Important Tips For Error Spotting with Exercise Questions (Usage of Noun)

Dear Aspirants, Here we have given the Important English Grammar Tips in usage of English Common Noun Examples, candidates those who are preparing for the SBI, RBI, IBPS and all other competitive exams can make use of it.

Important English Grammar Tips – Usage of Noun Examples

Now a days IBPS has changing the questions pattern of English Section more often, to tackle the English Section aspirants should be very strong in the Basic English Grammar. To help you in this aspect here we have given the Important English Grammar Tips in usage of English Noun which will be more helpful to attend Error Spotting Questions.

Noun:

Noun is a naming word. It refers person, place, things or animals.
Eg: Vaibhav, Chennai, pen, cow…..with this noun is classified into 5 types in major.

PROPER NOUN  is the name of a particular person or place.
Eg: George, Banaras …

COMMON NOUN is the name of group of persons or things.
Eg: Boy, town,….

COLLECTIVE NOUN is the name of a group or collection of similar persons, animals, or things.
Eg: Group of boys, fleet of soldiers,…

ABSTRACT NOUN is the name of a quality that persons or things have, action they take or state they find themselves in.  You cannot touch it but can feel it.
Eg: Honesty, happiness, music, freedom.

MATERIAL NOUN:  These are raw materials or objects, existing in nature.
Eg: iron, stones, furniture….

MASCULINE:  a noun that denotes male sex.
Eg: boy ,bull, dog

FEMININE:  a noun that denotes female sex .
Eg: girl,cow, bitch

COMMON NOUN:  a noun that denotes either a male or a female.
Eg: servant, child, student

NEUTER: It denotes lifeless things.
Eg: pen, pencil, books,…

Ways of forming feminine nouns

By using different words:
Masculine Feminine
Bachelor Maid/spinster
Dog  Bitch
Bull Cow
Drone  Bee
By adding a syllable ‘-ess’…
Masculine Feminine
Lion Lioness
Heir Heiress
Peer Peeress
Poet Poetess
Host Hostess
By adding ‘-ess’ after dropping the vowel ending..
Masculine Feminine
Executor Executrix
Master Mistress
Tempter Temptress
Abbot Abbess
Signor Signora
By adding a word suffix or prefix
Masculine Feminine
He-goat She-goat
Bull-calf Cow- calf
Peacock Peahen
Milkman Milkmaid
Grandfather grandmother

 

SINGULAR: It denotes only one thing or person.
Eg: boy, pen

PLURAL: It denotes more than one.
Eg:boys, girls…

Adding ‘s’ to plural form:
Pen Pens
Girl Girls
Pencil Pencils
Dwarf Dwarfs
Chief Chiefs
Adding ‘es’ to plural form for the words ending with’s,ss,sh,ch,x’
Bus Buses
Glass Glasses
Bush Bushes
Bench Benches
Box Boxes
Adding ‘es’ by removing ‘y’
Baby Babies
story Stories
City Cities
Army Armies
Lady Ladies
Pony ponies
Adding ‘ies’ by removing ‘f, fe’
Wife Wives
Shelf Shelves
Loaf Loaves
Thief Thieves
Wolf wolves
Complete change of words
Child Children
Man  Men
Woman Women
Analysis Analyses
Memorandum memoranda
Plurals for phrases:
Mother in law Mothers in law
Father in law Fathers in law
Inspector general Inspectors general
Attorney general Attorneys general
Brother in law brothers in law

RULES FOR NOUNS:

  • Some nouns are used only in the plural form.

Eg: Scissors, spectacles,…

  • Some nouns are used only in the singular

Eg: civics, mathematics, news…

  • Some nouns have the singular and plural alike

Eg: sheep, deer, swine, cod

  • Abstract nouns and Material nouns are not used in the plural.

Eg: charity, kindness, copper,…

Note: when they are used in plural, the meaning changes and they become common nouns.

  • Proper nouns are always written with capital letters at the beginning.

Eg: Delhi

  • Collective noun usually takes a singular verb and is substituted by singular by a singular pronoun.

Eg: The jury has given its decision.

  • Collective noun takes plural a plural verb when the noun gives the meaning of representing the  members  individually.

Eg: The jury were divided in  their decision.

  • A material noun and abstract noun do not take articles.

Eg: Cotton is a cash crop.

  • Collective nouns, even when they denote living beings, are considered of the neuter gender.

Eg: Debi had a herd of cows. He kept a herdsman to look after it.

  • Young children, infants and the lower animals are referred as neuter gender.

Eg: The baby loves its toys.

  • Objects without life are considered as of
  1. Masculine gender- if the object gives the sense of strength, and violence.

Eg: sun,summer,winter,time,death…

  1. Feminine gender – – if the object gives the sense of  beauty, gentleness, and  gracefulness.

Earth, moon, spring, nature….

  • Pair, dozen , score, gross, hundred, thousand,etc,..(units of counting) when used after numbers remain their singular form.

Eg: My friend has two dozen apples.

  • Abstract noun and material noun are not used in plural form.

 Eg: Care of the old is necessary.

  • Use correct form for abstract noun.

Eg: young-youth, honest-honesty.

  • Check spelling error if any.
  • Collective noun follows must take singular verb. (Phrase with noun must be in plural)

Eg: A bunch of bananas has become expensive.

  • Proper doesn’t take articles before it but when it is taken in comparison , it does.

Dear Aspirants, Below we have given some exercise questions which may consist of errors (based on NOUN), check whether the statement has error or not if any given your answers in the below comment section.

EXERCISE QUESTIONS:

  1. The parliament is divided on the bill.
  2. His brother committed thiefhood in his house.
  3. He wears glass to aid his short sighted eye.
  4. The same board is used chess as well as draught.
  5. Take care of the vixen because they are wily creatures.
  6. The Indians are a religious-minded people.
  7. Time passes in its chariot majestically.
  8. The practices of the lawyers vary from those of the doctors.
  9. The bright lamps gave much lights.
  10. Devi is Anand of our chess class.
  11. You will be promoted in the time of a year.
  12. The cup’s base was rounded.
  13. The Earth treats us as his children, not strangers.
  14. The fleet of ships move at a uniform speed.
  15. Queen Elizabeth is the monarchess of England.
  16. Aurangzeb’s religious bigotism caused severe harm to the Mughal empire.
  17. The tin is a precious metal.
  18. The mildwoman said that she would not supply milk on holidays.
  19. The team camped at Namkum. They followed a rigorous routine.
  20. Who will win if there is a contest between the dwafrves and  the giants.

Explanation

  1. The parliament is divided,  it is not being divided thought of a whole, but in terms of its constituents. Hence, use plural verb. ’The parliament are divided on the bill.
  2. The abstract noun from common noun thief is theft, not thiefhood. ‘His brother committed theft in his house’.
  3. This sentence intends is spectacles made of glass. So we use plural ‘glasses’ . ‘He wears glasses to aid his short sighted eye’.
  4. The game is not draught but draughts.‘ The same board is used chess as well as draughts’.
  5. Vixen is the feminine gender of fox, not its plural. ‘Take care of the foxes because they are wily creatures’/ ‘Take care of the vixen because she is a wily creatures.
  6. The sentence is correct. People usually,  is used as a plural. But when it means a nation, as it does here, it is used as a singular. ‘The Indians are a religious-minded people’.
  7. In this sentence time is personified and takes masculine gender‘Time passes in his chariot majestically’.
  8. In this sentence , it is talking of persons from different professions-lawyers and doctors. Thus practice means exercise of a profession. This meaning does not have a plural. ‘The practice of the lawyers varies from those of the doctors’.
  9. If one light gives light, do you think two lights give two lights? Light is not countable so it does not have plural form. ‘The bright lamps gave much light’.
  10. Devi is not Viswanathan Anand .  Anand here is compared with Devi.‘Devi is the  Anand of our chess class’.
  11. Possessive is used with nouns denoting time .‘You will be promoted in a year’s time’.
  12. The cup is not a living thing .  so it does not take possessive sign.  ‘The baseof the cup was rounded.
  13. The earth is personified and it takes feminine gender.. ‘The Earth treats us asher children, not strangers’.
  14. The fleet is a collective noun. It should be in the singular.‘The fleet of shipsmoves at a uniform speed’.
  15. Monarch does not have feminine gender. It is of common gender. ‘Queen Elizabeth is themonarch of England’.
  16. Aurangzeb’s religious bigotism caused severe harm to the Mughal empire.
  17. Tin is a material noun. A material noun does not take an article before it.‘Tinis a precious metal’.
  18. The feminine for milkman is milkmaid, not milkwoman. ‘Themilkmaid said that she would not supply milk on holidays’.
  19. Team like army is a collective noun. Collective nouns are neuter gender . so it takes the pronoun ‘it’.‘The team camped at Namkum.It followed a rigorous routine’.
  20. Plural for dwarf is dwarfs. ‘Who will win if there is a contest between thedwarfs and the giants?’.

Click Here for IBPS Clerk Mains Preparation Time Table (Day-1)

30 Days Study Plan for IBPS Clerk Mains 2017
Days Quantitative Aptitude Current Affairs Static GK / Banking Awareness Reasoning English
Day-1 Simplification, Wrong term in Number Series Sep 1-7 CMs and Governors / About RBI and its Responsibilities Coding and Decoding Errors in Articles
Day-2 Average, Percentage and Partnership Sep 8-14 Country, Capital and Currency (1sthalf) – HQ of banks and Heads Blood Relationship Errors in Tenses
Day-3 Ratio and Problems based on Ages Sep 15-21 Country, Capital and Currency (2ndhalf) – Types of Cheques Direction Sense Errors in Nouns – Pronouns
Day-4 Time & Work and Pipes & Cistern Sep 22 – 30 International Organisations and its HQ – Types of Accounts Syllogism Errors in Verbs

 

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