SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Controversial (adjective) — विवादास्पद
Definition: giving rise or likely to give rise to controversy or public disagreement.
Synonyms: contentious, disputed, contended, at issue, moot, disputable, debatable, arguable
Antonyms: uncontroversial, anodyne
Usage: years of wrangling over a controversial bypass
2). Obligations (Noun) — दायित्वों
Definition: a debt of gratitude for a service or favour.
Synonyms: contract, agreement, deed, covenant, bond, treaty, deal, pact, compact,
Antonyms: favour, support, agree.
Usage: she didn’t want to be under an obligation to him
3). Erecting (Verb) — खड़ा करना
Definition: put together and set upright (a building, wall, or other structure).
Synonyms: build, construct, put up
Antonyms: demolish, dismantle
Usage: the guest house was erected in the eighteenth century
4). Curbing (Verb) – को रोकना
Definition: restrain or keep in check.
Synonyms: restrain, hold back, keep back, hold in, repress, suppress, fight back, bite back, keep in check
Antonyms: free, set free, let go, allow to leave, set/let/turn loose, let out, liberate, set at liberty, deliver
Usage: she promised she would curb her temper
5). Discrepancies (Noun) — विसंगतियां
Definition: an illogical or surprising lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts.
Synonyms: inconsistency, difference, disparity, variance, variation, deviation,
Usage: there’s a discrepancy between your account and his
6). Perils (Noun) — ख़तरा
Definition: serious and immediate danger.
Synonyms: danger, jeopardy, risk, riskiness, hazard, insecurity, uncertainty, menace, threat, perilousness
Antonyms: safety, security
Usage: you could well place us both in peril
7). Linger (Verb) — देर तक ठहरना
Definition: stay in a place longer than necessary because of a reluctance to leave.
Synonyms: wait around, stay, remain, stay put, wait
Antonyms: vanish, disappear
Usage: she lingered in the yard, enjoying the warm sunshine
8). Presumes (Verb) – मान लेना
Definition: suppose that something is the case on the basis of probability.
Synonyms: assume, suppose, dare say, imagine, take it, expect, believe, think, surmise, guess, judge
Antonyms: calculate, doubt, disregard.
Usage: I presumed that the man had been escorted from the building
9). Imperatives (Noun) — अनिवार्यताओं
Definition: an essential or urgent thing.
Synonyms: essential, important, all-important, vital, crucial, critical, essential, of the essence.
Antonyms: unimportant, optional
Usage: free movement of labour was an economic imperative
10). Verdict (Noun) — अधिमत
Definition: a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.
Synonyms: judgement, adjudication, adjudgement, decision, finding, ruling,
Antonyms: accusation, prediction.
Usage: the jury returned a verdict of not guilty