SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Grappling (Verb) – जूझना
Definition: engage in a close fight or struggle without weapons; wrestle
Synonyms: wrestle, struggle, tussle
Antonyms: agree, free, avoid.
Usage: passers-by grappled with the man after the knife attack
2). Bureaucracy (Noun) — नौकरशाही
Definition: excessively complicated administrative procedure.
Synonyms: red tape, rules and regulations, etiquette, protocol, officialdom
Usage: the unnecessary bureaucracy in local government
3). Immigrants (Noun) — आप्रवासियों
Definition: a person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country.
Synonyms: newcomer, settler, incomer, new arrival, migrant, emigrant
Antonyms: native, local, national.
Usage: they found it difficult to expel illegal immigrants
4). Rallied (Verb) – वापस आना
Definition: recover or cause to recover in health, spirits, or poise.
Synonyms: recover, improve, get better, pick up, revive, come back, make a comeback, rebound, bounce back
Usage: he floundered for a moment, then rallied again
5). Infiltrators (Noun) — पैठनेवाला
Definition: a person who secretly becomes part of a group in order to get information or to influence the way the group thinks or behaves
Usage: He accused infiltrators of turning the protests violent and said the alleged saboteurs must be dealt with by the security agencies.
6). Allegedly (Adverb) — कथित तौर पर
Definition: used to convey that something is claimed to be the case or have taken place, although there is no proof.
Synonyms: reportedly, supposedly, reputedly, purportedly, ostensibly, apparently,
by all accounts, so the story goes
Antonyms: certain, definite, sure.
Usage: he was allegedly a leading participant in the coup attempt
7). Dwelt (Verb) – रहना
Definition: live in or at a specified place
Synonyms: reside, live, have one’s home, have one’s residence, be settled, be housed
Antonyms: move, carry on, depart.
Usage: groups of gypsies still dwell in these caves
8). Reiterating (Verb) — बार बार दुहराना
Definition: say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.
Synonyms: repeat, say again, restate, retell, recapitulate, go over (and over), iterate, rehearse, belabour
Antonyms: take back.
Usage: she reiterated that the government would remain steadfast in its support
9). Analogies (Noun) – समानता
Definition: a correspondence or partial similarity.
Synonyms: comparison, affinity, homology, correlation
Antonyms: difference, dissimilarity, unlikeness.
Usage: the syndrome is called deep dysgraphia because of its analogy to deep dyslexia
10). Cynicism (Noun) — संशयवाद
Definition: an inclination to believe that people are motivated purely by self-interest; scepticism.
Synonyms: scepticism, doubt, distrust, mistrust, doubtfulness, suspicion, disbelief,
Antonyms: optimism, hope, cheer.
Usage: public cynicism about politics
11). Clamping (Verb) — जकड़ना
Definition: fasten (something) in place with a clamp.
Synonyms: fasten, secure, fix, clip, attach, make fast
Antonyms: realise, revert, free.
Usage: the sander is clamped on to the edge of a workbench
12). Ushered (Verb) – रास्ता दिखाना
Definition: show or guide (someone) somewhere.
Synonyms: escort, accompany, help, assist, take, show, see, lead, show someone the way, lead the way
Antonyms: cease, close, conclude, finish.
Usage: a waiter ushered me to a table
13). Shrill (Adjective) — अनिमेष
Definition: (of a voice or sound) high-pitched and piercing.
Synonyms: high-pitched, piercing, high, sharp, ear-piercing, ear-splitting, air-rending, penetrating, shattering,
Antonyms: low, soft, dulcet
Usage: a shrill laugh