SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Beset (Verb) – हमला करना
Definition: (of a problem or difficulty) trouble (someone or something) persistently.
Synonyms: plague, bedevil, attack, assail, beleaguer, afflict, torment, torture, rack,
Antonyms: clarify, please, exclude.
Usage: the social problems that beset the UK
2). Polarized (Verb) – ध्रुवीकृत होना
Definition: restrict the vibrations of (a transverse wave, especially light) wholly or partially to one direction.
Usage: some of the light is polarized so that it vibrates in only one plane
3). Owes (Verb) –कर्ज में होना या ऋणी होना
Definition: have an obligation to pay or repay (something, especially money) in return for something received.
Synonyms: be in debt (to), be indebted (to), be in arrears (to), be under an obligation (to), be obligated (to)
Antonyms: settle up
Usage: they have denied they owe money to the company
4). Lingering (Adjective) — लंबे समय तक चलने वाला
Definition: lasting for a long time or slow to end.
Synonyms: remaining, surviving, persisting, abiding, nagging, niggling, gnawing, lasting
Usage: there are still some lingering doubts in my mind
5). Patronage (Noun) — सरपरस्ती
Definition: the power to control appointments to office or the right to privileges.
Synonyms: power of appointment, right of appointment, favouritism, nepotism, partisanship, partiality
Antonyms: attack, harm, obstruction.
Usage: recruits are selected on merit, not through political patronage
6). Bureaucratic (Adjective) — नौकरशाही
Definition: relating to a system of government in which most of the important decisions are taken by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
Synonyms: administrative, official, procedural, red-tape, governmental, ministerial, state, civic, constitutional
Antonyms: simple, relaxed
Usage: well-established bureaucratic procedures
7). Plunged (Verb) — कूद पड़ना
Definition: jump or dive quickly and energetically.
Synonyms: jump, dive, hurl oneself, throw oneself, fling oneself, launch oneself, catapult oneself
Antonyms: ascend, rise, increase.
Usage: our little daughters whooped as they plunged into the sea
8). Impeached (Verb) – महाभियोग करना
Definition: call into question the integrity or validity of (a practice).
Synonyms: challenge, question, call into question, cast doubt on, raise doubts about
Usage: there is no desire to impeach the privileges of the House of Commons
9). Egregious (Adjective) — काफी खराब; चौंका देने वाला
Definition: outstandingly bad; shocking.
Synonyms: bad, worse.
Antonyms: good, perfect.
Usage: egregious abuses of copyright
10). Murky (Adjective) – अंधेरा और धुंधला
Definition: dark and gloomy, especially due to thick mist.
Synonyms: dark, gloomy, grey, leaden, dull, dim, overcast, cloudy, clouded,
sunless, foggy, misty
Antonyms: sunny, hot.
Usage: the sky was murky and a thin drizzle was falling
11). Sober(Adjective) – शांत
Definition: serious, sensible, and solemn.
Synonyms: serious, sensible, solemn, thoughtful, grave, sombre, severe, earnest, sedate, staid, dignified
Antonyms: light-hearted, frivolous, sensational, emotional
Usage: a sober view of life
12). Elusive (Adjective) — मायावी
Definition: difficult to find, catch, or achieve.
Synonyms: difficult to catch/find, difficult to track down
Antonyms: definite, stable, confronting.
Usage: success will become ever more elusive
13). Filth (Noun) — गंदगी
Definition: obscene and offensive language or printed material.
Synonyms: pornography, pornographic literature/films/videos, dirty books, smut, vice
Antonyms: assets, purification, cleanliness.
Usage: some calls were vitriolic, accusing us of publishing pornography and filth