SBI Clerk Prelims 2021 English Language Questions (Day-06)

Dear Aspirants, Our IBPS Guide team is providing a new series of English Language Questions for SBI Clerk Prelims 2021 so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis. These questions are framed by our skilled experts after understanding your needs thoroughly. Aspirants can practice these new series questions daily to familiarize with the exact exam pattern and make your preparation effective.

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incorrect/correct sentences.

Directions (1-5): From the options given below, select the option which states the correct combination of incorrect/correct sentences.

1) I) Top BJP leaders, workers, and supporters shower flower petals and blew conch shells to welcome Shah as he arrived in Kolkata.

II) Buoyed by its impressive gains in the 2019 election in which the BJP won 18 out of the state’s 42 parliamentary seats, the party is now hopping to replicate the performance in the 2021 West Bengal assembly.

III) Shah is scheduled to address rallies in Bankura and Kolkata on Thursday and Friday.

IV) He will visit the Dakhsineswar Temple and meet Padma BhushanPanditAjoy Chakraborty.

  1. Only I and II is correct
  2. Only III and IV are correct
  3. Only IV is incorrect
  4. Only I is incorrect
  5. All are correct


2) I)
The Sun has been an object of mystery and fascination for people for ages.

II) By advancement in technology, now it’s possible for scientists to unveil a bit of that enigma.

III) Moreover, thanks to social media profiles maintained by the different space agencies, we get a chance to witness some of the happenings involving the star.

IV) In the caption, they are writing that the comet was captured by the Parker Solar Probe, a spacecraft which was launched back in 2018 with a mission to observe the outer corona of the sun.

  1. Only II and IV are incorrect
  2. Only I is correct
  3. Only III and IV are correct
  4. Only IV is incorrect
  5. All are correct


3) I)
The Election Commission of India has called an all-party meeting in West Bengal on Monday to set the ball rolling for the crucial 2021 assembly polls in the state.

II) The chief electoral officer of West Bengal is expected to hold another meeting with district officials on the next day.

III) The official said that the maximum number of voters in a booth would be capped keeping in mind the Covid-19 situation and steps to restructure booths was already underway.

IV) While the ruling Trinamool Congress, led by its supremo Mamata Banerjee, would be fighting for its third term, the BJP, which have made impressive gains in the 2019 Lok Sabha polls clinching 18 of the 42 seats, is now eyeing the West Bengal assembly.

  1. Only III and IV are correct
  2. Only I and II is incorrect
  3. Only III and IV is incorrect
  4. Only IV is correct
  5. All are incorrect


4) I)
Delhi’s air quality has rapidly worsened for “severe” on the air quality index (AQI) on Thursday morning, as residents woke up to an AQI of 452.

II) AQI between 401 and 500 is considered to be severe, which can impact healthy people and seriously effect those with existing health conditions, according to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).

III) The AQI was in the “very poor” – between 301 and 400 — category till Wednesday afternoon, but worsened rapidly to “severe” due to a shift on meteorological conditions.

IV) Wind speed gradually reduced and become calm, which left no room for dispersal of pollutants at night.

  1. Only I and III are correct
  2. Only IV is correct
  3. Only II and IV are correct
  4. Only I and III are incorrect
  5. All are incorrect


5) I)
US President Donald Trump’s reelection campaign on Wednesday said it had filed a lawsuit in Georgia to require that Chatham County separate and secure late-arriving ballots to ensure they are not counted.

II) The lawsuit, brought against the Chatham County Board of Elections, asked a judge to order the county to secure and account for ballots received after 7 p.m. on Election Day, according to a court document released by the campaign.

III) The campaign said it filed the suit after receiving information that late-arriving ballots in the county, which includes Savannah, were improperly mingled with valid ballots.

IV) Trump’s campaign has mounted a multi-pronged legal attack in several battleground states in the wake of the tight Nov. 3 presidential election.

  1. Only II and IV are incorrect
  2. Only I and II are correct
  3. Only III and IV are incorrect
  4. Only I and III are correct
  5. All are correct


Inference based

Directions (6-10): In each of the questions given below, a passage has been given which are either situational based or describes a scenario. Below each passage, a question has been given which is framed to make you to infer something out of it. Mark out the correct inference as your answer.

6) India’s services sector expanded for the first time in eight months in October as shopping malls and restaurants reopened following the lifting of lockdown curbs, in yet another indicator of a recovery underway in Asia’s third-largest economy. The purchasing managers’ index (PMI) for services rose to 54.1 from 49.8 in September, according to data analytics firm IHS Markit. It was the highest reading since February’s 57.5. The survey findings, along with positive signals from other lead indicators, prompted the finance ministry to claim economic growth could accelerate from hereon and touch pre-Covid-19 levels by the year-end.

Which among the following can be inferred from the given passage?

  1. During the lockdown, there was no growth in India’s service sectors and they incurred losses
  2. PMI for services above 50 indicates growth and expansion in the service sector which seems to occur after reopening service-based sectors post lockdown
  3. PMI is an indicator of the inflation of the country and service sectors seem to flourish and make profits even after such a rough stage
  4. The data analytics firm HIS Markit is the only organisation which helped reach out to people regarding the growth of the service sector by using various indicators.
  5. None of the above


7) Japanese health officials have found 164 emaciated dogs crammed into a tiny house in one of the country’s worst cases of animal hoarding, an animal rights activist said on Wednesday. The parasite-infested animals were found in a 30 square-metre (323 sq foot) house in the city of Izumo, in western Japan, in mid-October after neighbours had complained, said Kunihisa Sagami, the head of animal rights group Dobutsukikin.The dogs lived crammed onto shelves and under tables and chairs.The three people living in the house said they could not afford to spay and neuter the dogs, so they kept getting more of them.Sagami said the family has agreed to give up the dogs and his group would look for foster homes for them after they got medical care.

Which among the following can be inferred from the given passage?

  1. The animal rights group thanked the family for taking care of the dogs in spite of being poor
  2. The animal rights group gave the family enough supplies to feed the dogs
  3. The Japanese family took care of the dogs but then went bankrupt because of feeding such a huge number
  4. Animal hoarding is more of a mental disorder of not keeping higher number of animals as pets, unable to take care of them and at the same time denying this inability
  5. The family had taken the dogs captive and left them without care.


8) In a departure from the recent trend which saw India’s daily infections falling below 50,000, the country in the last 24 hours registered 50,210 fresh cases, health ministry data on Thursday revealed. On Wednesday, 46,253 fresh cases were registered and on Tuesday, the number was 38,310. The rise in the number of daily infections indicates that the spread of the infection is unabated amid the festive season, but as the number of recoveries is going up, the number of active cases remain under 5 lakhs. At present, the number of active Covid-19 cases in the country is 5,27,962 which is lower than Wednesday’s number of active cases 5,33,787.

Which among the following can be said regarding the style of writing in the given passage above?

  1. Analytical
  2. Explanatory
  3. Excruciating
  4. Political
  5. Commentary


9) KarwaChauth 
is a major Hindu festival and this year it will take place on November 4. The festival is observed by married women, predominantly in Northern India. On this day women fast from sunrise till sunset, without consuming even a drop of water, as prayer for the long lives of their husbands. They get dressed up, apply henna, chanting prayers. In some parts of India, women pass around Karvas or earthen pots among themselves. When the moon rises, they look at it through a sieve or its reflection in water. They then see their husbands through the sieve, after this they offer water to the moon. Then their husbands give them water and feed them food, breaking their fast.

Select the option that is true about married Hindu women as depicted in the passage.

  1. Married Hindu women pray for their husband’s longevity and show respect to them by providing unconditional love through prayers, fast and certain traditions
  2. Married Indian women of other religion do not respect their husbands
  3. Women celebrate this day only to respect the tradition of their ancestors
  4. Women try to encourage empowerment by showing that they are strong and independent and can face hardships
  5. All of the above


10) Whether you need a device to attend online classes and to help with homework or just for entertainment – binge-watching videos, web series or playing video games – the Galaxy Tab A7 is here to suit all your needs. Galaxy Tab A7 
is a tablet with a beautiful design, combining simplicity with sophistication. With a large 26.31cm (10.4”) display, it is perfect for WFH, binge-watching, gaming and everything else in between. It’s also lightweight and super portable. You can just slip it inside your bag and take it on your next bus or train ride.

Which among the following can be said regarding the style of writing in the given passage above?

  1. Explanatory
  2. Factual
  3. Promotional
  4. Interrogatory
  5. Commentary

Answers :

Directions (1-5) :

1) Answer: B

In statement I, we see that Shah was welcomed at Kolkata and it uses the past tense because the welcoming has already taken place. Also, ‘blew conch shells…’ gives the hint of using past tense. So, instead of ‘shower’, we should use ‘showered’. In Statement II, in the phrase ‘the party is now hopping…’ the word ‘hopping’ which means to jump is wrongly and incorrectly used. It should have been ‘hoping’ with a single ‘p’ instead of hopping. Statement III and IV are both grammatically and contextually correct. This makes option B the correct answer.

 

2) Answer: A

Statement II starts with the wrong usage of preposition. ‘With’ should be used in place of ‘By’. The sentence should be ‘With advancement in technology…’. In Statement IV, the present continuous tense used ‘are witing’ is wrong grammatically because the sentence is in a past tense. It should have been ‘wrote’ in place of ‘are writing’. Statement I and III are both grammatically and contextually correct. This makes option A the correct answer.

 

3) Answer: C

In statement III, ‘booths’ is plural which means it will use ‘were’ instead of ‘was’ and the sentence should be “…restructure booths were already’’. In statement IV, BJP uses a plural verb whereas it is considered a single entity as a party even though it is made by many people. So, the sentence should be “… BJP, which has made’’ to make the sentence grammatically correct. Statement I and II are grammatically and contextually correct. This makes option C the correct answer.

 

4) Answer: B

In Statement I, we see the wrong usage of preposition. It should have been ‘…worsened to ‘’severe’’ on…’ instead of ‘…worsened for ‘’severe’’ on…’. In Statement II, the word ‘effect is contextually wrong and is not used correctly. It should have been ‘affect’ instead of effect. Affect means to haver an effect on and effect implies consequences of an action. In statement III, wrong usage of preposition is seen. Instead of ‘…shift on meteorological conditions’, it should have been ‘…shift in meteorological conditions.’ Statement IV is both grammatically and contextually correct. This makes option B the correct answer.

 

5) Answer: E

All the sentences are grammatically and contextually correct. No changes are needed in any of the sentences. This makes option E the correct answer

 

Directions (6-10)

6) Answer: B

The passage implies that there has been growth in the services sector after 8 months if lockdown. It does not say anything about the condition of the sector during lockdown, so option A is wrong. Option B says that PMI is an indicator of expansion, which is very true. The passage tells us about survey findings and other lead indicators which prompted finance minister to claim economic growth and PMI above 50 was one of the indicators mentioned. Also, it occurred in October when lockdown was lifted, so second part of the sentence is also true. There is no mention of PMI affecting inflation of the country, so option C can be rejected. Option D says that HIS Markit is the only data analytics firm to point out these details which is not true, it only explained what the PMI said. So, option D can be rejected. This makes option B the correct answer.

 

7) Answer: D

The question is a little confusing. At first it may seem none of the options add up to the answer. Option A is wrong because there is no mention of animal rights group thanking the family for taking care of the dogs, and the family only kept large number of dogs but did not care for them. Option B can be rejected because the animal rights group took away the dogs and promised to find them foster homes. Option C is incorrect because the passage clearly mentions the family being poor and not able to afford food or care for the dogs. Option E is wrong because though the family left them without care but they did not take them captive but domesticated them. This leaves option D. Option D mentions animal hoarding to be more off a mental disorder than crime which is true if we read the passage carefully. The family domesticated 164 dogs but did not care about them and did not understand that they would not be able to afford for the dogs, still they kept them and did not try to reach for help. This makes them unable to have such a thought which can be thought of as a disorder. This makes option D the correct answer.

 

8) Answer: A

The passage basically gives figures about the COVID-19 cases and based on previous trends defines some indications. The passage provides numbers and the analysis based on the numbers. This makes the passage analytical. The other options are not suitable to describe the passage. This makes option A the correct answer.

 

9) Answer: A

Option A is very true. Hindu women who are married celebrate the event to pray for their husband and as the passage depicts to show their unconditional love to their husband and places them above all in their life. Option B is wrong because there is no mention of women of other religion in the passage being disrespectful to their husbands. Option C is also not true because no such mention of compulsory celebration of the event only to respect the ancestors is given or is inferred from the passage. Option D is not true because the festival is celebrated only to pray for their husbands and not for themselves. This makes option A the correct answer.

 

10) Answer: C

The passage tells us about all the features of Galaxy Tab A7 and is written in such a way as to promote the product by pointing out all the features and the use of the product. Option A can be tempting as it explains about the features of the Galaxy A7 ta but, the style of writing is completely promotional. This makes option C the correct answer.

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