SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Reprieve (Verb) – दण्डविराम करना
Definition: cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death).
Synonyms: grant a stay of execution to, cancel/postpone/commute/remit someone’s punishment
Antonyms: charge, punish
Usage: under the new regime, prisoners under sentence of death were reprieved
2). Intervene (Verb) — हस्तक्षेप करना
Definition: take part in something so as to prevent or alter a result or course of events.
Synonyms: intercede, involve oneself, get involved, interpose oneself, insinuate oneself, step in.
Antonyms: separated, ignore.
Usage: he acted outside his authority when he intervened in the dispute
3). Liquidated (Verb) — परिसमाप्त करना
Definition: wind up the affairs of (a business) by ascertaining liabilities and apportioning assets
Synonyms: close down, wind up, put into liquidation, dissolve, break up, disband, terminate
Antonyms: remain, fail, fall.
Usage: if the company was liquidated, there would be enough funds released to honour the debts
4). Attributed (Verb) — जिम्मेदार ठहराना
Definition: regard something as being caused by.
Synonyms: ascribe, assign, accredit, credit, impute, allot, allocate
Antonyms: disconnect, separate.
Usage: he attributed the firm’s success to the efforts of the managing director
5). Emphasis (Noun) – प्रमुखता देना
Definition: special importance, value, or prominence given to something.
Synonyms: prominence, importance, significance
Antonyms: de-emphasis, unimportant, trivial
Usage: they placed great emphasis on the individual’s freedom
6). Purview (Noun) – अवधारणा
Definition: the scope of the influence or concerns of something.
Synonyms: attitude, idea, concept
Antonyms: blindness, ignorance.
Usage: such a case might be within the purview of the legislation
7). Espionage (Noun) – जासूसी
Definition: the practice of spying or of using spies, typically by governments to obtain political and military information.
Synonyms: spying, undercover work, cloak-and-dagger activities, surveillance, reconnaissance, intelligence
Antonyms: following, foolish
Usage: the camouflage and secrecy of espionage
8). Archaic (Adjective) – प्राचीन
Definition: very old or old-fashioned.
Synonyms: obsolete, obsolescent, out of date, anachronistic, old-fashioned, outmoded, behind the times
Antonyms: new, modern.
Usage: prisons are run on archaic methods
9). Innumerable (Adjective) — असंख्य
Definition: too many to be counted (often used hyperbolically).
Synonyms: countless, numerous, very many, manifold, multitudinous, multifarious, untold, incalculable
Antonyms: few, countable.
Usage: innumerable flags of all colours
10). Muster (Verb) — इकट्ठा करना
Definition: assemble (troops), especially for inspection or in preparation for battle.
Synonyms: assemble, bring together, call together, marshal, mobilize, rally, round up, raise, summon
Antonyms: disperse, separate, split.
Usage: 17,000 men had been mustered on Haldon Hill