SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
- Brink (noun) – कगार
Definition: a point at which something, typically something unwelcome, is about to happen; the verge.
Synonyms: verge, edge, threshold, point, dawn, margin, end
Antonyms: beginning, start, onset, launch, outset, inception, area
Usage: the country was on the brink of a constitutional crisis
- Austerity (noun) — वित्तीय बाधाएं
Definition: difficult economic conditions created by government measures to reduce public expenditure.
Synonyms: budget, restriction, financial constraints, cuts, saving
Antonyms: extravagance, luxury, expenditure, spending, excessive
Usage: the country was subjected to acute economic austerity
- Strife (noun) – संघर्ष या विग्रह
Definition: angry or bitter disagreement over fundamental issues; conflict.
Synonyms: conflict, friction, discord, disagreement, dissension, variance, dispute, argument, quarrelling, wrangling
Antonyms: harmony, agreement, unison, unity, euphony, consonance
Usage: There was considerable strife within the community
- Buffer (verb) – कम करना
Definition: lessen or moderate the impact of (something).
Synonyms: cushion, absorb, soften, lessen, diminish, moderate, mitigate, allay, deaden, muffle, stifle, shield
Antonyms: worsen, aggravate, exacerbate, make worse, compound, add to, intensify, increase, magnify
Usage: the massage helped to buffer the strain
- Onerous (adjective) – कष्टदायक
Definition: (of a task or responsibility) involving a great deal of effort, trouble, or difficulty.
Synonyms: burdensome, heavy, inconvenient, troublesome, awkward, crushing, back-breaking, oppressive
Antonyms: easy, simple, undemanding, uncomplicated, effortless, unchallenging, painless, straightforward
Usage: he found his duties increasingly onerous
- Stagger (verb) – विचलता , चौंका देना
Definition: astonish or deeply shock.
Synonyms: astonish, amaze, nonplus, startle, astound, surprise, bewilder, stun, flabbergast
Antonyms: expected, unsurprising, known, planned, not shocking, usual, mundane, ordinary, normal
Usage: I was staggered to find it was six o’clock
- Sacrilege (noun) — अपवित्रीकरण
Definition: violation or misuse of what is regarded as sacred.
Synonyms: desecration, profanity, profaneness, profanation, blasphemy, impiety, impiousness, sin, irreverence, irreligion, irreligiousness,
Antonyms: worship, follow, respect, piousness, faith, reverence, religion, religiousness
Usage: putting ecclesiastical vestments to secular use was considered sacrilege
- Fraught (adjective) – भरा हुआ
Definition: (of a situation or course of action) filled with (something undesirable).
Synonyms: full of, filled with, swarming with, rife with, thick with, bristling with, charged with, loaded with
Antonyms: not containing, without, absence of, lacking, short of, not including
Usage: marketing any new product is fraught with danger
- Malicious (adjective) — दुर्भावनापूर्ण
Definition: characterized by malice; intending or intended to do harm
Synonyms: spiteful, malevolent, hostile, bitter, venomous, poisonous, evil-intentioned, ill-natured, evil, baleful, vindictive, vengeful, vitriolic, rancorous, malignant, pernicious, mean
Antonyms: good-willed, well wishing, pleasant, helpful, caring, positive
Usage: he was found guilty of malicious damage
- Outrage (noun) – अधिक क्रोध
Definition: an extremely strong reaction of anger, shock, or indignation.
Synonyms: indignation, fury, anger, rage, disapproval, wrath, shock, resentment, horror, disgust, amazement
Antonyms: calm, tranquil, peaceful, without worry, not angered, enjoyable
Usage: her voice trembled with outrage
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