The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – Day 135

Dear Readers, Here we have given The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary helpful for Upcoming Bank PO, SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practicing this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it.

1)  Fulcrum (verb) – आधार

Meaning: The pivot about which a lever turns; A structure that complements or supplements something else

Synonyms: pivot, hinge, swivel, support, foundation

Antonyms: subsidiary, exterior

Usage:  Chabahar would form the fulcrum of India’s outreach to Russia and Cen­tral Asia, enhancing connectivity, energy supplies and trade.

 

2) Grim (verb) – भयंकर

Meaning: Very serious or gloomy in expression or demeanor; To a total, utter or complete degree; Showing the characteristics considered typical of a man;

Synonyms: fierce, stern, ferocious, unmitigated, categorical, manful, brave, bold

Antonyms: gentle, pleasant, benign, clean, decorous, animated

Usage: the willow game’s resumption, much like the revival of foot­ball,  tennis  and  Formula  One  races,  offered  cheer  in these grim times wilting under the global march of the coronavirus.

 

3) shredded (verb) – टुकड़े टुकड़े

Meaning: cut into ribbons; to become tired, weary or fatigued

Synonyms; tattered frazzled, exhausted, tired

Antonyms– unathletic, thin, puny, thin, frail

Usage: The clash had all the hallmarks of the slow ­burn and shredded nerves and cricket could not have asked for a more surreal comeback especially as the solemn backdrop featured the Black Lives Matter movement.

 

4) sordid (verb) – घिनौना

Meaning: involving immoral behavior; Causing unhappiness or discomfort; dirty or squalid in nature

Synonyms: miserable, wretched, pathetic, dirty, filthy, grimy, bad, cheap

Antonyms:  high-minded, noble, upright

Usage: West Indian pace legend Michael Holding wrung hearts with a speech on Sky Sports that held a mirror to racism’s sordid history.

 

5) indentured (noun) – गिरमिटिया

Meaning: Subject to an indenture; be hampered or constrained by

Synonyms:  employed, hired, bound, bounden, restricted, contracted, enslaved

Antonyms: alterable, breakable, revocable, unbinding

Usage:  That Jason Holder’s men, with their roots harking back to indentured Afr­I can  and  Indian  labourers  at  sugar  cane plantations, could  stun  their  former  colonial  masters  tied  in  with sport’s proven ability to break through the established order

harking back – to turn back to an earlier topic or circumstance. 2 : to go back to something as an origin or source.

 

6) quirks (noun) – व्यवहार में छल

Meaning:  Events that happen unexpectedly; a phenomenon that becomes popular for a very short time; a mental disorder marked by anxiety or fear

Synonyms: accidents, coincidences, aspects, attributes, peculiarities, eccentricity, fixation, obsession, bogusness, fallacies, ridiculousness, absurdity

Antonyms: normality, usualness

Usage: Cricket’s quirks were also in vogue as the relevance of saliva and sweat in triggering reverse swing,  occupied  airwaves  and  column­ width.

 

7) doughty (noun) – साहसी

Meaning:  Brave and persistent; Formidable, especially as an opponent; Austere, frugal, characterized by self-denial

Synonyms: bold, brave, courageous, alarming, dreadful

Antonyms: timorous, uncourageous, ungallant, insignificant, impotent

Usage: Eoin Morgan’s men won the World Cup against a doughty New Zea­ land led by the dignified Kane Williamson,

 

8) rippled (Adj) – लहराना

Meaning: to move or proceed with a given movement or momentum; to move in a twisting or spiraling pattern; to wear away or cause damage through applied friction; disturb the smoothness or tranquillity of.

Synonyms: fluctuated fretted, eroded, frayed, ruffled, riffled, roughened

Antonyms: remained, stayed, left alone, smooth

Usage:  A blend of joy and relief rippled through the crick­eting world last Sunday

 

9) swagger (verb) – डींग

Meaning:  To (excessively) boast about one’s accomplishments, qualities, or possessions; To move around or sideways unsteadily

Synonyms: boast, brag, bluster, roll, lurch, sway

Antonyms: creep, deprecate, suppress, crush

Usage: the men of swagger from  the  Caribbean  islands  snatched  a  four­ wicket victory.

 

10) deleterious (verb) – हानिकारक

Meaning: of harmful, often in a subtle or unexpected way; very great in degree, often with bad or negative repercussions

Synonyms: adverse, detrimental, damaging, noisome, disgusting, depraved,  fiendish

Antonyms: insignificant, inconsequential, trivial, frivolous

Usage: New system has had  deleterious consequences.

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