“20-20” English Question | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 Day-6

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“20-20” English Questions | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 (Day-6)

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Direction (1-5): In given sentences phrase is represented in bold which may be incorrect so you have to find the correct phrase in place of that if the phrase is correct in the given sentences than mark no correction required as your answer.

1) In this context, India’s support in Manila shows a new-found sense of urgency in standing shoulder to shoulder with other victims of terror, even when the source of the problem is different.

A)Support to

B)Support of

C)Supporting to

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.

2) The siege of Marawi, about 800 km south of the capital Manila, began in May when the Philippine security forces launched an offensive for capture Isnilon Hapilon, leader of the IS-affiliated Abu Sayyaf group.

A)Captured

B)To capture

C)To be captured

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.

3) Despite the military offensive, militants remain in control of Marawi which they view as key to their efforts to create an IS province. The civilian toll be rising, with more than 500 people killed and nearly 4,00,000 civilians displaced.

  1. A) Was rose
  2. B) rise
  3. C) Has been rising
  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.

4) Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte has taken a hard line, vow to “crush” the militants and declaring martial law over the entire southern Philippines.

A)Vowing to

B)Vowed to

C)Vow

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.

5) The IS of today may appear to be a pale shadow of its past menace when at its peak, since the end of 2014 through 2015, it controlled territory comprise roughly 1,10,000 sq. km, across both Syria and Iraq.

A)Comprise rough

B)Comprising rough

C)Comprising roughly

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.

Directions (Q. 6-10): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (e).

  1. A 1977 Act on the salary of(a)/the Opposition Leader defined the position as the leader of the largest(b)/party in the opposition and recognised(c)/as such by the Speaker.(d)/No error(e)
  1. A 1977 Act on the salary of
  2. the Opposition Leader defined the position as the leader of the largest
  3. party in the opposition and recognised
  4. as such by the Speaker.
  5. No error

7.It is a rejection of the attempt(a)/to explain the delay over the ground that a parliamentary(b)/standing committee’s report on proposed(c)/amendments is still under consideration.(d)/No error(e)

  1. It is a rejection of the attempt
  2. to explain the delay over the ground that a parliamentary
  3. standing committee’s report on proposed
  4. amendments is still under consideration.
  5. No error
  1. But policymakers must also show(a)/equal care and urgency for(b)/addressing the structural(c)/issues facing the sector.(d)/No error(e)
  1. But policymakers must also show
  2. equal care and urgency for
  3. addressing the structural
  4. issues facing the sector.
  5. No error

9.This is due to a combination(a)/of factors, but one in particular is(b)/worth noting: the difficulty agricultural workers face(c)/for finding jobs in other more advanced sectors.(d) /No error(e)

  1. This is due to a combination
  2. of factors, but one in particular is
  3. worth noting: the difficulty agricultural workers face
  4. for finding jobs in other more advanced sectors.
  5. No error

  1. India have a presence of rich farmers(a)/as well and there exists as a strong(b)/justification for taxing them in order to(c)/widen the country’s embarrassingly narrow tax base.(d)/No error(e)
  1. India have a presence of rich farmers
  2. as well and there exists as a strong
  3. justification for taxing them in order to
  4. widen the country’s embarrassingly narrow tax base.
  5. No error

Directions (Q. 11-20): Read the following passage and answer the questions. Certain words/ phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Until the 1960s boys spent longer and went further in school than girls, and were more likely to graduate from university. Now, across the rich world and in a growing number of poor countries, the balance has tilted the other way. Policymakers who once fretted about girls’ lack of confidence in science now spend their time dangling coupies of “Harry Potter” before surly boys. Sweden has commissioned research into its “boy crisis”., Australia has devised a reading programme called “Boys, Blokes, Books& Bytes”. In just a couple of generations, one gender gap has closed, only for another to open up.

The reversal is laid out in a report published on March 5th by the OECD, a Paris-based rich-country think-tank. Boys’ dominance just about endures in maths: at age 15 they are, on average, the equivalent of three months’ schooling ahead of girls. In science the results are fairly even. But in reading, where girls have been ahead for some time, a gulf has appeared. In all 64 countries and economies in the study, girls outperform boys. The average gap is equivalent to an extra year of schooling.

The OECD deems literacy to be the most important skill that it assesses, since further learning depends on it. Sure enough, teenage boys are 50% more likely than girls to fail to achieve basic proficiency in any of maths, reading and science. Youngsters in this group, with nothing to build on’ or shine at, are prone to drop out of school altogether.

 To see why boys and girls fare so differently in the classroom, first look at what they do outside it. The average 15-year old girl devotes five-and-a-half hours a week to homework, an hour more than the average boy, who spends more time playing video games and trawling the internet. Three-quarters of girls read for pleasure, compared with little more than half of boys. Reading rates are falling everywhere as screens draw eyes from pages, but boys are giving up faster. The OECD found that, among boys who do as much homework as the average girl, the gender gap in reading fell by nearly a quarter.

Once in the classroom, boys long to be out of it. They are twice as likely as girls to report that school is “waste of time”, and more often turn up late. Just as a teachers use to struggle to persuade girls that science is not only for men, the OECD now urges parents and policymakers to steer boys away from a version of masculinity that ignores academic achievement.

Boys’ disdain for school might have been less irrational when there were plenty of jobs for uneducated men. But those days have long gone. It may be that a bit of swagger helps in maths, where confidence plays a part in boys’ lead (though it sometimes extends to delusion: 12% of boys told the OECD that they are familar with the mathematical concept of “subjunctive scaling”, a red herring that fooled only 7% of girls). But their lack of self-discipline drives teachers crazy.

The OECD found that boys did much better in its anonymised tests than in teachers assessments. What is behind this discrimination? One possibility is that teacher mark up students who are polite, eager and stay out of fights, all attributes that are more common among girls. In some countries, academic points can even be docked for bad behaviour.

11).Choose the word which is OPPOSITE in meaning of the word DOCKED given in bold as used in the passage.

  1. raised
  2. stopped.
  3. widened
  4. flown
  5. None of these

12).According to the passage, what can be said about school education today?

  1. Science education is deteriorating rapidly.
  2. Online education can easily address its problems such as shortage of teaching staff.
  3. It fosters rote learning instead of creative thinking.
  4. The amount of homework for children is prohibitive.
  5. Girls are doing better at school as compared to boys on some parameters.

13).Choose the word/group of words which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word DRAW given in bold as used in the passage.

  1. sketch
  2. tie
  3. raffle
  4. represent
  5. divert

14).Which of the following is TRUE in the context of the passage?

  1. Boys perform better than girls on subjective teacher assessments.
  2. Efforts to improve representation of girls in education have had success.
  3. By and large teachers are female and they discriminate against boys.
  4. Education in rich countries needs to be subsidised to reduce dropout numbers.
  5. None of the given statements is true in the context of the passage.

15).Choose the word/group of words which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word PRONE given in bold as used in the passage.

  1. unconscious
  2. flat
  3. likely
  4. lifeless
  5. opinionated

16).Which of the following factors can have an impact on results of boys in school?

(A) Perceptions of teachers

(B) Societal attitude towards educational achievement of boys

(C) Overconfidence of male students

  1. Only (A)
  2. Only (B)
  3. All  (A), (B)& (C)
  4. Only (A)& (C)
  5. Only (A)& (B)

17).What do the OECD statistics in the passage indicate?

  1. School dropout rates among boys are higher in developing countries than in rich ones.
  2. Despite the perception that girls are doing better  than boys in school, the same is not true.
  3. Today boys are more at risk than girls in terms of educational achievement in developed countries.
  4. Enrolment of girls in schools has doubled while that of boys has fallen.
  5. By and large teenagers have very low educational achievement in rich countries.

18).Choose the word which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the word DELUSION given in bold as used in the passage.

  1. myth
  2. superstition
  3. precipitating
  4. reality
  5. familiarity

19).Which of the following best describes the author’s opinion about the ‘boy crisis’?

  1. It is not as much of a problem as it is made out to be.
  2. Policymakers should address the issue of `uneducated’ boys as it will impact boys’ employment subsequently.
  3. It can be addressed by implementing quotas at university level.
  4. It is a rich-country phenomenon and can be easily addressed through increased funding for schools.
  5. None of the given –options

20).Which of the following is an appropriate title for the passage?

  1. Finding the Glass Ceiling
  2. Men Storming Up the Irony Tower
  3. Pay and Job Flexibility
  4. Attention A New Gender Gap
  5. A Broken Safety Net

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