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Upcoming Bank PO, SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practicing this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it.
1) brinkmanship (noun) – पैंतरेबाज़ी
Meaning: the art or practice of pursuing a dangerous policy to the limits of safety
before stopping, especially in politics.
Synonyms: manoeuvring, politicking
Antonyms: tediousness, languor, ennui.
Usage: After months of brinkmanship, India and Nepal have brought their
relations to the edge of a precipice(a very steep rock face or cliff, especially a tall
2) flinched (verb) – एक त्वरित, घबराए संचालन करना
Meaning: make a quick, nervous movement, especially as an instinctive reaction
to fear, pain, or surprise
Synonyms: winced, cringed, blenched, recoiled, started, quailed, quaked
Antonyms: confront, edfaced, forged, met, remained, stayed
Usage: The Modi government has in the past not flinched from taking tough
measures, including the 2015 blockade that severely affected India’s land-locked
3) forbearance (Noun) – सहनशीलता
Meaning: make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better.
Synonyms: tweak, enhance, ease, redress
Antonyms: worsen, deteriorate,
Usage: Since the full lockdown lasted longer than initially envisaged(f0resee,
predict), and only began to unwind this month, the forbearance on offer was a
4) overturned (verb) – पलटना
Meaning: Inverted, so that the top is now at the bottom.
Synonyms: upended, upturned, inverted, reversed, backward, capsized
Antonyms: careful, formal, standard, disciplined, coherent
Usage: His decision, now overturned by the Delhi Lieutenant Governor.
5) tenuous (Adj) – कठिन
Meaning: Very slender or fine
Synonyms: ethereal, narrow, reedy, twiggy, light, insubstantial, dainty, vaporous
Antonyms: substantial, convincing, significant, solid, sound, definite
Usage: This apoliticism of the AAP, however, was always a tenuous claim.
6) whirlwind (Adj) – बवंडर
Meaning: Moving or proceeding with significant speed
Synonyms: headlong, impulsive, dizzy, tumultuous
Antonyms: prepense, vigilant, well-thought-out, apprehensive, reserved
Usage: But the whirlwind unleashed(unravel, reveal, release) by the Bharatiya
Janata Party threw him off balance on his tightrope.
7) purged (Verb) – शुद्ध करना
Meaning: rid of; clean out
Synonyms: evicted, excluded, exterminated, sacked, absolved, cleared out, forgave
Antonyms: castigated, charged, condemned, constructed, created, dirtied
Usage: They were purged from the party.
8) metamorphosed (Verb) – कायापलट होना
Meaning: To have become something different
Synonyms: evolved, converted, reformed, turned
Antonyms: stalled, stayed, stayed the same, ,clung, hibernated, clinged
Usage: The IAC was a heterogeneous(diverse in character or content) crowd
ranging from non-governmental organisations to the RSS; AAP metamorphosed
as majoritarian in instincts and authoritarian in practice. Mr. Kejriwal had figured
the cocktail that sways politics
9) disenfranchised (Verb)- असुरक्षित, रक्षाहीन होना
Meaning: Lacking sufficient power or strength
Synonyms: vulnerable, defenceless, ineffectual, dependent, feeble, impuissant
Antonyms: strong, mighty, potent, puissant
Usage: He could harvest the sentiments of those disenfranchised and brutalized
by the market
10) Feign (verb) – बहाना करना
Meaning: To make a false show or pretence of
Synonyms: counterfeit, devise, dissemble, forge, fabricate, masquerade, play-act,
pose, posture, profess
Antonyms: reveal, be original, show, disclose, divulge
Usage: He feigns humility and claims to listen to the people.