SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practicing these vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Inevitability (Noun) — अनिवार्यता
Definition: the quality of being certain to happen.
Synonyms: essential, fundamental, cause.
Antonyms: extra, auxiliary, desire.
Usage: there was an air of inevitability about the outcome
2). Franchise (Noun) – मताधिकार
Definition: an authorization granted by a government or company to an individual or group enabling them to carry out specified commercial activities, for example acting as an agent for a company’s products.
Synonyms: warrant, charter, licence, permit, authorization, permission, sanction
Usage: Toyota granted the group a franchise
3). Inception (Noun) – आरंभ का
Definition: the establishment or starting point of an institution or activity.
Synonyms: establishment, institution, foundation, founding, formation, initiation,
setting up, origination, constitution
Antonyms: end, complete, finish.
Usage: she has been on the board since its inception two years ago
4). Pivotal (Adjective) – केंद्रीय
Definition: of crucial importance in relation to the development or success of something else.
Synonyms: central, crucial, vital, critical, focal, essential, key, significant, important, determining, decisive, deciding
Antonyms: minor, trivial, secondary.
Usage: Japan’s pivotal role in the world economy
5). Triumphed (Verb) – विजयी होना
Definition: achieve a victory; be successful.
Synonyms: win, succeed, be successful, come first, be the victor, be victorious, gain a victory, carry the day
Antonyms: lose, fail, be defeated by
Usage: they had no chance of triumphing over the Nationalists
6). Unflappable (Adjective) — स्थिर
Definition: having or showing calmness in a crisis.
Synonyms: imperturbable, unexcitable, cool, calm, collected, cool, calm, and collected, controlled, self-controlled
Antonyms: temperamental, mercurial, volatile, emotional, sensitive, highly strung, easily upset, easily agitated
Usage: I prided myself on being unflappable even in the most chaotic circumstances
7). Gamut (Noun) – पूरा दायरा
Definition: the complete range or scope of something.
Synonyms: range, spectrum, span, sweep, compass, scope, area, breadth, width,
reach, extent, catalogue, scale
Antonyms: stand still, leave.
Usage: the whole gamut of human emotion
8). Demeanour (Noun) – आचरण
Definition: outward behaviour or bearing.
Synonyms: manner, air, attitude, appearance, look, aspect, mien, cast
Antonyms: properness, propriety, impropriety, improperness, modesty
Usage: his happy demeanour
9). Antidote (Noun) – विषहर औषद
Definition: something that counteracts an unpleasant feeling or situation.
Synonyms: cure, corrective, nostrum.
Usage: laughter is a good antidote to stress
10). Frenzied (Adjective) – क्रोधित,उन्माद
Definition: wildly excited or uncontrolled.
Synonyms: frantic, wild, frenetic, hectic, fraught, feverish, fevered, mad,
crazed, manic, hyperactive, energetic
Usage: a frenzied attack
11). Colossus (Noun) – प्रकांड व्यक्ति या साम्राज्य
Definition: a person or thing of enormous size, importance, or ability.
Usage: the Russian Empire was the colossus of European politics
12). Preparatory (Adjective) – आरंभ का
Definition: serving as or carrying out preparation for a task or undertaking.
Synonyms: preliminary, initial, prior, introductory, prefatory, opening, basic,
elementary, fundamental, rudimentary, preparative
Antonyms: secondary, substitute.
Usage: more preparatory work is needed
13). Tainted (Verb) – दूषित
Definition: affect with a bad or undesirable quality.
Synonyms: tarnish, sully, blacken, stain, besmirch, smear, blot, blemish,
stigmatize, mar, corrupt, defile.
Antonyms: improve, clean.
Usage: his administration was tainted by scandal
14). Nudged (Verb) – प्रोत्साहित करना
Definition: coax or gently encourage (someone) to do something.
Synonyms: prompt, encourage, coax, stimulate, prod, jog
Antonyms: suppress, discourage.
Usage: we have to nudge the politicians in the right direction
15). Anxiety (Noun) – व्यग्रता
Definition: a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease about something with an uncertain outcome.
Synonyms: worry, concern, apprehension, apprehensiveness, consternation, uneasiness, unease
Antonyms: calmness, serenity
Usage: he felt a surge of anxiety