SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practicing these vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Authoritarianism (Noun) – अधिनायकवाद
Definition: favouring or enforcing strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom.
Synonyms: autocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian, despotic, tyrannical, autarchic,
Antonyms: democratic, liberal, lenient, permissive
Usage: the transition from an authoritarian to a democratic regime
2). Plebiscite (Noun) – जनमत-संग्रह
Definition: the direct vote of all the members of an electorate on an important public question such as a change in the constitution.
Synonyms: vote, referendum, ballot, poll
Usage: the administration will hold a plebiscite for the approval of constitutional reforms
3). Detention (Noun) – नजरबंदी
Definition: the action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody.
Synonyms: custody, imprisonment, confinement, incarceration, internment, captivity, restraint, arrest
Antonyms: aid, custody, delay, help.
Usage: the fifteen people arrested were still in police detention
4). Soaring (Verb) – तेजी से वृद्धि
Definition: increase rapidly above the usual level.
Synonyms: increase rapidly, shoot up, rise rapidly, escalate, spiral upwards
Antonyms: decrease, drop, decline, fall.
Usage: the cost of living continued to soar
5). Averting (Verb) – टालना
Definition: turn away (one’s eyes or thoughts).
Synonyms: turn aside, turn away, turn to one side
Antonyms: aid, assist, help.
Usage: she averted her eyes while we made stilted conversation
6). Cite (Verb) — सराहना
Definition: praise (someone, typically a member of the armed forces) in an official report for a courageous act.
Synonyms: commend, pay tribute to, praise, recognize, give recognition to
Antonyms: conceal, deny, take, withhold, forget.
Usage: he has been cited many times for his contributions in the intelligence area
7). Prelude (Noun) – प्रस्ताव
Definition: an action or event serving as an introduction to something more important.
Synonyms: preliminary, overture, opening, preparation, introduction, start, beginning
Antonyms: Conclusion, postscript.
Usage: a ceasefire had been agreed as a prelude to full peace negotiations
8). Enclave (Noun) — अलग,विशिष्ट
Definition: a place or group that is different in character from those surrounding it.
Synonyms: distinct, vary, different.
Antonyms: same, similar, alike, close, near, homogeneous.
Usage: the engineering department is traditionally a male enclave
9). Insurgency (Noun) – विद्रोह
Definition: an active revolt or uprising.
Synonyms: activist, protest, radical, rebel.
Antonyms: loyal, government
Usage: rebels are waging an armed insurgency to topple the monarchy
10). Dissent (Noun) – असहमत होना
Definition: the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.
Synonyms: disagreement, lack of agreement, difference of opinion, argument, dispute
Antonyms: assent, agree, accept
Usage: there was no dissent from this view
11). Salvage (Verb) – उबार
Definition: rescue (a wrecked or disabled ship or its cargo) from loss at sea.
Synonyms: rescue, save, recover, retrieve, raise, reclaim, get back
Antonyms: lose, forfeit, harm, hurt, abandon.
Usage: an emerald and gold cross was salvaged from the wreck
12). Manoeuvring (Verb) – पैंतरेबाजी करना
Definition: move skilfully or carefully.
Synonyms: steer, guide, drive, negotiate, navigate, pilot, direct, manipulate, move
Antonyms: ignorance, inaction, stoppage, honesty.
Usage: the lorry was unable to manoeuvre comfortably in the narrow street
13). Beleaguered (Verb) – परेशान होना
Definition: put in a very difficult situation.
Synonyms: hard-pressed, troubled, in difficulties, under pressure, under stress, with one’s back to
Antonyms: assist, aid, make happy, assist.
Usage: the board is supporting the beleaguered director
14). Viable (Adjective) – व्यवहार्य
Definition: capable of working successfully; feasible.
Synonyms: workable, feasible, practicable, practical, applicable, usable, manageable, operable, operational, possible
Antonyms: impracticable, impossible, unfeasible.
Usage: the proposed investment was economically viable