SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Fragile (adjective) — नाजुक
Definition: Easily broken or easily injured, a small possibility.
Synonyms: breakable, delicate, frail, frangible, delicate, sensitive, tender
Antonyms: nonbreakable, strong, sturdy, tough, unbreakable
Usage: There is a fragile possibility that we may emerge from this fiasco unscathed.
2). Muted (adjective) — शांत किया हुआ
Definition: Something that is toned down, reduced in strength.
Synonyms: low-key, subdued, subtle, hushed, noiseless, quiet, quieted, silent, soundless, still, stilly
Antonyms: noisy, rackety, unquiet, uproarious, flamboyant, flaring, flashy, garish, gaudy, glitzy, loud, noisy, ostentatious
Usage: The government chose a more muted response to the threat.
3). Overshadow (verb) — अस्पष्ट करना
Definition: To make dark or indistinct, to be greater in importance than other things
Synonyms: becloud, bedim, befog, blacken, blear, blur, cloud, darken, dim, fog, fuzz (up), haze, mist, obscure, overcast, overcloud, shadow, shroud
Antonyms: brighten, illuminate, illumine, light (up), lighten,
Usage: The pitcher’s outstanding performance should not overshadow the achievements of the rest of the team.
5). Ouster (noun) — बहिष्कार करना
Definition: A wrongful disposition, a judgement removing an officer from power.
Synonyms: Wrongfulness, folly, fire (someone), expulsion
Antonyms: Goodness, positives, retainment, inclusion
Usage: The news reported the ouster of the dictator.
6). Strictures (noun) — बाध्यताओं
Definition: something that closely restrains or limits, an adverse criticism
Synonyms: rules,censure, commination, condemnation, denunciation, excoriation, rebuke, reprimand, reproach, reproof, riot act
Antonyms: citation, commendation, endorsement
Usage: Only a small percentage of people abide by the moral strictures promoted by religious groups.
7). Pervasive (adjective) – व्यापक
Definition: existing in or spreading through every part of something
Synonyms: prevalent, penetrating, pervading, permeating, extensive, ubiquitous, omnipresent, present everywhere, rife, widespread
Antonyms: rare, uncommon, atypical, singular, unusual, unfamiliar
Usage: Television’s pervasive influence on our culture is becoming more and more evident.
8). Tokenism (noun) – टोकनवाद या प्रतीकात्मक
Definition: the policy or practice of making only a symbolic effort
Synonyms: symbolic, representational, emblematic, figurative,
Antonyms: actual, literal, real, effective, nonsymbolic.
Usage: The conduct of annual drug tests on some 3.25 lakh employees is a piece of tokenism.
9). Abhorrent (adjective) — घिनौनापन
Definition: Feeling of strong dislike or hatred
Synonyms: abominable, appalling, awful, disgusting, distasteful, dreadful, evil, foul, fulsome, gross
Antonyms: acceptable, agreeable, alluring, appealing, attractive, blessed, desirable
Usage: The show itself has always been abhorrent, repugnant, and inconsistent with our values.
10). Profiteer (noun) – मुनाफाखोर
Definition: one who makes an unreasonable profit especially on the sale of essential goods during times of emergency
Synonyms: extortionist, extortioner, racketeer, exploiter, black marketeer
Antonyms: unprofited, respectable, honorable, ethical
Usage: In many cases, the war profiteers also have positions within the state.