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The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – Day 172

Dear Readers, Here we have given The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary helpful for Upcoming Bank PO, SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practicing this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it.

1)  Swerve (Verb) –

Meaning: To depart abruptly from a straight line or course

Synonyms: Break, Cut, Sheer

Antonyms: Straighten

Usage: The government did not hesitate to swerve from the path of rectitude to finance an income support programme for farmers in an election year.

(rectitude  – righteousness, honesty, integrity)

 

2) Subterfuge (Noun) —

Meaning: Deceit used in order to achieve one’s goal.

Synonyms: Trickery, Intrigue, Deviousness, Evasion, Deceit,

Antonyms: Honesty, Openness

Usage: He had to use subterfuge and bluff on many occasions.

We better tell him the truth, and all of it, without any subterfuge or deception.

(Bluff – A display of behavior, usually meant to deceive)

 

3) Scourge (Verb) —

Meaning: Whip (someone) as a punishment.

Synonyms: Flog, Whip, Beat, Horsewhip, Lash

Antonyms: Ransomer, Redeemer, Vindicator

Usage: After being stripped and scourged, the victim’s palms, known in anatomy to be among the most sensitive of human limbs.

 

4) Prosaic (Adjective) —

Meaning: Having or using the style or diction of prose as opposed to poetry; lacking imaginativeness or originality.

Synonyms: Unimaginative, Uninspired, Dull, Dry, Humdrum, Mundane

Antonyms: Imaginative, Inspired

Usage: Prosaic language can’t convey the experience

 

5) Cahoots (Noun) —

Meaning: Colluding or conspiring together secretly.

Synonyms: Conniving, Collaborating

Antonyms: Divided, Separate, Uncoordinated

Usage: In fact, in the past there have been several cases of politicians acting in cahoots with the operators of fraudulent deposit schemes.

 

6) Trounce (Verb) —

Meaning: Defeat heavily in a contest; Rebuke or punish severely

Synonyms: Crush, Overwhelm, Thrash, Beat, Whip, Flog

Antonyms: fail forfeit lose preserve

Usage: The party has seamlessly employed multiple modes of ‘othering’ simultaneously to trounce its political rivals.

If it came to a vote, I expect this song would handily trounce all comers anyway.

Most patriotic movies flaunt their pride by having America trounce foreign countries.

 

7)  Entrench (Verb) –

Meaning: Establish (an attitude, habit, or belief) so firmly that change is very difficult or unlikely.

Synonyms: Establish, Settle, Ensconce, Lodge

Antonyms: Dislodge, Superficial

Usage: The manifestation of this three-fold othering was seen in the political culture across India since 1990s in an entrenched way.

The troops were entrenched near the mountains.

Television seems to be firmly entrenched as the number one medium for national advertising.

{Ensconce – To settle firmly or comfortably; To conceal or hide from view; To cover or envelop (something)

I intend to ensconce myself in a nice hotel looking out on Central Park on Saturday and Sunday.

The sculpture is safely ensconced behind glass.

He ensconced himself in front of the television.}

 

8) Hysterical (Adjective) –

Meaning: Affected by or deriving from wildly uncontrolled emotion.

Synonyms: Overwrought, Emotional, Uncontrolled, and Uncontrollable

Antonyms: Calm, Self – possessed

Usage: The whole country lives from event to event and TV becomes hysterical, not knowing the difference between war and cricket.

Let’s have a bit of common sense justice rather than all this hysterical overreaction.

 

9) Paranoid (Adjective) –

Meaning: Unreasonably or obsessively anxious, suspicious, or mistrustful.

Synonyms: Over-suspicious, Paranoiac, Suspicious, Mistrustful

Antonyms: sane, balanced, rational

Usage: People take loyalty literally and become paranoid.

 

10) Unison (Noun) –

Meaning: The state of being of one opinion about something.

Synonyms: Accord, Agreement, Concurrence, Concurrency

Antonyms: Discord, Dissension

Usage: Newspapers have in unison supported the government, and citizens, from actors to cricketers.