The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – Day 157

SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practicing these vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”

The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary from Day 1 – Click Here
Important English Vocabulary from “The Economist” – Free PDF
Daily Editorial Pages from All Popular News Papers

 

1). Authoritarianism (Noun) अधिनायकवाद

Definition:  favouring or enforcing strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom.

Synonyms: autocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian, despotic, tyrannical, autarchic,

draconian, absolute

Antonyms: democratic, liberal, lenient, permissive

Usage: the transition from an authoritarian to a democratic regime

 

2). Plebiscite (Noun) – जनमत-संग्रह

Definition: the direct vote of all the members of an electorate on an important public question such as a change in the constitution.

Synonyms:  vote, referendum, ballot, poll

Usage: the administration will hold a plebiscite for the approval of constitutional reforms

 

3). Detention (Noun) – नजरबंदी

Definition: the action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody.

Synonyms: custody, imprisonment, confinement, incarceration, internment, captivity, restraint, arrest

Antonyms: aid, custody, delay, help.

Usage: the fifteen people arrested were still in police detention

 

4). Soaring (Verb) – तेजी से वृद्धि

Definition: increase rapidly above the usual level.

Synonyms:  increase rapidly, shoot up, rise rapidly, escalate, spiral upwards

Antonyms: decrease, drop, decline, fall.

Usage: the cost of living continued to soar

 

5). Averting (Verb) – टालना

Definition: turn away (one’s eyes or thoughts).

Synonyms: turn aside, turn away, turn to one side

Antonyms: aid, assist, help.

Usage: she averted her eyes while we made stilted conversation

 

6). Cite (Verb) — सराहना

Definition: praise (someone, typically a member of the armed forces) in an official report for a courageous act.

Synonyms: commend, pay tribute to, praise, recognize, give recognition to

Antonyms: conceal, deny, take, withhold, forget.

Usage: he has been cited many times for his contributions in the intelligence area

 

7). Prelude (Noun) – प्रस्ताव

Definition: an action or event serving as an introduction to something more important.

Synonyms:  preliminary, overture, opening, preparation, introduction, start, beginning

Antonyms: Conclusion, postscript.

Usage: a ceasefire had been agreed as a prelude to full peace negotiations

 

8). Enclave (Noun) — अलग,विशिष्ट

Definition: a place or group that is different in character from those surrounding it.

Synonyms: distinct, vary, different.

Antonyms: same, similar, alike, close, near, homogeneous.

Usage: the engineering department is traditionally a male enclave

 

9). Insurgency (Noun) – विद्रोह

Definition: an active revolt or uprising.

Synonyms: activist, protest, radical, rebel.

Antonyms: loyal, government

Usage: rebels are waging an armed insurgency to topple the monarchy

 

10). Dissent (Noun) – असहमत होना

Definition: the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.

Synonyms:  disagreement, lack of agreement, difference of opinion,  argument, dispute

Antonyms: assent, agree, accept

Usage: there was no dissent from this view

 

11). Salvage (Verb) – उबार

Definition: rescue (a wrecked or disabled ship or its cargo) from loss at sea.

Synonyms:  rescue, save, recover, retrieve, raise, reclaim, get back

Antonyms: lose, forfeit, harm, hurt, abandon.

Usage: an emerald and gold cross was salvaged from the wreck

 

12). Manoeuvring (Verb) – पैंतरेबाजी करना

Definition: move skilfully or carefully.

Synonyms: steer, guide, drive, negotiate, navigate, pilot, direct, manipulate, move

Antonyms: ignorance, inaction, stoppage, honesty.

Usage: the lorry was unable to manoeuvre comfortably in the narrow street

 

13). Beleaguered (Verb) – परेशान होना

Definition: put in a very difficult situation.

Synonyms:  hard-pressed, troubled, in difficulties, under pressure, under stress, with one’s back to

Antonyms: assist, aid, make happy, assist.

Usage: the board is supporting the beleaguered director

 

14). Viable (Adjective) – व्यवहार्य

Definition: capable of working successfully; feasible.

Synonyms: workable, feasible, practicable, practical, applicable, usable, manageable, operable, operational, possible

Antonyms:  impracticable, impossible, unfeasible.

Usage: the proposed investment was economically viable

 

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