SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Cursory (Adjective)
Definition: hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed.
Synonyms: perfunctory, desultory, casual, superficial, token, uninterested, half-hearted, inattentive, unthinking
Antonyms: thorough, painstaking
Usage: a cursory glance at the figures
2).Ad Valorem (Adjective)
Definition: (of the levying o f tax or customs duties) in proportion to the estimated value of the goods or transaction concerned.
Usage: ad valorem stamp duty at the rate of 1 per cent is payable
3). Anomaly (Noun)
Definition: something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected.
Synonyms: oddity, peculiarity, abnormality, irregularity, inconsistency, incongruity, deviation, aberration
Antonyms: usual, conformity, regularity.
Usage: there are a number of anomalies in the present system
4). Embolden (Verb)
Definition: give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something.
Synonyms: give courage, make brave/braver, encourage, hearten, strengthen, fortify, stiffen the resolve of, lift the morale of
Antonyms: dishearten, discourage
Usage: emboldened by the claret, he pressed his knee against hers
5). Paucity (Noun)
Definition: the presence of something in only small or insufficient quantities or amounts.
Synonyms: absence, deficiency, insufficient.
Antonyms: abundance, enough, plenty.
Usage: a paucity of information
6). Rampant (Adjective)
Definition: (especially of something unwelcome) flourishing or spreading unchecked.
Synonyms: uncontrolled, unrestrained, unchecked, unbridled, widespread, pandemic, epidemic, pervasive
Antonyms: mild, controlled, under control.
Usage: political violence was rampant
7). Lethal (Adjective)
Definition: very harmful or destructive.
Synonyms: fatal, deadly, mortal, causing death, death-dealing, life-threatening, murderous, homicidal
Antonyms: harmless, safe
Usage: the Krakatoa eruption was the most lethal on record
8). Chunk (Noun)
Definition: a thick, solid piece of something.
Synonyms: lump, hunk, wedge, block, slab, square, nugget, nub, brick, cube, bar,
Antonyms: whole, full.
Usage: huge chunks of masonry littered the street
9). Loopholes (Noun)
Definition: an ambiguity or inadequacy in the law or a set of rules.
Synonyms: means of evasion/avoidance, means of escape, escape clause, escape route
Antonyms: be captured, be imprisoned
Usage: they exploited tax loopholes
10). Purview (Noun)
Definition: range of experience or thought.
Synonyms: attitude, apprehension, attention.
Antonyms: ignorance, misconception, mistake.
Usage: social taboos meant that little information was likely to come within the purview of women generally