SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1) Fickle (Adjective) — परिवर्तनीय
Definition: Changing frequently, especially as regards one’s loyalties or affections.
Synonyms: Capricious, Changeable, Variable
Antonyms: Constant, Stable
Usage: The fickle nature of the global petroleum market has been on display over the last few days.
2) Cartel (Noun) — उत्पादक संघ
Definition: An association of manufacturers or suppliers with the purpose of maintaining prices at a high level and restricting competition.
Synonyms: Conglomerate, Consortium, Corporation, Gang
Usage: Saudi Arabia’s latest call to cut output comes just months after the OPEC cartel decided to increase its output.
3) Apprehension (Noun) – डर या चिंता
Definition: Anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen.
Synonyms: Anxiety, Angst, Alarm, Worry, Uneasiness, Unease
Usage: OPEC members decided to ramp up supply after apprehensions over Iranian supplies in the wake of economic sanctions imposed by the U.S.
4) Jittery (Adjective) — चिड़चिड़ा
Definition: Nervous or unable to relax.
Synonyms: Excitable, Fiddle-Footed, Flighty, Fluttery, High-Strung
Antonyms: Imperturbable, Nerveless, Unexcitable, Unflappable, Unshakable
Usage: The strong U.S. opposition to higher oil prices could be making investors feel jittery.
5) Castigate (Verb) — तिरस्कार करना
Definition: Reprimand (someone) severely.
Synonyms: Reprimand, Rebuke, Admonish, Chastise, Chide
Antonyms: Praise, Commend
Usage: He was castigated for not setting a good example
6) Lamented (Adjective) – विलाप
Definition: A conventional way of describing someone who has died or something that has ceased to exist.
Synonyms: Mourn, Grieve (for/over), Weep for, Shed tears for
Antonyms: Celebrate, Rejoice
Usage: The late and much lamented Leonard Bernstein
7) Scoff (Verb) – उपहास करना
Definition: Speak to someone or about something in a scornfully derisive or mocking way.
Synonyms: Mock, Deride, Ridicule
Antonyms: Approve, Compliment, Flatter
Usage: Patrick professed to scoff at soppy love scenes in films
8) Intrinsic (Adjective) – स्वाभाविक
Definition: Belonging naturally; essential.
Synonyms: Inherent, Innate, Inborn, Inbred, Congenital
Antonyms: Extrinsic, Acquired
Usage: Access to the arts is intrinsic to a high quality of life
9) Pernicious (Adjective) — हानिकारक
Definition: Having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way.
Synonyms: Harmful, Damaging, Destructive, Injurious
Antonyms: Beneficial, Benign, Favourable
Usage: The pernicious influences of the mass media
10) Coarseness (Noun) — कठोर होने की गुणवत्ता
Definition: The quality of being rough or harsh.
Synonyms: Roughness, Prickliness, Wiriness, Brittleness, Scratchiness
Antonyms: Softness, Sophistication, Refinement
Usage: The coarseness of her hair.