SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Contingent (Adjective) – आकस्मिक
Definition: subject to chance, occurring or existing only if (certain circumstances) are the case; dependent on.
Synonyms:chance, accidental, fortuitous, possible, unforeseen, unforeseeable, unexpected, unpredicted, unpredictable, unanticipated
Antonyms: designed, planned, essential, certain, definite
Usage: the contingent nature of the job
2). Unilateral (Adjective) – एकपक्षीय, एकतरफा
Definition: (of an action or decision) performed by or affecting only one person, group, or country involved in a situation, without the agreement of another or the others.
Synonyms: one-sided, independent
Antonyms: bilateral, many-sided, multi-lateral
Usage: unilateral nuclear disarmament
3). Wedge (Verb) – पच्चर करना
Definition: force into a narrow space
Synonyms: squeeze, cram, jam, crush, pack, thrust, ram, force, push, stow
Antonyms: dislodge, unfasten, defend, loose, distributed
Usage: she wedged her holdall between two bags
4). Discomfiture (Noun) – शर्मिंदगी, संघर्ष, बेचैनी
Definition: a feeling of unease or embarrassment; awkwardness.
Synonyms:embarrassment, unease, uneasiness, awkwardness, discomfort, discomposure, abashment, confusion, agitation
Antonyms: ascent, attainment, calm, creation, delight, peace
Usage: many MPs are secretly enjoying his discomfiture
5). Rebuff (Verb) –अस्वीकार करना
Definition: reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner.
Synonyms: reject, turn down, spurn, refuse, decline, repudiate, disdain
Antonyms: accept, welcome
Usage: I asked her to be my wife, and was rebuffed in no uncertain terms
6). Indictment (Noun) – अभियोग
Definition: a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.
Synonyms: charge, accusation, arraignment, citation, summons
Antonyms: praise, absolution, acquittal, exoneration
Usage: an indictment for conspiracy
7). Agglomeration (Noun) –संग्रह या संयोजन
Definition: a mass or collection of things; an assemblage.
Synonyms: collection, mass, cluster, lump, clump, pile, heap, bunch, stack, bundle, quantity, hoard, store, stockpile
Antonyms: disperse, dab, diffusion, breakdown, anatomy, crumb
Usage: the arts centre is an agglomeration of theatres, galleries, shops, restaurants and bars
8). Accord (Verb) – किसी को शक्ति, स्थिति, या मान्यता देना ।
Definition: give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).
Synonyms: give, grant, tender, present, award, hand, vouchsafe, concede, yield, cede
Antonyms: withhold, remove
Usage: the powers accorded to the head of state
9). Enact (Verb) – क़ानून अमल में लाना
Definition: make (a bill or other proposal) law
Synonyms: pass, approve, ratify, validate, sanction, authorize, accept
Antonyms: fail, direct, hinder, miss, prevent, repeal
Usage: legislation was enacted to attract international companies
10). Undermine (Verb) –दुर्बल करना
Definition: lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.
Synonyms: subvert, sabotage, threaten, weaken, compromise, diminish, reduce, impair, mar, spoil, ruin, impede, hinder, damage, hurt, injure, cripple, disable, enfeeble, sap, shake
Antonyms: enhance, improve, strengthen
Usage: this could undermine years of hard work