SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1) Peril (Noun) — गंभीर और तत्काल खतरा
Definition: Serious and immediate danger.
Synonyms: Anger, Jeopardy, Risk,
Antonyms: Safety, Security
Usage: President Sirisena’s actions have put Sri Lankan democracy in peril
2) Plunge (Verb) — कूद पड़ना
Definition: Jump or dive quickly and energetically.
Synonyms: Hurl oneself, Throw oneself, Fling oneself, Launch oneself, Catapult oneself
Antonyms: Ascent, Rise, Increase
Usage: Former President Mahinda Rajapaksa has plunged the country into a political crisis.
3) Manoeuvre (Verb) — पैंतरेबाज़ी करना
Definition: Move skillfully or carefully.
Synonyms: Steer, Guide, Drive, Negotiate, Navigate
Antonyms: Cessation, Ignorance
Usage: His sudden and secret manoeuvre caught everyone, including senior politicians, completely unawares.
4) Garner (Verb) — संचित करना
Definition: Gather or collect (something, especially information or approval).
Synonyms: Gather, Collect, Accumulate, Amass
Antonyms: Spend, Disperse, Distribute
Usage: By suspending Parliament, Mr. Sirisena is seen to have exposed his own insecurity about garnering the required strength.
5) Plummet (Verb) — मूल्य या राशि में तेजी से कमी होना
Definition: Decrease rapidly in value or amount
Synonyms: Plunge, Fall Headlong, Hurtle, Nosedive
Antonyms: Ascend, Go up
Usage: All this has come at a time of economic fragility, with a plummeting rupee, soaring unemployment and rising living costs.
6) Blatant (Adjective) – खुलेआम बुरे व्यवहार करना
Definition: (of bad behaviour) done openly and unashamedly.
Synonyms: Flagrant, Glaring, Obvious, Undisguised,
Antonyms: Inconspicuous, Subtle
Usage: Mr. Sirisena’s appointment of Mr. Rajapaksa even before voting out Mr. Wickremesinghe on the floor of Parliament is nothing but blatant abuse of his executive powers.
7) Clout (Noun) — प्रभाव
Definition: Influence or power, especially in politics or business
Synonyms: Influence, Power, Pull, Weight, Sway, Leverage
Antonyms: Helplessness, Impotence, Impotency, Powerlessness, Weakness
Usage: The best forum to test political clout in a democracy is the legislature.
8) Thugger (Noun) — हिंसक व्यवहार
Definition: Violent behaviour, especially of a criminal nature.
Synonyms: Offence, Crime, Law Breaking
Antonyms: Defense, Defence
Usage: An extra-parliamentary power struggle, that too using illegal means, heightens the risk of political thuggery and unrest.
9) Reconvene (Verb) — समाधान करना
Definition: Convene or cause to convene again, especially after a pause in proceedings.
Synonyms: Join, Reconcile, Reassemble
Antonyms: Estrange, go separate ways
Usage: Though much damage has been done already, a fair vote must be ensured when Parliament reconvenes, if possible before November 16.
10) Grapple — गुत्थम गुत्था
Definition: Engage in a close fight or struggle without weapons; wrestle.
Synonyms: Wrestle, Struggle, Tussle; Brawl
Antonyms: Release, Relinquishment
Usage: Still recovering from the violence and bloodbath during its nearly three-decade-long civil war, and grappling with the economic and social challenges in its aftermath, Sri Lanka cannot afford to recede from the democratic space that opened up in 2015.