Standard Reasoning Questions with Explanation for SBI Clerk 2018 | Day-15

Dear Readers, SBI Clerk Notification has been released and Banking Aspirants were already started there preparation to crack it. As we know, Reasoning Section is getting harder day by day, additional focusing is required to increase your score in Reasoning, we IBPS Guide Team will always play a vital role in Nurturing Your Success.

To Pay Special Attention in Reasoning Questions and Answers Here we have provided the Standard Reasoning Questions and Answers for you. Practice these questions regularly to improve your Reasoning Ability. Here have also provided a Special Ebook “Become A Master in Reasoning Ability” Make use of it.

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Direction (1-5): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.

Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting in a straight line and facing north. Their weights are i.e. 56kg, 60kg, 63kg, 66kg, 70kg, 74kg, 80kg and 85kg, not necessarily in the same order. E is 70kg and two persons are sitting between E and H. H is 2nd from one of the ends. B is 2nd to the left of A. B is not neighbor of H. A and B are not sitting at any end. Only one person is lighter to B. H is lighter to E but heavier to B. D is lighter to H and neighbor of A. The one whose weight is 63kg is 2nd to the left of F. F is not neighbor of B. A is not 63kg. Two persons are sitting between the one whose weight is 80kg and the one whose weight is 56kg. The number of persons are heavier to F is same as lighter to D. A is lighter to E. G is not the heaviest person.

  1. Who among the following is the lightest in the group?
  1. B
  2. A
  3. D
  4. G
  5. C
  1. How many persons are sitting between C and A?
  1. 0
  2. 1
  3. 2
  4. 3
  5. 4
  1. Who among the following is 3rd to the left of H?
  1. E
  2. D
  3. A
  4. B
  5. C
  1. Which of the following is TRUE?
  1. B is the heaviest in the group
  2. H is neighbor of C
  3. F is lighter to only two persons
  4. B is immediate right of E
  5. Two persons are sitting between D and E
  1. How many persons are heavier to G?
  1. 0
  2. 1
  3. 2
  4. 3
  5. 4

Direction (6-10): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: welcome 35 seat 28 17 exclusive dress 43 closer 24

Step I: 176 seat welcome 35 28 exclusive dress 43 closer 24

Step II: 242 dress 176 seat welcome 35 28 exclusive 43 closer

Step III: 286 closer 242 dress 176 seat welcome 35 exclusive 43

Step IV: 352 welcome 286 closer 242 dress 176 seat exclusive 43

Step V: 431 exclusive 352 welcome 286 closer 242 dress 176 seat

Step V is the last step of the above input, as the desired arrangement is obtained.

As per the rule followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

  1. What is the sum of the number of the smallest and the highest number in the step III?
  1. 271
  2. 318
  3. 409
  4. 511
  5. 149
  1. How many elements are between “title” and “36” in the step II?
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  1. What is the position of “register” in the last step?
  1. 2nd from the left end
  2. 2nd from the right end
  3. 3rd from the left end
  4. 3rd from the right end
  5. 5th from the left end
  1. Which of the following element is 2nd to the left of “mind” in the last but one step?
  1. 231
  2. Middle
  3. Title
  4. 363
  5. Victory
  1. How many elements are there between “title” and “mind” in the step I?
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5

Answers:

Direction (1-5)

 

H is 2nd from one of the ends. E is 70kg and two persons are sitting between E and H.

Case 1:

H E
70

 

Case 2:

E H
70

 

Take case 1:

B is 2nd to the left of A. B is not neighbor of H. A and B are not sitting at any end.

H B E A
70

Only one person is lighter to B so B is 60kg. H is lighter to E but heavier to B so H is either 63 or 66kg. D is lighter to H and neighbor of A. The one whose weight is 63kg is 2nd to the left of F. F is not neighbor of B. From this A is 63kg but it is given A is not 63kg so this case gets rejected.

H B E A D F
60 70 63

 

Take Case 2:

B is 2nd to the left of A. B is not neighbor of H. A and B are not sitting at any end. Only one person is lighter to B so B is 60kg.

B E A H
60 70

 

The one whose weight is 63kg is 2nd to the left of F. F is not neighbor of B. D is lighter to H and neighbor of A so D is 63kg.

B E A D H F
60 70 63

 

The number of persons are heavier to F is same as lighter to D so F is 74kg. H is lighter to E but heavier to B so H is 66kg. A is lighter to E so A is 56kg. Two persons are sitting between the one whose weight is 80kg and the one whose weight is 56kg.

B E A D H F
85 80 60 70 56 63 66 74

G is not the heaviest person. So C is 85kg and G is 80kg.

 

Here is the final arrangement:

C G B E A D H F
85 80 60 70 56 63 66 74

 

  1. Answer: B

A is the lightest.

Hence, option B.

  1. Answer: D

3 persons are sitting between C and A.

Hence, option D.

  1. Answer: A

E is 3rd to the left of H.

Hence, option A.

  1. Answer: C

F is lighter to only two persons.

Hence, option C.

  1. Answer: B

Only one person is heavier to G.

Hence, option B.

 

Direction (6-10)

In each step, one number and one word is arranged at the left end.

Words are arranging according to the letter present in the word. In step I, “mind” has only 4 letters so it is at the left end then in step II, “title” has the 5 letters so it is at the left end so this will continue.

Number are arranging in increasing order and difference of the digit will be add to the that number.

E.G. =14 is the smallest number and (4-1=3) so final number is “143”.

Input: victory 36 67 title register 46 middle 14 23 mind

Step I: 143 mind victory 36 67 title register 46 middle 23

Step II: 231 title 143 mind victory 36 67 register 46 middle

Step III: 363 middle 231 title 143 mind victory 67 register 46

Step IV: 462 victory 363 middle 231 title 143 mind 67 register

Step V: 671 register 462 victory 363 middle 231 title 143 mind 

  1. Answer: C

Step III: 363 middle 231 title 143 mind victory 67 register 46

=363+46=409

  1. Answer: C

Step II: 231 title 143 mind victory 36 67 register 46 middle

Hence, option C.

  1. Answer: A

Step V: 671 register 462 victory 363 middle 231 title 143 mind

Hence, option A.

  1. Answer: C

Step IV: 462 victory 363 middle 231 title 143 mind 67 register

Hence, option C.

  1. Answer: C

Step I: 143 mind victory 36 67 title register 46 middle 23

Hence, option C.

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