SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Personnel (noun) – कार्मिक
Definition: people employed in an organization or engaged in an organized undertaking such as military service.
Synonyms: staff, employees, workforce, workers, labour force, manpower, human resources, people
Antonyms: person, unemployed person, unskilled
Usage: Many of the personnel involved require training
2). Adjudicate (verb) — अधिनिर्णय करना
Definition: make a formal judgement on a disputed matter, to judge.
Synonyms: judge, adjudge, try, hear, examine, arbitrate, decide on, decide, settle, resolve
Antonyms: bystand, equivocate, pussyfoot, skirt
Usage: We asked him to adjudicate at the local flower show
3). Contour (noun) — समोच्च रेखा
Definition: the outer limits of an object or surface
Synonyms: figure, outline, silhouette, boundary, limits
Antonyms: area, space, unlimited, endless, expanse
Usage: The artist defined the contours of his art by using swift black lines.
4). Construed (verb) – स्पष्ट करना
Definition: to make plain or understandable
Synonyms: clarify, clear (up), demonstrate, demystify, elucidate, explain, explicate, expound
Antonyms: obscure, befog, cloud, confound, confuse, obfuscate
Usage: The role of the justices of the Supreme Court is to construe the constitution
5). Misdemeanor (noun) – दुष्कर्म
Definition: a crime that is less serious than a felony
Synonyms: misconduct, misbehave, wrong, ill-mannered
Antonyms: good conduct, well-behaved, well-mannered
Usage: His misdemeanor could get him expelled from the school.
6). Spectacle (noun) – तमाशा
Definition: an eye-catching public display
Synonyms: circus, extravaganza, pageant, spectacular, exhibit, show
Antonyms: ordinary, not special, usual, boring, normal
Usage: The multimedia spectacles that have become established parts of the opening and closing ceremonies for the Olympic Games
7). Entail (verb) – शामिल करना या लागू करना
Definition: to impose, involve, or imply as a necessary accompaniment or result
Synonyms: carry, comprehend, contain, embrace, encompass, include, involve, number, subsume, take in
Antonyms: exclude, leave (out), omit, except, reject
Usage: The project will entail considerable expense.
8). Resilience (noun) — लचीलाता
Definition: the capacity to recover quickly from difficulties; toughness.
Synonyms: flexibility, pliability, strength, springiness
Antonyms: weakness, inflexibility, inflexible
Usage: He exhibited great resilience throughout the match.
9). Doughty (adjective) – हिम्मती
Definition: brave and persistent.
Synonyms: fearless, dauntless, determined, resolute, indomitable, intrepid, plucky, spirited
Antonyms: weak, timid, cowardly, fearful
Usage: His doughty spirit kept him going throughout the game.
10). Emulate (verb) — सोत्साह अनुकरण करना
Definition: to strive to be equal, to create something same in meaning or effect to another
Synonyms: add up (to), amount (to), come (to), correspond (to), equal
Antonyms: unequal, unsimilar, different, unrelated
Usage: She grew up emulating her sports heroes.