Terms:
Dear Readers, IBPS Exams are approaching shortly, we all knew that Computer Awareness is one of the important section, which will help you to increase your score easily.
Many of our followers were asking us to provide Important Computer Awareness Notes along with the model questions, here we have planned to provide the Topic wise Important Computer Awareness Materials on Daily basis, and also we will provide MCQs based on these topics daily. Kindly follow us regularly and make use of it.
Basic Networking Terms
The Internet is a global network of interconnected network, enabling users to share information along multiple channels. A computer that connects to the internet can access information from a vast array of available servers and other computers by moving information from them to the computer’s local memory.
SERVICES OF INTERNET
E-mail: The Internet enables user to exchange data/information and communicate via electronic media. E-mail messages are usually encoded in American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) text.
Chat: Chat is the exchange of typed message by people. It enables people to ‘talk not vocal’ by typing and sending the messages back and forth.
Video Conferencing: A service that allows a group of users to exchange video information over the Internet. It includes an audio teleconference facility.
A Wireless LAN or WLAN is a Wireless Local Area Network that uses radio waves at its carrier – the last link with the users is wireless, to give a network connection to all users in the surrounding area. Areas may range from a single room to an entire office.
INTERNET PROTOCOL SUITE
The Internet protocol suite is the set of communications protocols that implement the protocol stock on which the Internet and most commercial networks run.
FILE TRANSFER PROTOCOL
FTP or File Transfer Protocol is a commonly used protocol for exchanging files over any network that supports the TCP/IP protocol (such as the Internet or an Intranet). There are two computers involved in an FTP transfer-a server and a client.
INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER
An Internet Service Provider (ISP) is a business or organization that offers users access to the Internet and related services. Many but not all ISPs are telephone companies.
NETWORK SERVICE PROVIDER
A Network Service Provider (NSP) is a business or organization that sells bandwidth or network access by providing direct backbone access to the Internet and usually access to its Network Access Points (NAPs).
A web server is a program that using the client/server model and the World Wide Web’s Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Serves the files that form Web Pages to Web users (whose computers contains HTTP clients that forward their requests). Client Server Client Server is a network architecture which separates the client from the server.
A Proxy Server is a computer that offers a computer network service to allow clients to make indirect network connections to other network services.
A Website is a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or sub-domain on the World Wide Web on the Internet.
- Static Website
- Dynamic Website
A Web Page is a resource on the World Wide Web, usually in HTML/XHTML format with hypertext links to enable navigation from one page or section to another. A web page can contain content which is able to be seen or heard by the end user.
Dynamic Web Page: Dynamic Web Pages can be defined as Web Pages containing dynamic content (example-images, text, form fields etc) that can change/move without the web page being reloaded.
- It is the first page that the link/site takes the user to.
- It most often refers to the initial or main web page of a website.
- It is a personal web page, for example at a web hosting service or a university website that typically is stored in the home directory of the user.
UNIFORM RESOURCE LOCATOR
A Uniform Resource Locator CURL) is the another name for web address or website address. It is basically a string of characters which refers to a resources on the Internet. e.g., the URL of ‘Google’ search engine is ‘wwwgoogle.com ‘.
ANDROID (OPERATING SYSTEM)
Android is a mobile operating system initially developed by Android Inc. Android was purchased by Google in 2005. Android is based upon a modified version of the Linux Kernel. Android has a large community of developers writing application programs Capps) that extend the functionality of the devices.
WIRELESS APPLICATION PROTOCOL (WAP)
Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) is an open international standard. A WAP browser is a commonly used Web browser for small mobile devices such as cell phones.
Web addresses start with the name of a protocol, which is called a HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol). HTTP means that the resource in question will be found on a web server.