RRB Clerk Mains English (Day-18)

English Materials for RRB Clerk Mains 2021:

Dear Aspirants, Our IBPS Guide team is providing a new series of English Language Questions for RRB Clerk Mains 2021 so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis. These questions are framed by our skilled experts after understanding your needs thoroughly. Aspirants can practice these new series questions daily to familiarize with the exact exam pattern and make your preparation effective.

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Sentence correction

Directions (1-5): From the options given below, select the option which states the correct combination of incorrect/correct sentences.

1)

I) On Saturday, Sriwijaya Air Flight 182, with Captain Afwan in charge, crashed into the Java Sea a few minutes after takeoff in heavy rain.

II) The Boeing 737-500 series passenger jet carrying 62 people, including six active crew.

III) Ten children and babies had been aboard the flight, en route from Jakarta to the city of Pontianak on the island of Borneo, a roughly 90-minutes journey.

IV) By Sunday afternoon, divers had retrieved items from the plane in waters northwest of the Indonesian capital, Jakarta: chunks of fuselage, airplane wheels and waterlogged children’s clothes.

  1. Only I and IV are correct
  2. Only I and II are correct
  3. Only II and III are correct
  4. I, II and III – all 3 are incorrect
  5. I, II, III and IV – all are correct

2)

I) In many ways, megalodons — the long-gone, leviathan predecessors of today’s sharks — had it made.

II) Stretching up to 50 feet in length and weighing perhaps 110,000 pounds, they ruled the ancient seas with an iron fin.

III) That bigness for the fearsome fish might have started even within their mother’s bellies, a new study suggests.

IV) Measurements taken from fossils show that even at birth, these sharks may have already been six and a half foot long, potentially a result of in-womb cannibalism that’s still characteristic of some modern sharks.

  1. Only I and IV are correct
  2. Only I and II are correct
  3. Only II and III are correct
  4. I, II and III – all 3 are correct
  5. I, II, III and IV – all are correct

3)

I) Whether these episodes have been brought to light before is hard to verify, simply because the literature of David Chang losing his cool is so vast.

II) From the moment reporters first took an interest in his cooking, Mr. Chang has been talking about and expressed regret for his failings as a cook, a manager and a human.

III) He has built a bonfire of his own shortcomings, feeding it almost every time he opened his mouth with new kindling and fresh profanities.

IV) His memoir, “Eat a Peach,” published in September, is a catalog of his anger-management problems alongside a history of his mental-health issues, which include depression and bipolar disorder.

  1. I and IV are incorrect
  2. II and III are incorrect
  3. Only II is incorrect
  4. II and IV are incorrect
  5. I, II, III and IV – all are incorrect

4)

I) Worldwide, Covid-19 has killed more than 1.5 million people, sickening millions more and short-circuited eco

II) The travel world has been on a roller coaster in 2020.

III) Even as vaccination campaigns started in the United States and Europe, countries slammed shut their borders to visitors from the United Kingdom, because of a new strain of the coronavirus.

IV) And while the number of people flying in the United States is again on the rise — topping 1 million a day on the weekend before Christmas — a patchwork of quarantine and testing regulations remains in place in many parts of the country.

  1. I and IV are incorrect
  2. II and III are incorrect
  3. Only I is incorrect
  4. II and IV are incorrect
  5. I, II, III and IV – all are incorrect

5)

I) With the presidential race and the Senate elections in Georgia decided, the mayor’s race in New York City now takes center stage, with money in the staring role.

II) The candidates are scrambling to secure donations ahead of a major fund-raising deadline this week, trying to stand out in a crowded field that will likely soon include Andrew Yang, the ex-presidential candidate.

III) An indoor fund-raiser was held over the weekend for Eric Adams, the Brooklyn borough president, even though he has received criticism for raising money indoors during the pandemic.

IV) A Marvel superhero actor has backed Maya Wiley, a former top counsel to Mayor Bill de Blasio, who seems in danger of not qualified for matching public funds.

  1. I and IV are incorrect
  2. II and III are incorrect
  3. Only I is incorrect
  4. II and IV are incorrect
  5. I, II, III and IV – all are incorrect

Paragraph fillers

Directions (6-10): In each of the following questions a short passage is given with one of the lines in the passage missing and represented by a blank. Select the best out of the five answer choices given, to make the passage complete and coherent.

6) On Saturday, weeks after Mr. Adams prompted an outcry for continuing to fund-raise indoors, another gathering of his donors took place — this time across the New York City border in Great Neck, Long Island, where indoor dining is still allowed. Mr. Adams did not attend the event, at an Asian fusion restaurant.

_______________________________. To entice his friends to attend, he played up how Mr. Adams believes in “law and order” and wants to retain a controversial exam that determines entrance to specialized high schools, Mr. Koo wrote in a text message to friends.

  1. The city might be in the midst of a second wave of the coronavirus and facing the prospect of a more transmissible variant, but that has not stopped some in-person mayoral fund-raisers
  2. And at the latest mayoral forum ahead of the Democratic primary in June, the candidates sought to pitch an ambitious idea for the city and to position themselves as authentic New Yorkers
  3. Peter Koo, a city councilman who represents Flushing, Queens, hosted the event
  4. In an interview on Sunday, Mr. Koo said it was a mistake to include that last line and that it wasn’t true
  5. He also defended the use of indoor fund-raisers, which many campaigns have avoided

7) “Fishing is a sport and fish are our game partners, that’s why we release them,” said GrégoireAuffert, 21, squatting on a parapet of the Quai Anatole France facing the Tuileries Garden across the river. _______________________.

Also, the new generation uses plastic artificial baits to lure the fish, not the natural baits like the worms still favored by beret-wearing retirees. The fish don’t swallow the lures, and fishers can hook them by their mouth cartilage, causing the least possible harm.

  1. “You would never ask a tennis player to eat the ball.”
  2. “There is a buzz, an addictive side, a repetition until you reach the moment of grace.”
  3. “In skateboarding, it’s the perfect trick. As for graffiti, it’s all about the adrenaline rush when you are in a forbidden place. When you fish, it’s about the most beautiful catch.”
  4. “The milieu has been constantly improving and the coronavirus pandemic intensified it.”
  5. During the summer, he said, “we observed a very good reproduction.”

8) Every day, the president of the National University of Singapore scans his online dashboard to see how crowded the cafeterias are.

If the real-time map shows that one cafeteria is too packed, the president, Tan EngChye, has administrators send out an advisory to avoid it and to remind students that there are campus-run food delivery services, free of charge.

Following the government’s lead, universities in Singapore, a semi-authoritarian city-state of almost six million people, have taken a top-down approach to managing the coronavirus. ___________________________________________.

  1. The goal, Professor Tan said, “is to make sure there are no infections” among the students, faculty and staff members at N.U.S.
  2. The result: Since the start of the pandemic last year, no cases of community transmission have been detected at any of Singapore’s three major universities
  3. The relative safety of the three Singapore universities — N.U.S., the Nanyang Technological University and the Singapore Management University — comes with certain trade-offs.
  4. The zoning restrictions made it complicated for students to access banking services, eat in their favorite cafeterias or organize group meetings, though they could meet friends and classmates off campus.
  5. Since those outbreaks were extinguished last fall, Singapore has averaged fewer than one locally transmitted case each day.

9) The South Korean capital is one of many places in Asia where temperatures neared or exceeded record lows this week. ________________________. Hot pots were boiled. And people who braved the elements — sometimes in places with escalating coronavirus outbreaks — turned to humor as a coping mechanism.

As the mercury in Seoul dropped below zero degrees Fahrenheit (minus 18 Celsius) on Friday, just shy of a record low that was set in 1986, people joked on social media that it felt as though they’d woken up in Siberia.

  1. Even in subtropical Hong Kong, the local weather observatory on Friday issued a rare frost warning.
  2. In Beijing, the temperature reached minus 3 degrees Fahrenheit on Thursday — the lowest since 1966
  3. In Beijing, some intrepid swimmers dove into a lake, despite strong winds and freezing temperatures.
  4. Fingers and toes went numb.
  5. In South Korea, the cold snap was exacerbated by a surprise snowstorm on Wednesday that caused a giant traffic jam in the Seoul district of Gangnam.

10) Taiwan on Monday released a new passport that puts a diplomatic spin on the concept of social distancing amid the pandemic.

The self-governing island’s official name, Republic of China, has been downsized, though it remains on the cover in Chinese characters. _____________________. The government said early in the pandemic that it was all an attempt to lessen confusion surrounding its citizens traveling during the coronavirus outbreak, and to disassociate them from people coming from mainland China.

  1. Relations between Taipei and Beijing have been deteriorating steadily, with China sending military planes into Taiwan’s airspace on a regular basis.
  2. In 2002, Taiwan added the words “Issued in Taiwan” to its passport.
  3. A few years ago, some Taiwanese citizens began altering their passports by adding stickers to them that read, “Republic of Taiwan,” angering China.
  4. The passport change is the latest salvo in the tense relationship between the island and China.
  5. The words “Taiwan Passport” appear in large bold type.

Answers :

Directions (1-5) :

1) Answer: A

Statement I is correct – it is both grammatically and contextually fine.

Statement II is incorrect due to the use of the wrong tense of the main verb ‘carry’. ‘carrying’ is in continuous form. The correct tense to use here is ‘carried’ that is past tense.

Statement III is incorrect due to wrong format ’90-minutes’. ‘Minutes’ means notes  of an event, to write in a memo or the minutes of a meeting. The correct term to use here is the ’90-minute’ which is an adjective qualifying the noun journey.

Statement IV is correct both grammatically as well as contextually.

Therefore, option A is the correct answer to this question.

2) Answer: D

Statement I is correct – it is both grammatically and contextually fine.

Statement II is correct – it is both grammatically and contextually fine.

Statement III is correct – it is both grammatically and contextually fine.

Statement IV is incorrect as the phrase ‘may have already been’ is wrongly constructed. It will be ‘might have already been’. It is the past form of “may have been”. You may use it when you are not sure of a certain thing.

Therefore, option D is the correct answer to this question.

3) Answer: C

Statement II is incorrect. Wrong tense of the verb ‘expressed’ has been used here. The correct term to use here is ‘expressing’ as the other verb’has been talking’in the main clause is in present perfect continuous tense.

Remaining 3 statements are all correct both grammatically and contextually.

This makes option C the correct choice among the given option.

4) Answer: C

Statement I is incorrect. Wrong tense of the verb’sick’ has been used here. The correct term to use here is ‘sickened’ as all other verbs are in past tense.

Remaining 3 statements are all correct both grammatically and contextually.

This makes option C the correct choice among the given option.

5) Answer: A

Statement I is incorrect. The word’staring’ which means ‘looking fixedly or vacantly at someone or something with one’s eyes wide open’ is irrelevant in the given context. The correct term to use here is ‘starring’ which means ‘denoting a principal role or performer in a film, play, or other show’.

Statement IV is incorrect. The phrase’not qualified’ is wrong.  Whenever the idiom ‘in danger of’ is used it is followed by ‘of + the -ing form of the verb’. Here the correct form will be ‘not qualifying’.

Remaining 2 statements are all correct both grammatically and contextually.

This makes option A the correct choice among the given option.

Directions (6-10):

6) Answer: C

The last point starts with ‘To entice’ and discuses about Peter Koo trying to attract friends to attend something, perhaps an event. Option Cfulfills this point.

7) Answer: A

The sentence preceding the blank talks about why fishes are being released after catching them. The sentence following the blank also talks about what are being used for such type of sports. Hence the missing sentence should talk about something related to sport and gives out a notion about a game partners and why they should not be eaten. Option A talks about another sport tennis wehere the game partner is the tennis ball. Hence option A is appropriate here.

8) Answer: B

The sentence preceding the blank talks about what precautionary measures were taken by the Singapore Government to manage the pandemic. The missing sentence hence should talk about the result. Option B is appropriate here.

9) Answer: D

The entire passage talks about the cold temperature witnessed in Seoul. There are only two options that might fit the blank, option D and E. Option E talks about a cold storm and traffic jam which has little relationship to do with why hot pots were boiled as mentioned in the sentence following the blank. Hence, option E can be eliminated. Option D is the correct choice here.

10) Answer: E

The sentence preceding the blank talks about the official name being downsized. The sentence following the blank talks about the benefit of an attempt taken during the pandemic. The missing sentence should have contained the explanation of what attempt has been made. Option E thus seems to be appropriate here.

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