Dear Aspirants Here we have given brief details about Highlights Civilian Awards-2018 in the exam point of view. Candidates those who are preparing for IBPS / SBI / SSC / Insurance exam and all other competitive exams can use this.
Today President of India Ram Nath Govind has conferred the country’s highest Civilian Awards to the best civilians for their contribution towards the nation, whose name were announced on Republic Day.
The Padma Awards are one of the highest civilian honours of India announced annually on the Republic Day. The Awards are given in three categories: Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri. The award seeks to recognize achievements in all fields of activities or disciplines where an element of public service is involved.
The Padma Awards are conferred on the recommendations made by the Padma Awards Committee, which is constituted by the Prime Minister every year. The nomination process is open to the public. Even self-nomination can be made.
HISTORY AND RELEVANCE
The Government of India instituted two civilian awards-Bharat Ratna & Padma Vibhushan in 1954. The latter had three classes namely Pahela Varg, Dusra Varg and Tisra Varg. These were subsequently renamed as Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri vide Presidential Notification issued on January 8, 1955.
Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the country. It is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour. It is treated on a different footing from Padma Award. The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India. No formal recommendations for Bharat Ratna are necessary. The number of Bharat Ratna Awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year. Government has conferred Bharat Ratna Award on 45 persons till date.
Padma Awards, which were instituted in the year 1954, is announced every year on the occasion of Republic Day except for brief interruption(s) during the years 1978 and 1979 and 1993 to 1997.
The award is given in three categories, namely,
- Padma Vibhushan for exceptional and distinguished service;
- Padma Bhushan for distinguished service of a high order;
- Padma Shri for distinguished service.
All persons without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex are eligible for these awards. However, Government servants including those working with PSUs, except doctors and scientists, are not eligible for these Awards.
All nominations received for Padma Awards are placed before the Padma Awards Committee, which is constituted by the Prime Minister every year. The Padma Awards Committee is headed by the Cabinet Secretary and includes Home Secretary, Secretary to the President and four to six eminent persons as members. The recommendations of the committee are submitted to the Prime Minister and the President of India for approval.
This year 85 recipients have been selected for the prestigious awards including two duo cases. This includes 3 Padma Vibhushan, 9 Padma Bhushan and 73 Padma Shri awards. Fourteen of the awardees are women, while 16 persons are foreigners and three are being awarded posthumous.
Music maestro Illaiyaraja and cricketer M.S. Dhoni were among this year’s 89 Padma awardees, announced by the Centre on the eve of the 69th Republic Day. While Mr. Illaiyaraja was among the three Padma Vibhushan awardees, the former India captain is among the nine Padma Bhushan recipients. Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan are the second and third highest civilian awards of the country respectively.
|2||Ghulam Mustafa Khan||Art-Music||Maharashtra|
|3||Parameswaran Parameswaran||Literature and Education||Kerala|
|1||Pankaj Advani||Sports- Billiards/Snooker||Karnataka|
|2||Philipose Mar Chrysostom||Others-Spiritualism||Kerala|
|3||Mahendra Singh Dhoni||Sports-Cricket||Jharkhand|
|4||Alexander Kadakin (Foreigner)||Public Affairs||Russia|
|5||Ramachandran Nagaswamy||Others-Archaeology||Tamil Nadu|
|6||Ved Prakash Nanda (OCI)||Literature and Education||US|
|1||Abhay Bang (Duo)||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|2||Rani Bang (Duo)||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|3||Damodar Ganesh Bapat||Social Work||Chhattisgarh|
|4||Prafulla Govinda Baruah||Literature and Education-Journalism||Assam|
|5||Mohan Swaroop Bhatia||Art-Folk Music||Uttar Pradesh|
|6||Sudhanshu Biswas||Social Work||West Bengal|
|7||Saikhom Mirabai Chanu||Sports-Weightlifting||Manipur|
|8||Pandit Shyamlal Chaturvedi||Literature and Education-Journalism||Chhattisgarh|
|9||Jose Ma Joey Concepcion III (Foreigner)||Trade & Industry||Philippines|
|10||Langpoklakpam Subadani Devi||Art-Weaving||Manipur|
|12||Yeshi Dhoden||Medicine||Himachal Pradesh|
|13||Arup Kumar Dutta||Literature and Education||Assam|
|15||Arvind Gupta||Literature and Education||Maharashtra|
|16||Digamber Hansda||Literature and Education||Jharkhand|
|17||Ramli Bin Ibrahim (Foreigner)||Art-Dance||Malaysia|
|18||Anwar Jalalpuri (Posthumous)||Literature and Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|19||Piyong Temjen Jamir||Literature and Education||Nagaland|
|20||Sitavva Joddati||Social Work||Karnataka|
|21||Malti Joshi||Literature and Education||MP|
|23||Rameshwarlal Kabra||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|24||Pran Kishore Kaul||Art||J&K|
|26||Vijay Kichlu||Art-Music||West Bengal|
|27||Tommy Koh(Foreigner)||Public Affairs||Singapore|
|29||Joyshree Goswami Mahanta||Literature and Education||Assam|
|30||Narayan Das Maharaj||Others-Spiritualism||Rajasthan|
|32||Hun Many (Foreigner)||Public Affairs||Cambodia|
|33||Nouf Marwaai(Foreigner)||Others- Yoga||Saudi Arabia|
|34||Zaverilal Mehta||Literature and Education-Journalism||Gujarat|
|35||Krishna Bihari Mishra||Literature and Education||West Bengal|
|36||Sisir Purushottam Misra||Art-Cinema||Maharashtra|
|37||Subhasini Mistry||Social Work||West Bengal|
|38||Somdet Phra Maha Muniwong (Foreigner)||Others-Spiritualism||Thailand|
|39||Keshav Rao Musalgaonkar||Literature and Education||MP|
|40||Dr Thant Myint – U(Foreigner)||Public Affairs||Myanmar|
|41||V Nanammal||Others-Yoga||Tamil Nadu|
|42||Sulagitti Narasamma||Social Work||Karnataka|
|43||Vijayalakshmi Navaneethakrishnan||Art-Folk Music||Tamil Nadu|
|44||I Nyoman Nuarta (Foreigner)||Art- Sculpture||Indonesia|
|45||Malai Haji Abdullah Bin Malai Haji Othman(Foreigner)||Social Work||Brunei|
|47||Bhabani Charan Pattanaik||Public Affairs||Odisha|
|49||Habibullo Rajabov(Foreigner)||Literature and Education||Tajikistan|
|50||M R Rajagopal||Medicine-Palliative care||Kerala|
|52||Sampat Ramteke(Posthumous)||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|53||Chandra Sekhar Rath||Odisha|
|54||S S Rathore||Civil Service||Gujarat|
|55||Amitava Roy||Science and Engineering||West Bengal|
|56||Sanduk Ruit (Foreigner)||Medicine- Ophthalmology||Nepal|
|58||Pankaj M Shah||Medicine- Ophthalmology||Gujarat|
|60||Maharao Raghuveer Singh||Literature and Education||Rajasthan|
|61||Kidambi Srikanth||Sports-Badminton||Andhra Pradesh|
|64||Lentina Ao Thakkar||Social Work||Nagaland|
|65||Vikram Chandra Thakur||Science and Engineering||Uttarakhand|
|66||Rudrapatnam Narayanaswamy Tharanathan (Duo)||Art-Music||Karnataka|
|67||Rudrapatnam Narayanaswamy Thyagarajan (Duo)||Art-Music||Karnataka|
|68||Nguyen Tien Thien (Foreigner)||Others-Spiritualism||Vietnam|
|69||Bhagirath Prasad Tripathi||Literature and Education||UP|
|70||Rajagopalan Vasudevan||Science and Engineering||Bihar|
|71||Panatawane Gangadhar Vithobaji||Literature and Education||Maharashtra|
|72||Romulus Whitaker||Others-Wildlife Conservation||Tamil Nadu|
|73||Baba Yogendra||Art||Madhya Pradesh|
|74||A Zakia||Literature and Education||Mizoram|
/ 5. Reviews