SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
- Dissolute (adjective) – विघटित
Definition: a person who is overindulging in sensual pleasures.
Synonyms: dissipated, debauched, decadent, intemperate, profligate, abandoned, self-indulgent
Antonyms: austere, self-denying, abstinent, abstemious, non-indulgent, self-disciplined, frugal
Usage: Their son would not become the next leader since he was reckless and dissolute.
- Vitiated (verb) – भ्रष्ट करना
Definition: destroy or impair the legal validity or quality of.
Synonyms: abase, cheapen, corrupt, debase, debauch, degrade, demean, demoralize, deprave, deteriorate
Antonyms: dignify, elevate, ennoble, enshrine, glorify, hallow, magnify, uplift
Usage: The insurance is vitiated because of foolish acts on the part of the tenant
- Daunting (verb) – चुनौतीपूर्ण
Definition: difficult to deal with, to make someone feel intimidated or apprehensive
Synonyms: intimidating, formidable, disconcerting, unnerving, unsettling, dismaying
Antonyms: encourage, hearten, uplift, inspire, motivate, invigorate, stimulate
Usage: He daringly took on the daunting task of negotiating peace talks between the two countries.
- Indiscriminate (noun) — अंधाधुंध
Definition: done at random or without careful judgement.
Synonyms: non-selective, unselective, undiscriminating, uncritical, aimless
Antonyms: targeted, selective, critical, aimed
Usage: The indiscriminate use of antibiotics can cause problems
- Buoyant (adjective) — उत्प्लावक
Definition: able or tending to keep afloat or rise to the top of a liquid or gas, cheerful.
Synonyms: cheerful, cheery, happy, light-hearted, carefree, bright, glad, merry, joyful, bubbly
Antonyms: depressed, pessimistic, negative, careful
Usage: The conference ended with the party in a buoyant mood
- Misdemeanor (noun) – दुष्कर्म
Definition: a crime that is less serious than a felony
Synonyms: misconduct, misbehave, wrong, ill-mannered
Antonyms: good conduct, well-behaved, well-mannered
Usage: His misdemeanor could get him expelled from the school.
- Tandem (adjective) — अग्रानुक्रम
Definition: having two things arranged one in front of the other.
Synonyms: alongside, together, one after another, simultaneous
Antonyms: singular, one, not together, separate
Usage: The country was struggling to deal with the tandem issues of terrorist influence and political unrest.
- Stimulus (noun) – प्रोत्साहन
Definition: something that causes excitement and creates energy in someone
Synonyms: spur, stimulant, encouragement, impetus, boost, prompt, prod, incentive, inducement
Antonyms: deterrent, discouragement, disappointment, dejection
Usage: If the tax were abolished, it would act as a stimulus to exports
- Profiteer (noun) — मुनाफाखोर
Definition: one who makes an unreasonable profit especially on the sale of essential goods during times of emergency
Synonyms: extortionist, extortioner, racketeer, exploiter, black marketeer
Antonyms: unprofited, respectable, honorable, ethical
Usage: In many cases, the war profiteers also have positions within the state.
- Fiscal (adjective) — राजकोषीय
Definition: relating to government revenue, especially taxes.
Synonyms: tax, budgetary, revenue; financial, economic, monetary, money, pecuniary, capital
Antonyms: nonfinancial, unmaterialistic, unrelated to money
Usage: The government’s fiscal policies need to change from time to time to adapt to the growing economy.