English Materials for RRB Clerk Mains 2021:
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Theme based- odd sentence
Directions (1-5): Five options are given out of which four options can be rearranged to form a coherent paragraph. Choose among the options, the option which fails to become a part of the coherent paragraph and is the odd-one-out.
a) Many of the Boeing Dreamliners is grounded as air travel remains deeply depressed.
b) Worldwide domestic traffic fell 58 percent in July compared with the same month last year, according to the International Air Transport Association, an industry group.
c) International demand was down 92 percent.
d) That month, Boeing said it was slashing production of the jet as its airline customers struggled to deal with the deep decline in travel.
e) In some cases, employee concerns were brushed aside as the company sought to cut long manufacturing delays, the investigation of the South Carolina plant found.
a) At first glance this may seem alarming.
b) A vaccine trial – and not just any vaccine, but one receiving massive global attention – is put on hold due to a suspected serious adverse reaction.
c) The Oxford University team believe this process illustrates that they are committed to the safety of their volunteers and the highest standards of conduct in their studies.
d) But such events are not unheard of; indeed the Oxford team describes it as “routine”.
e) Any time a volunteer is admitted to hospital and the cause of their illness is not immediately apparent it triggers a study to be put on hold.
a) US President Donald Trump has said he wants a vaccine available in the US before 3 November’s election, but his comments have raised fears that politics may be prioritised over safety in the rush for a vaccine.
b) Despite this, China and Russia have begun inoculating some key workers with domestically developed vaccines.
c) All of them are still listed by the WHO as being in clinical trials.
d) Meanwhile, the US national regulator, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), has suggested that coronavirus vaccines may be approved before completing a third phase of clinical trials.
e) The organisation has said it does not expect a vaccine to meet its efficacy and safety guidelines in order to be approved this year because of the time it takes to test them safely.
a) President Trump is using the pre-pandemic economy to make a case for his re-election.
b) Highlighting time and again that unemployment rates fell to record low levels for Black and Hispanic workers in 2019, and that wages were climbing steadily under his watch.
c) He is also seeking to convince voters that he is rapidly returning America to that prosperous place following waves of pandemic-wrought job loss.
d) To be sure, it is easy to overstate how strong conditions were before the pandemic struck.
e) Fostering what he labeled a “Super V” rebound on Sunday and that Joseph R. Biden Jr. would “destroy” the economy if he wins in November.
a) In recent years, the fall television season had been the last bastion of the broadcast networks.
b) This six-episode series employs the bright tone and fragmented structure of docureality TV to examine the history of the Atlantic slave trade.
c) Then came Covid-19.
d) With production barely restarting, the network comedies and dramas that usually fill the fall season are mostly absent this year, replaced by reality competitions, true-crime anthologies and recycled shows making their “broadcast premieres.”
e) Meanwhile, cable channels and streaming services, more flexible in their scheduling and more accustomed to dealing with international producers, still have new product to put on the shelves.
Directions (6-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are to be filled with the options given below. Find out the appropriate pair of words in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering the meaning of the statement. Both the pair must fill the blank.
The executive branch has expanded its power globally, in the wake of the pandemic, and not rarely, using it as a facade for_________ (6). The attenuation of Parliament, overshadowed by a strong executive, has been a concern in India even before the pandemic. In ensuring executive ________ (7) and voicing people’s concerns, Parliament’s role was found wanting. In lawmaking, it was increasingly being railroaded by the executive. These unhealthy _____ (8) appear to have been accelerated by the pandemic. The government must be held accountable by Parliament on the management of the pandemic, but that is not all. There is a long list of issues that requires detailed attention and _______ (9) by people’s representatives, such as China’s aggression on the LAC, the challenges on the economic front, the Centre’s refusal to meet its commitment to States under the GST regime, the coming election in Bihar in the midst of the pandemic, the situation in Jammu and Kashmir, and worsening ties with India’s neighbours. The Congress has been _______ (10) on these issues while the government has not been very responsive. Regional parties in power appear too overwhelmed by the pandemic to pay attention to other issues.
- aggrandizement /ennoblement
- difficulty /worry
- advancements/ continuations
- maneuvers / movement
- alleviating / palliating
1) Answer: E
By joining a-d we get a clear idea of what Boeing did when the air travel was reduced. Whereas, e explains the investigation report regarding employees is incorrect in this context. Therefore, option E is the correct answer.
2) Answer: C
By joining a, b, d, and e, we understand the paragraph is speaking of illness while volunteering for vaccine trial, its effects and steps undertaken. Whereas, c explains the believe of an unknown process which seems needed an initialization, is missing. Therefore, option C is the correct answer.
3) Answer: A
By arranging the sentences in order e-b-c-d we get to understand about an organisation and its concern about vaccine safety guidelines over short time approval period and also discuss the coherent statement of countries and their approaches. Whereas, a speaks about speculations raised over Mr. Trump’s statement. Therefore, option A is the correct answer.
4) Answer: D
By adding up sentences a-b-c-e we make out that the paragraph alleges Mr. Trump for speaking lies to re-win the presidential elections which feared by the speaker can trigger economic fall down. Whereas, d explains something completely different is clearly don not makes a coherent paragraph. Therefore, option D is the correct answer.
5) Answer: B
By joining a-c-d-e we interpret a meaning of the paragraph the setback of broadcast networks and the consequences of Covid 19 in television or broadcast networks. However, b speaks about a particular series is clearly out from the paragraph. Therefore, option B is the correct answer.
Directions (6-10) :
6) Answer: A
The word ‘aggrandisement’ or ‘ennoblement’ means enhancing reputation or power, which is similar with the context as the sentence begins with “has expanded its power globally”. Therefore, option A is the correct answer.
7) Answer: C
The blank is followed by “voicing people’s concern” and beginning of the sentence with “in ensuring executive”, is clear that the blank is suitable with an act of responsibility – to the people. Therefore, option C is the correct answer.
8) Answer: B
“Trends/course” mean a general direction in which a/anything is moving. The sentences begin with “these unhealthy” and ends by blaming pandemic must explain a certain course of movement. Therefore, option B is correct answer.
9) Answer: A
“deliberation” means long discussion and consideration. The sentence begin with “there’s a long list of issues that requires detailed attention and” followed by the blank. Hence, the blank must point the same notation since it is joined with the conjunction ‘and’. Therefore, option A is the correct answer.
10) Answer: E
The use of ‘while’ in between the sentence refers a disagreement in the subject and predicate points within the sentence. The sentence ends with the term “not responsive”, which can possible means that there must be some shooting of questions or demanding answers in the beginning. The term ‘combative’ or ‘palliate’ means ready to argue (related to issues) can be possibly best option with the context. Therefore, option E is the correct answer.
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