The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – Day 20

Dear Readers, Here we have given The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary helpful for Upcoming Bank PO, SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it.

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1) Propensity (Noun) प्रवृत्ति

Definition: An inclination or natural tendency to behave in a particular way.

Synonyms: Tendency, Inclination, Predisposition, Proneness

Antonyms: Disinclination, Dislike, Hate, Hatred

Usage: It is in the nature of our polity to use any opportunity possible for political signalling, and the Bharat Ratna, the nation’s highest civilian honour, has not been spared from this propensity.


2)  Bemuse (Verb) स्तब्ध करना

Definition: Puzzle, confuse, or bewilder (someone).

Synonyms: Bewildered, Confused, Puzzled, Perplexed

Antonyms: Clearheaded

Usage: He agreed to speak at an RSS event last year to the bemused disapproval of the Congress party was held out as a reason.


3) Embrace (Verb) आलिंगन करना

Definition: Hold (someone) closely in one’s arms, especially as a sign of affection.

Synonyms: Clutch, Seize, Grab

Antonyms: Reject

Usage: The award has been a part of the BJP’s strategy of embracing old Congress leaders such as Vallabhbhai Patel to highlight that its real opposition is to the Nehru-Gandhi family.


4)  Thwart (Verb) – विरोध करना

Definition: Oppose (a plan, attempt, or ambition) successfully.

Synonyms: Foil, Frustrate, Balk

Antonyms: Assist, Facilitate

Usage: It is no secret that Mr. Mukherjee’s political ambitions were thwarted at one point by his inability to break the hold of dynastic politics in the Congress.


5) Decry (Verb)  सार्वजनिक रूप से निंदा करना 

Definition: Publicly denounce.

Synonyms: Denounce, Condemn, Criticize, Censure

Antonyms: Praise, Overrate

Usage: The FBI Director, a Trump appointee, was among the senior functionaries who decried the governmental dysfunction.


6) Prolong (Verb) – लंबा करना

Definition: Extend the duration of.

Synonyms: Lengthen, Elongate

Antonyms: Shorten

Usage: If the Trump team had hoped a prolonged government shutdown would break the Democratic Party’s rank and file, it didn’t happen.


7) Ransom (Noun)— फिरौती

Definition: A sum of money demanded or paid for the release of a captive.

Synonyms: Pay-off, Payment, Price

Usage: Mr. Trump will be better off if he realises that holding the government to ransom to extract compromises from Congress is not a sound tactic for a President.


8) Confrontational (Adjective) — टकराव

Definition: Tending to deal with situations in an aggressive way; hostile or argumentative.

Synonyms: Battle, Combat, Competition

Antonyms: Concord, Harmony, Peace

Usage: He could adopt a less confrontational approach towards Democrats and hold talks with them with an open mind on immigration and border security.


9) Empirical (Adjective) — अनुभवजन्य

Definition: Based on, concerned with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic.

Synonyms: Observed, Seen, Factual, Actual, Real

Antonyms: Theoretical

Usage: The implementation or evaluation of any policy decision must consider not just abstract reasoning but base it on empirical and historical evidence.


10) Futility (Noun) — निरर्थकता

Definition: Pointlessness or uselessness.

Synonyms: Fruitlessness, Vanity, Pointlessness

Antonyms: Usefulness, Fruitfulness

Usage: Much has been said by commentators and political party representatives about the futility of using the EVM because of the possibility of electoral fraud by manipulating the technology that drives the machine.

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