Railway Exam Reasoning –Alphabet

Railway Exam Reasoning –Alphabet Set-12:
Dear Readers, Here we have given from Reasoning Questions for Railway Exam 2016. Candidates those who are all preparing for these exams can use this material.
Alphabet Test
Alphabet test is a test of the sequence of words in alphabetical order as they appear in their order. To arrange the words in alphabetical order, first take the first letter of each word and then arrange the words in the order in which these letters appear in the English alphabet.
Types of Questions
There are three types of questions based on the alphabet test which generally asked in various competitive examinations.
Type 1 Arrangement According To Dictionary
Arranging words in alphabetical order implies “to arrange them in the order as they appear in a dictionary”. For this arrangement, first we shall take the first letter of each word and then arrange the words in the order in which they appear in the English alphabet, then take the second letter and so on.
Type 2  Letter  – Word Problems
In these type of problems, a word is given and candidates are required to answer questions like – a word is given and then they are asked how many letters remain same in its position if they are arranged in alphabetical order. Sometimes, a word is given and they are asked, which vowel or a consonant going to follow it.
Type  3 Alpha – Numeric Sequence
In these type of problems, a jumbled sequence of some letters, numbers and symbols are given. Sometimes only English alphabets from A to Z are given.
Important Facts about Letters
·       We know A, E, I, O , and U are vowels of English alphabet and remaining letters are consonants of English alphabet
·       AàM ( A to M) letters are called the first half of English alphabet.
·       NàZ (N to Z) letters are called the second half of English alphabet.
·       From Aà Z (A to Z) letters are called left to right of English alphabet. From ZàA (Z to A) letters are called right to left of English alphabet.
·     To remember the position of the opposite letter of English alphabet.
A → Z   A To Z or Aaza
C → X  Crax
E → V Evening
G → T  GT Road
I → R Indian Railway
K → P Kevin Peterson
M → N Man
B → Y By – By
D → W Dew
F → U First U (you)
H → S High School
J → Q Jack Queen
L → O Light On
1).If the following four words are arranged in alphabetical order, which word will come in the third place?
a)  Electric
b)  Elector
c)  Elect
d)  Electrode
2).Arrange the given words in alphabetical order and choose the one that comes at the second place.
a)  Bathing
b)  Banking
c)  Backing
d)  Banishing
3).How many such letters are there in the word PMCLNOB which remain same in its position, if they are arranged in an alphabetical order?
a)  None
b)  One
c)  Two
d)  Three
4).If each vowel in the word GLADIOLUS is substituted with the next letter of the English alphabetical series and each consonant is substituted with the letter preceding it. How many vowels are present in the new arrangement?
a)  None
b)  One
c)  Two
d)  Three
Directions (Q. 5 – 6): Study the following arrangement carefully and answer the questions given below.
 
F @ 3 9 H © A D I % 4 E ⋆ $ M K 2 U R P 5 W δ 8 1 T J V 7
 
5).How many symbols are there in the above arrangement, which is preceded by a number and followed by a letter?
a)  None
b)  One
c)  Two
d)  Three
6).Three of the following four options are alike in a certain way, based on their positions, in the above arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
a)  D % ©
b)  5 δ R
c)  T V 8
d)  E % $
Answers:                    
1). a) 2). d) 3). c)       4). a) 5). a) 6). d)
 
Solution:
 
1).Arranging the words in alphabetical order,
Elect, Elector, Electric, Electrode
Hence, Electric will come in the third place
Answer:  a)
 
2).Arranging the words in alphabetical order,
Backing, Banishing , Banking, Bathing
Hence, Banishing will come at the second place.
Answer: d)
 
3).
So, such type of letters are N and O.
Answer: c)
 

4).

So, no such vowel is present in the new arrangement.
Answer: a)
 
5).No symbol is preceded by a number and followed by a letter?
Answer: a)
 
6).
Hence , E%$ does not belong to the same pattern
Answer: d)
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