Prominent Gardens in India: History, List, & Locations of Gardens

Prominent Gardens in India: Here we have added the list of Prominent Gardens in India. Our nation is globally known for its rich and diverse cultural and topographical features. We have many picturesque monuments and landscapes. These include both natural and man-made or artificial landscapes. Few examples of these are mountains, plains, forts, palaces, gardens in India. In this article, we will discuss the peculiar details of the prominent gardens in India.

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The list of prominent gardens in India is one of the most important topics for the general awareness section. The general awareness section is a prominent subject for major competitive examinations of the country. These competitive examinations include UPSC, SSC, banking, railways, etc. Candidates aspiring to crack these competitive examinations are advised to kindly go through the entire article to know the details about the prominent gardens in India.

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Prominent Gardens in India: List

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Auroville Botanical Gardens

It is popularly known as the cashew land having 310 species of trees. The garden is located in a wide area of fifty acres. This area is converted into a botanical garden for the preservation and conservation of the tropical dry evergreen forest.
Location: Auroville, Tamil Nadu
Founded: 2000

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Sim’s Park 

The park was developed by Major Murray. It is covering an area of 29 acres of land. This prominent garden consists of thousands of plant species. The atmosphere in the region makes it suitable for the various flowering plants and trees. The garden is located at 1780 meters above sea level. Every year the authority hosts an annual show in May showcasing fruits and vegetables.

Location: Coonoor, Tamil Nadu
Founded: 1874

  1. Prominent Gardens in IndiaGovernment Botanical Garden

The architectural skills behind the botanical garden were of William Graham McIvor. The garden of 135 acres of land is divided into a total of six sections i.e. Lower Garden, New Garden, Italian Garden, Conservatory, Fountain Terrace, and Nurseries. The center of attraction of this garden is 20 million years old tree trunk.

Location: Ooty, Tamil Nadu
Founded: 1847

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden 

East India Company is the main organization behind the creation of this garden. Before the existing name came into existence in 2009. It was previously named the royal botanical garden or Indian botanical garden. The garden consists of 1200 species of trees with the largest banyan tree in the nation. It is spread across 269 acres of land. 

Location: Kolkata, West Bengal
Founded: 1787

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Lloyd’s Botanical Garden 

The garden is named after the landowner i.e. William Lyod. the region is spread across 40 acres of land with 150 species of succulents. Orchids are the main attraction of this botanical garden.

Location: Darjeeling, West Bengal
Founded: 1878

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Rock Garden 

The rock garden was built by Britishers along with the tea gardens. It is covering a large area of 2471 acres of land. The land consists of rock structures, lakes, fountains, and different plant species. Since 1988 the garden is covered under the Darjeeling Gorkha Autonomous Hill Council (DGAHC).

Location: Darjeeling, West Bengal
Founded: 1835

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Brindavan Garden

The Brindavan garden was established by the diwan of Mysore near Krishnarajasagara Dam. The garden is maintained by the government of Karnataka. The beautiful structure and musical fountain are tourist attractions.

Location: Mysore, Karnataka
Founded: 1932

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Pilikula Botanical Garden 

This botanical garden is under the Pilikula Nisargadhama. It is spread across 86 acres of land. There are approximately 236 flowering plant species in the garden. There are also medicinal plant varieties of more than 460 species. The area also consists of 9 aquatic ponds. The District Administration of Dakshina Kannada is the authoritative body of this garden.

Location: Mangalore, Karnataka

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Lal Bagh Botanical Garden

This garden was built by Hyder Ali in 1760. He was the chief commander of Bangalore. It consists of 1000 species of plants and trees. The age of many plants is more than a hundred years. In 1889, a glasshouse structure was built. The garden covers 240 acres of land. The authoritative body for the garden is the Department of Horticulture of India.

Location: Bangalore, Karnataka
Founded: 1760

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Malampuzha Garden

This garden is an integral part of the Malampuzha Dam. It is popularly known for Chess Board Park, Japanese Garden, Maze Park, Sunken Garden, and Snake Park. This garden is covering an area of 29 acres of land. This garden is a miniature version of the famous Mughal gardens of the president’s house.

Location: Palakkad, Kerala
Founded: 1995

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Balasinor Dinosaur Fossil Park 

This fossil park is the second-largest Dinosaur Park in World. The park is covering an area of 177 acres of land having more than 10,000 dinosaur fossils. The park is known to have 13 species of dinosaurs. The eggs and fossils remain are still preserved.

Location: Mahisagar, Gujarat
Founded: 1980s

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Sarita Udyan 

This is one of the most prominent gardens in India located on the banks of the Sabarmati river. The deer park is the main attraction of this garden.

Location: Gandhinagar, Gujarat

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Sajjan Niwas Garden / Gulab Bagh 

Maharana Fateh Singh was the creator of this garden. The garden is covered across 100 acres of land. Saraswati Library, Navlakha Mahal, Gulab Bagh Zoo, and Kamal Talai are famous sites of the garden. The zoo in the Gulab bagh has different species of animals including ostriches.

Location: Udaipur, Rajasthan
Founded: 1887

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park 

This desert rock park is located near the Mehrangarh Fort. The garden covers 177 acres of land possessing volcanic rocks formed more than 700 million years ago. It also consists of 250 species of native plants. The park consists of over 200 bird species. 

Location: Jodhpur, Rajasthan
Founded: 2005

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Chambal Garden 

The garden is located on the banks of the Chambal river. The garden consists of fish-eating crocodiles. They are popularly known as gharials.

Location: Kota, Rajasthan

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Chandrashekhar Azad Park

The garden is named after Chandra Shekhar Azad as it was his death place. Earlier it was named company gardens. The garden was built to mark Prince Alfred’s visit to the area. The park is covering an area of 133 acres of land. 

Location: Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
Founded: 1860

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Mehtab Bagh 

This prominent garden in India is a historical site build by Babur. The location of the garden is opposite the Taj Mahal. It was named Moonlight Garden by Shah Jahan. It is located on the banks of the Yamuna river. The garden is square-shaped covering a land area of 25 acres. It is one of the eleven Mughal gardens built on the banks of the Yamuna river. 

Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Founded: 1530

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Saharanpur Botanical Garden 

East India Company was the controller of this garden in 1817. It is now a Horticultural Experiment and Training Centre and is open for tourists. It consists of 235 species of plants and more than 400 species of flowering plants.

Location: Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh
Founded: 1750

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Aram Bagh 

Arun bagh is the oldest Mughal garden in India. Babur is the reason behind the construction of this garden. It is a Persian garden built near the Taj Mahal. It is built on the banks of the Yamuna river having many fountains.

Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Founded: 1528

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Jhansi Herbal Garden

The garden is spread across an area of 37 acres of land. It is named after Bundelkhand a famous white tiger. It is a herbal garden having more than 200 species of medicinal plants or herbal plants. The herbal garden comes under many of the army officials.

Location: Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Lodi Garden 

The Lodi garden is one of the most prominent and beautiful gardens in India. The garden consists of tombs of many Lodi dynasty rulers. The garden is covering a land area of 90 acres. It is supervised by the Archaeological Survey of India. It is popularly known for the Bara Gumbad, Masjid, and the Shisha Gumbad.

Location: New Delhi
Founded in: 15th century

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Mughal garden 

The main architect behind the construction of this garden is Sir Edwin Lutyens. Mughal gardens were constructed in the Rashtriya Bhawan. It covers an area of 15 acres of land. The garden consists of 159 varieties of roses along with 49 species of trees. A replica of this prominent garden was built in Jammu and Kashmir.

Location: New Delhi
Founded in: 1929

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Jallianwala Bagh

It was built to commemorate the victims of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. The massacre happened in 1919 on the occasion of Baisakhi where innocent people were fired by guns gathered by the Britishers. It covers an area of 7 acres of land with a wall of Martyr’s gallery and museum.

Location: Amritsar, Punjab

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Pinjore Garden 

This prominent garden of India was designed for the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. It is a combination of Mughal and Patiala architecture. The garden consists of seven terraces having palaces like Sheesh Mahal, Hawa Mahal, Rang Mahal, and Jal mahal. The garden covers an area of 100 acres of land. The state government is the authoritative body of the garden.

Location: Panchkula, Haryana
Founded in: 1707

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Rock Garden of Chandigarh 

The rock garden is situated on the banks of Sukhna lake. The garden covers an area of 40 acres of land. The garden is maintained by the Rock Garden Society. This garden is popular for doll museums and the use of sustainable architecture. This is completely made of industrial and home waste and discarded items. It has sculptures of waste ceramic.

Location: Chandigarh
Founded in: 1957

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Chashme Shahi 

This prominent garden in India is a Mughal garden. The chashme shahi was built by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan. It was a gift for his elder son Dara Shikoh. It is covering an area of 1-acre of land. The Jammu and Kashmir Tourism Department is the controller of this garden. The structure shows an Iranian influence and in terms of design is similar to Persian gardens. It is famous for the water spring which is known to have medicinal properties.

Location: Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir
Founded in: 1632

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Shalimar Bagh

The Shalimar bagh is located on the bank of Dal Lake. It was built by the Mughal emperor Jahangir. The garden was designed for the wife of the emperor Nur Jahan. The garden is covering an area of 31 acres of land. It is famous for its attractive architecture. This garden comes under the jurisdiction of the Jammu and Kashmir Tourism Department. It is a public park popularly named the “Crown of Srinagar”.

Location: Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir
Founded in: 1619

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Nishat Bagh 

This is a Mughal garden built by Asif Shah. He was the brother in law of Mughal ruler Jahangir. It is located on the eastern side of Dal lake. This park is adjacent to Shalimar Bagh and Chashme Shahi. The garden is covering an area of 46 acres of land. It is popular for 12 terraces symbolizing each zodiac sign. It comes under the jurisdiction of the Jammu and Kashmir Tourism Department.

Location: Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir
Founded in: 1633

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Indira Gandhi Tulip Garden 

This is a tulip garden with an overview of Dal Lake. It was designed to promote floriculture and tourism in the city. This comes under the Department of Flora-fauna and covering a land of 74 acres. Every year the department organizes a tulip festival to showcase varieties of flowers. The garden consists of 48 floral species and a total of 15 lakhs of plants.

Location: Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir
Founded in: 2007

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Chaubatia Garden

This is one of the most prominent fruit gardens in India. The chaubatia garden was built by the Britishers. It is spread across an area of 600 acres of land. It is popularly known for fruit orchards like apples, apricots, peaches, and more. This prominent garden comes under the Government Fruit Research Centre. The garden possesses a picturesque view of Himalayan ranges.

Location: Ranikhet, Uttrakhand
Founded in: 1868

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Hanging Garden 

The main architect behind this terrace garden is Ulhas Ghapokar. This construction is dedicated to a Parsi political leader named Pherozeshah Mehta. The garden has a view of Kamla Nehru and Malabar Hills.

Location: Mumbai, Maharashtra
Founded in: 1881

  1. Prominent Gardens in India – Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Garden 

This garden is home to 1.5 lakh ornamental plants. The botanical garden covers an area of 16 acres of land. The Forest Department of the Government of Sikkim is the authoritative body of this garden. It is known for different varieties of Orchids and Oaks. The garden gives a view of Himalaya peaks and the city of Gangtok.

Location:  Gangtok, Sikkim
Founded in: 1987

Hope the list of prominent gardens in India was helpful for you!! Keep visiting the Guidely!!

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