Martyrs Day in India 2021: History, Significance and Reasons for Celebrating in India

Martyrs Day in India 2021: Martyrs Day also called “Shaheed Diwas” is celebrated every year in India to pay respect to the Soldiers who lost their lives while defending the sovereignty of the nation. The other days declared as Martyrs Day in India 2021 and the history and significance of Martyrs Day in India 2021 are given below in this article. The reason for observing Martyrs Day in India 2021 on March 23rd is also provided in this article. On March 23rd, India marks the death Anniversary of freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru and observed as Martyrs Day in India 2021.

List of Important Days PDF 2021

On January 30, Martyrs day is observed every year, as it is the Death anniversary of Father of the Nation, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. It is also called Shahid Diwas. Martyrs Day in India 2021 is also observed to pay tribute to the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives in the freedom struggle for Independence in India.

Other Days Celebrated as Martyrs Day in India 2021:

The various days observed as Martyrs Day in India 2021 are listed below.

January 30th – The day is observed at the National Level

March 23rd – The death Anniversary of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru in Lahore(Pakistan)

October 21st – Police Martyr’s Day (Observed by Police Departments Nationwide)

November 17th – Death Anniversary of Lala Rajpat Roy in Odisha

November 19th – The Birthday of Rani Laxmi Bai (Queen of Maratha ruled the princely state of Jhansi) is observed as martyr’s day in that region.

History and Significance:

  • Earlier this year, the Central government directed all state governments and union ministries to observe two minutes of silence on January 30 in the memory of martyred freedom fighters.
  • The sacrifice by the trio of heroes became a source of inspiration for millions of Indians.
  • It is for this reason March 23 was commemorated as Shaheed Diwas (Martyrs Day in India 2021).
  • On January 30, the day is observed with the President, Vice President, Prime Minister, and Defence Minister gathering at Rajghat in New Delhi to pay tribute to Mahatma Gandhi.
  • The top-most leaders of the country lay wreaths in remembrance of the Mahatma. They are joined by three service chiefs as well.

Reason for Observing Martyrs Day in India 2021 on March 23rd:

On this day, Indians in particular pay tribute to Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru. These freedom fighters had lost their lives on March 23 in 1931 during the struggle for India’s independence. They were hanged for assassinating British officer John Saunders in 1928.

Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were deeply affected by the assassination of Lala Lajpat Rai who was killed in a non-violent protest against the Simon Commission on October 30, 1928. The British lathi-charged the protesters and during the brutal attack, Rai was injured and eventually died of a heart attack.

Singh and his partners decided to strike back at the British and in 1929 threw a bomb at the central legislative assembly in Delhi while cheering the slogan ‘Inquillab Zindabad’ (long live the revolution). Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were hanged to death by the British in 1931 and were cremated on the banks of the Sutlej River.

Singh, Thapar, and Rajguru were very young when they gave the ultimate sacrifice for the nation. Their story continues to inspire the youth today.

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