Prime Minister In India List | Prepare Static GK For Exams

Here we have added the Prime minister in India list. This list is useful for the aspirants preparing for the competitive exams. This topic comes under the static GK part. So candidates are advised to remember this prime minister in India list while preparing for competitive exam.

On this page, you are going to know all the prime ministers in India, the selection process, eligibility criteria, and other information. This is one of the most important topics to cover in the static GK section under the general awareness section. If you are thorough with the list of prime ministers in India, then you can easily answer the related questions in the exam. So prepare efficiently with the data available here along with the list of prime ministers in India.

For the Indian government, Prime Minister acts as the chief executive. As per the Indian Parliamentary system, the President is the head of the government law. But his executive powers are vested with the PM and the council of ministers. He is the chief advisor to the president. Also, he is the head of the council of ministers.

Selection Process:

Before going to the list of PM in India, you should know how the prime minister is elected in India. In the Lok Sabha election, the alliance or party which gets the majority of seats is the winning party. The PM candidate of the winning party or alliance is selected as the Prime Minister of India. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of India.

Eligibility Criteria:

A candidate has to follow the eligibility criteria mentioned below to become a Prime Minister. The candidate must be:

  • a citizen of India.
  • should be a member of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. If the person elected as prime minister is neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor of the Rajya Sabha, then he must become a member of the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha within six months.
  • of above 25 years of age (in the case of a seat in the Lok Sabha) or above 30 years of age (in the case of a seat in the Rajya Sabha).

Role and Powers:

The Prime Minister is responsible for aiding the President in his/her work relating to the government. The Prime Minister, in consultation with the Cabinet, schedules and attends the sessions of the Houses of Parliament and is required to answer the question from the Members of Parliament.

Some specific ministries/departments are not allocated to anyone in the cabinet but the Prime Minister himself. The Prime Minister is usually always in-charge/head of:

  • Appointments Committee of the Cabinet;
  • Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pensions;
  • Ministry of Planning;
  • Department of Atomic Energy; and
  • Department of Space.

The Prime Minister also represents the country at various international meetings, conferences, and organizations.

List of Prime Minister in India:

Name Born-Dead Term of office Remark
Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964) 5 August 1947-27 May 1964
16 years, 286 days
The first PM of India and the longest-serving PM of India, the first to die in office.
Gulzarilal Nanda (1898–1998) 27 May 1964 to 9 June 1964,
13 days
First acting PM of India
Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904–1966) 9 June 1964 to 11 Jan 1966
1 year, 216 days
He gave the slogan of ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ during the Indo-Pak war of 1965
Gulzarilal Nanda (1898–1998) 11 Jan 1966 to 24 Jan 1966
13 days
Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) 24 Jan 1966 to 24 March 1977
11 years, 59 days
First lady Prime Minister of India. Popularly known as “Iron Lady”
Morarji Desai (1896–1995) 24 March 1977–28 July 1979
2 year, 116 days
Oldest elected PM at 81 and the first one to resign from office
Charan Singh (1902–1987) 28 July 1979 to 14 Jan 1980
170 days
Only PM who did not face the Parliament
Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) 14 Jan 1980 to 31 Oct 1984
4 years, 291 days
The first lady who served as PM for the second term
Rajiv Gandhi (1944–1991) 31 Oct 1984 to 2 Dec 1989
5 years, 32 days
Youngest PM of India. He took charge at the age of 40 years
V. P. Singh (1931–2008) 2 Dec 1989 to 10 Nov 1990
343 days
First PM to step down after a vote of no confidence
Chandra Shekhar (1927–2007) 10 Nov 1990 to 21 June 1991
223 days
He belongs to  Samajwadi Janata Party
P. V. Narasimha Rao (1921–2004) 21 June 1991 to 16 May 1996
4 years, 330 days
First PM from south India
Atal Bihari Vajpayee (born 1924) 16 May 1996 to 1 June 1996
16 days
To serve as PM for the shortest tenure
H. D. Deve Gowda (born 1933) 1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997
324 days
He hails from the Janata Dal
Inder Kumar Gujral (1919–2012) 21 April 1997 to 19 March 1998
332 days
Atal Bihari Vajpayee (born 1924) 19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004
6 years, 64 days
The first non-congress PM who completed a full term as PM
Manmohan Singh (born 1932) 22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014
10 years, 4 Months 2 days
 First Sikh PM
Narendra Modi (born 1950) 26 May 2014, Incumbent 4th Prime Minister of India who served two consecutive tenures

Some interesting Facts Related to PM in India:

Here we have added some interesting information and the FAQs related to the Prime Minister in India list.

  • Who is the first Prime Minister in India? – Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • Longest-serving Prime Minister in India – Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • 1st Non-congress Prime minister in India – Morarji Desai.
  • Youngest Prime Minister in India – Rajiv Gandhi.
  • Oldest Prime Minister in India – Morarji Desai.
  • Only acting Prime Minister in India – Gulzarilal Nanda.
  • Who is the first Prime Minister in India? – Narendra Modi.

Every year, the demand for the competitive exam is increasing among the aspirants. The aspirants have to work very hard to secure a government job. Especially candidates have to prepare with no stones left unturned, for the current affairs and general awareness topics. In that section, candidates have to prepare many topics such as current affairs, static GK, appointments, awards, sports news, economy, etc. In each topic, you can expect one or two questions. Only if you prepare hard you can answer one or two questions from each topic. So don’t take this lightly and prepare with dedication. This list of the prime ministers of India will take approximately an hour to study. Then timely revision before the examination is more than enough. Similarly, study all the static GK topics and succeed in the competitive exams.

Candidates kindly focus on these topics and try not to avoid it. You can easily cover the list of prime ministers in India. It is an important topic for current affairs as well. If any appointment is changed, we will update them. You have to be updated with your preparation. So that you can score easily for these questions. Here we have also given the links for general awareness, current affairs, static GK preparation. You can also Practice quizzes and test your level of preparation and knowledge.

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