Dear Aspirants, Our IBPS Guide team is providing a new series of English Language Questions for IBPS PO 2021 Mains so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis. These questions are framed by our skilled experts after understanding your needs thoroughly. Aspirants can practice these new series questions daily to familiarize with the exact exam pattern and make your preparation effective.
Directions (1-5): In each of the questions given below, a paragraph is given which has some blanks and those blanks must be filed with the same word out of five words given below it. You must choose that same as your answer and fill up the blanks with that appropriate answer.
1) Serum Institute officials were not available to explain how the Indian clinical _________ would continue when AstraZeneca had paused the global ________ of the same vaccine. A company spokesman said it had no additional information to provide other than that the ______ in India will continue.
2) India’s 2011 world cup winning hero Yuvraj Singh has decided to come out of __________. Player of the tournament in the 2011 edition, Yuvraj had announced his __________ from the game in June last year. But now, he has applied to his home cricket association, the PCA to turn out again for his state side in domestic cricket. The news of their favorite hero coming back from _________ will no doubt please a lot of Indian fans, although it is highly unlikely to see the 39 year old in national colors again.
3) The Supreme Court today sought Attorney General KK Venugopal’s help in an 11-year-old _________ case against lawyer-activist Prashant Bhushan. The top court asked the Attorney General to assist the court in deciding the larger issues in the 2009 ________ case against MrBhushan.
The ________ case involves statements that Prashant Bhushan made during an interview to Tehelka magazine in 2009 when he said half the 16 Chief Justices of India were corrupt.
4) Indian Army has set up _______wire obstacles at points to foil any intrusion attempts by Chinese soldiers at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) bordering eastern Ladakh. The _______ wire obstacles have been put up as Chinese troops have tried to come a few meters away from their position at the LAC.
India has found out that the Chinese Army has increased the deployment of its troops and is also bringing in more material and logistics items from 8 September onwards at the finger area north of Pangong Tso Lake. The _______ wire obstacles came up after PLA troops had tried to force out Indian soldiers from their position on 7 September.
5) In some good news for millions living in hope for a Covid-19 vaccine shot, the Russian Health Ministry said on Tuesday that the first batch of Sputnik V vaccine has been produced for civilian _________. “The first batch of the vaccine for preventing the novel coronavirus infection, Gam-COVID-Vac (Sputnik V) developed by the Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology of the Russian Health Ministry passed the required quality tests and was produced for civilian __________.
Russian Health Minister Mikhail Murashko earlier explained that civilian ________ at this stage meant vaccination of citizens from the risk groups, mainly teachers and doctors.
Directions (6-10): In each of the following sentences there are two blank spaces. Below each sentence five pairs of words are given. Find out which pair of words can be filled up in the blanks in the sentence in the same sequence to make the sentence grammatically correct and meaningfully complete.
6) A deal, if successful, would not only create a retail ________ in India but will also turn Jeff Bezos and Asia’s richest man from _______ into allies in one of the fastest-growing consumer markets in the world.
- entity, couple
- union, partners
- chain, enemies
- giant, friends
- behemoth, rivals
7) In a big _______ to the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) ahead of the Bihar elections, senior leader Raghuvansh Prasad Singh _________ from the party Thursday.
- setback, resigned
- blow, returned
- cheer, left
- annoyance, departed
- consideration, retired
8) Throughout history, presidents responded to moments of great trial by _________ with the American people about often-dire challenges, but also summoned a _______ sense of mission toward a less perilous destination.
- sharing, teamwork
- talking, magical
- leveling, collective
- ranting, combined
- debating, allied
9) New modeling evidence suggests we can halt and even ______ habitat loss and deforestation if we take urgent _________ action and change the way we produce and consume food.
- counter, positive
- turn-around, destructive
- grow, affirmative
- reverse, conservation
- aggravate, preservation
10) With a GDP of USD 3.9 trillion, Germany stands tall as the world’s fourth largest economy, and the ______ of its growth have a better ________ than most developed countries.
- prospect, diagnosis
- scope, prognosis
- repetition, forecast
- vision, future
- scale, indemnity
1) Answer: C
From the given options, we can rule out ‘practice’ (E) and ‘audition’ (D) first. ‘Practice’ is a term usually associated with sports of dance/music etc. ‘Audition’ is also linked mostly with performing arts. Here, the passage is talking about a vaccine.
An examination in medical sense is usually conducted of a patient. It is not the relevant term for work with a vaccine. So, we are left with two choices – ‘experiment’ and ‘trial.’ Between the two, the word that is more appropriate is ‘trial’, as ‘experiment’ is more the work done to come up with the vaccine.
Therefore option C is the correct answer to this question.
2) Answer: D
The passage is talking about a former cricketer choosing to return to the game. The only term which fits the blanks is ‘retirement’ –the action or fact of leaving one’s job / profession and ceasing to work.
Therefore option D is the correct answer to this question.
3) Answer: B
The 2nd paragraph gives the background of the case in discussion. Looking at it, we can obviously rule out options A, D and E. ‘Bad-mouthing’ someone is to criticize that person behind their back. Mr. Bhushan’s action can be best described as an act of ‘contempt’ – an offence of being disrespectful to a court of law.
Therefore option B is the correct answer to this question.
4) Answer: E
‘Sharp’ means something with an edge that can easily cut or pierce something. It is not an adjective associated with wires. ‘Crooked’ which means something bent or twisted out of shape can be ruled out as well. While technically, ‘rugged’ and ‘metal’ are not incorrect, given the incidents described, the wires used must be something that provide more security and are difficult to break. ‘Barbed’ means something that is full of barbs – a sharp projection angled away from the main structure and which if stuck into something, is very difficult to extricate. ‘Barbed’ wire is a steel fencing wire with sharp edges. It is the right term to be used for the given blanks.
Therefore option E is the correct answer to this question.
5) Answer: A
‘Reproduction’ is a biological process so we can rule that out. ‘Corroboration’ is another term for confirmation. ‘Machination’ means a plot or a scheme, often nefarious. ‘Transmission’ is the action or process of transferring something from one person/body to another – usually a microbe like virus or bacteria. None of these terms fit the required intent.
We need here a term that can be used in the same sense as distribution. ‘Circulation’ is generally used to indicate to and fro movement of a liquid in a closed system, usually blood. However, it also means “the public availability of knowledge or something”. In that sense, it is perfectly fitting here.
Therefore option A is the correct answer to this question.
6) Answer: E
Solution: The correct solution will be the one where both the given words fit in to the blanks. As we can make out, the statement is talking about combining forces of two businessmen. Therefore, the combination is likely to create a new entity that is likely to be bigger in size than the pre-merger existences. Also, pre-merger i.e. at present they are competing for the same market/consumers. Words that can work for blank 1 are ‘giant’ in option D and ‘behemoth’ in option E. Both mean something very big. Words than work for blank 2 are ‘enemies’ in option C and ‘rivals’ in option E, signifying competition/contest.
But only in E both the words work for the 2 blanks.
Therefore, option E is the correct answer to this question.
7) Answer: A
Let us consider the options.
Option B: A senior leader’s ‘return’ to the party cannot be construed as a ‘blow’ for the party. Also, the expression ‘returned from the party’ is grammatically incorrect. So we rule out this option.
Option C: Converse to the above. A senior leader’s exit (left) from the party cannot be cause for ‘cheer’ in the party. So this option is also ruled out.
Option D: ‘Departed’ is a verb that is used either to indicate a human being expiring (he departed the world last week) or to indicate the exit of a train/bus/ship.
Option E: In general, ‘retirement’ from a political party isn’t a usual practice, ‘retirement’ happens from politics as a whole. Also, ‘consideration’ is not the ideal word for the 1st blank.
In option A, the two terms are synchronous. ‘Resigned’ is the act of leaving, usually a job or a role. This act of leaving would be a big ‘setback’ (meaning a reversal of progress) for the party.
Therefore, option A is the correct answer to this question.
8) Answer: C
Solution: Let us look at the options for the first blank. We can immediately rule out ‘ranting’ which means a lengthy, angry speech. It doesn’t fit the situation given. So option D is eliminated.
Again, for the same reason, we can drop ‘debating’ which is a discussion of different or opposing arguments. In a situation of difficult times for the whole country, it is unlikely that the President will ‘debate’ with the citizens. So, option E is also eliminated.
Option B also appears illogical. ‘Talking’ is a very generic term and ‘magical’ sense of mission makes no sense. We are now left with options A and C.
‘Teamwork’ sense of mission is not a proper expression (op A). Rather, ‘collective’ sense of mission is a much more logical phrase (op C). The 1st word for option C, ‘leveling’, one of the meanings of which is ‘be frank or honest’ about something – the perfect requirement for a leader when the nation is facing a crisis.
Therefore, option C is the correct answer to this question.
9) Answer: D
If we read the sentence before the first blank, it is suggesting a sequence of events related to habitat loss and deforestation. The first event in the sequence is ‘halting’ i.e. stopping of habitat loss and deforestation. Logically, the next step in the sequence has to be a higher positive movement after ‘halt’ which has to be re-growth of vegetation and recovery of habitat lost. So essentially it implies a regeneration process.
The word for the 2nd blank must imply a sense of protection.
The best choices for blank 1 are ‘turn-around’ (op B) and ‘reverse’ (op D) and the most suitable choices for blank 2 are ‘conservation’ (op D) and ‘preservation’ (op E). Combining both, the correct answer is clearly – ‘reverse’ and ‘conservation.’
Therefore, option D is the correct answer to this question.
10) Answer: B
Let us look at the terms given for blank 1:
Prospect – the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring
Scope – the opportunity or possibility to do or deal with something
Repetition – the recurrence of an action or event
Vision – the ability to think about or plan the future with imagination or wisdom
Scale – the relative size or extent of something
The two terms which can be effective at blank 1 are ‘prospect’ (op A) and ‘scope’ (op B) – both indicate the likelihood or possibility of a future event/outcome.
‘Diagnosis’, the 2nd term in option A is a medical term meaning “the identification of the nature of an illness or other problem by examination of the symptoms.”
‘Prognosis’, the 2nd term in option B means “a forecast of the likely outcome of a situation.” It is clearly a much better fit for blank 2.
Therefore, option B is the correct answer to this question.