RRB Clerk Mains English (Day-08)

Dear Aspirants, Our IBPS Guide team is providing a new series of English Language Questions for RRB Clerk Mains 2020 so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis. These questions are framed by our skilled experts after understanding your needs thoroughly. Aspirants can practice these new series questions daily to familiarize with the exact exam pattern and make your preparation effective.

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Spell error

Directions (1-5): In each question below, four words printed in bold type are given. These are numbered (A), (B), (C) and (D). One these words printed in bold might either be wrongly spelt or inappropriate in the context of the sentence. Find out the word that is inappropriate or wrongly spelt, if any. The number of the word is your answer. If the words printed in bold are correctly spelt and appropriate in the context of the sentence then mark (E), i.e. ‘All Correct’, as your answer.

1) Estimates of the virus’s reproduction(A) rate from Bank of America economists suggest(B) that it’s risen(C) back to around or above 1 in countries including the U.K., France, Italy, Spain and Belgium, meaning one infected person will on average curb(D) it to more than one other person.

A) A

B) B

C) C

D) D

E) All correct

2) Since he tested positive for Covid-19 on 11 July, and was admitted(A) to Mumbai’s Nanavati Hospital, Bachchan has been share(B) regular updates about his treatment(C), and most of them are on a positive(D) note.

A) A

B) B

C) C

D) D

E) All correct

3) On Sunday, in reaction to the 5 August Ayodhya event, Bangladesh’s Foreign Minister Momenwary(A) pointed out that Dhaka won’t allow the templeconstruction(B) to hurt ties between the two nations, and that India equally(C) should not allow anything to fracture(D) “our beautiful and deep relationship.”

A) A

B) B

C) C

D) D

E) All correct

4) On Jammu and Kashmir, a marker of this pattern came last year on October 1, when, responding(A)to petitions challenging the constitutional validity of the August 5 decision(B)to abrogate(C)J&K’s special status, a five-judge Constitution bench of the Supreme Court refused to order a stay and adjourned the hearing to November 4 — until well after the scheduled implementetion(D)of the Centre’s order sliced the state into two Union Territories on October 31.

A) A

B) B

C) C

D) D

E) All correct

5) The National Education Policy, an ambitious(A)and complex document, laying down a road map for the next two decades, has been adopted(B)in the midst(C)of a pandemic and a lockdown, which renders(D)discussion and debate difficult.

A) A

B) B

C) C

D) D

E) All correct

Sentence Rearrangement

Direction (6-10): Given below are six statements A, B, C, D, E and F, which when arranged in the correct order, form a coherent and meaningful paragraph. The sentence marked as D is fixed and would fit in the fourth position. Rearrange the other statements in a proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph, then answer the questions below.

A) It is for us to determine what is the extent of such trampling we are willing to bear. On the face of it, a law for criminal contempt is completely asynchronous with our democratic system which recognises freedom of speech and expression as a fundamental right.

B) An excessively loose use of the test of ‘loss of public confidence’, combined with a liberal exercise of suomotu powers, can be dangerous, for it can amount to the Court signalling that it will not suffer any kind of critical commentary about the institution at all, regardless of how evidently problematic its actions may be.

C) Suomotu powers of the Court to initiate such proceedings only serve to complicate matters. And truth and good faith were not recognised as valid defences until 2006, when the Contempt of Courts Act was amended.

D) It comes as no surprise that Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer famously termed the law of contempt as having a vague and wandering jurisdiction, with uncertain boundaries; contempt law, regardless of public good, may unwittingly trample upon civil liberties.

E) Nevertheless, the Delhi High Court, despite truth and good faith raised as defences, proceeded to sentence the employees of Mid-Day for contempt of court for portraying a retired Chief Justice of India in an unfavourable light.

F) The objective for contempt is stated to be to safeguard the interests of the public, if the authority of the Court is denigrated and public confidence in the administration of justice is weakened or eroded. But the definition of criminal contempt in India is extremely wide, and can be easily invoked.

6) Which of the following will be the last sentence after rearrangement?

A) D

B) A

C) F

D) E

E) None of these

7) Which of the following pairs form two consecutive statements after rearrangement?

A) A-D

B) B-C

C) A-E

D) C-E

E) None of these

8) Which of the following will be First sentence after rearrangement?

A) F

B) C

C) B

D) A

E) None of these

9) Which of the following will be Second sentence after rearrangement?

A) D

B) C

C) B

D) A

E) None of these

10) Which of the following will be the Penultimate sentence after rearrangement?

A) D

B) E

C) F

D) A

E) None of these

Answers :

Directions (1-5):

1) Answer: D

‘Curb’ means restrain or keep in check. ‘Average curb it to more than one other person’ does not make any sense. Instead we can use ‘spread’ which means extend over a large or increasing area. So option D will be the correct choice here.

After appropriate correction the correct sentence will be – Estimates of the virus’s reproduction rate from Bank of America economists suggest that it’s risen back to around or above 1 in countries including the U.K., France, Italy, Spain and Belgium, meaning one infected person will on average spread it to more than one other person.

2) Answer: B

After ‘has been’ we must use ‘-ing’ form of the verb. ‘Has been sharing’ must be the correct choice here. So option B will be the correct choice here.

After appropriate correction the correct sentence will be – Since he tested positive for Covid-19 on 11 July, and was admitted to Mumbai’s Nanavati Hospital, Bachchan has been sharing regular updates about his treatment, and most of them are on a positive note.

3) Answer: A

‘Wary’ means feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems and it is an adjective. Though it contextually fits in the position but grammatically it is incorrect as before verb ve must need an adverb. ‘Warily’ will be the correct choice here.

After appropriate correction the correct sentence will be – On Sunday, in reaction to the 5 August Ayodhya event, Bangladesh’s Foreign Minister Momen warily pointed out that Dhaka won’t allow the temple construction to hurt ties between the two nations, and that India equally should not allow anything to fracture “our beautiful and deep relationship.”

4) Answer: D

‘Implementetion’ spelling is incorrect here. The correct spelling must be ‘implementation’. So option D will be the correct choice here.

After appropriate correction the correct sentence will be – On Jammu and Kashmir, a marker of this pattern came last year on October 1, when, responding to petitions challenging the constitutional validity of the August 5 decision to abrogate J&K’s special status, a five-judge Constitution bench of the Supreme Court refused to order a stay and adjourned the hearing to November 4 — until well after the scheduled implementation of the Centre’s order sliced the state into two Union Territories on October 31.

5) Answer: E

All bold words are both grammatically and contextually correct. So option E will be the correct choice here.

After appropriate correction the correct sentence will be – The National Education Policy, an ambitious and complex document, laying down a road map for the next two decades, has been adopted in the midst of a pandemic and a lockdown, which renders discussion and debate difficult.

Directions (6-10) :

The correct sequence of the paragraph should be FCEDAB

F) The objective for contempt is stated to be to safeguard the interests of the public, if the authority of the Court is denigrated and public confidence in the administration of justice is weakened or eroded. But the definition of criminal contempt in India is extremely wide, and can be easily invoked.

C) Suomotu powers of the Court to initiate such proceedings only serve to complicate matters. And truth and good faith were not recognised as valid defences until 2006, when the Contempt of Courts Act was amended.

E) Nevertheless, the Delhi High Court, despite truth and good faith raised as defences, proceeded to sentence the employees of Mid-Day for contempt of court for portraying a retired Chief Justice of India in an unfavourable light.

D) It comes as no surprise that Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer famously termed the law of contempt as having a vague and wandering jurisdiction, with uncertain boundaries; contempt law, regardless of public good, may unwittingly trample upon civil liberties.

A) It is for us to determine what is the extent of such trampling we are willing to bear. On the face of it, a law for criminal contempt is completely asynchronous with our democratic system which recognises freedom of speech and expression as a fundamental right.

B) An excessively loose use of the test of ‘loss of public confidence’, combined with a liberal exercise of suomotu powers, can be dangerous, for it can amount to the Court signalling that it will not suffer any kind of critical commentary about the institution at all, regardless of how evidently problematic its actions may be.

6) Answer: E

Part F will initiate the paragraph and says why provisions for contempt of court are created and what is the problem in this act. Followed by C which says when this is amended. Followed by E which exemplifies a case of the Delhi High Court and how it is portrayed a retired Chief Justice of India in an unfavourable light. Followed by D which says why Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer famously termed the law of contempt as having a vague and wandering jurisdiction. Followed by A which asks our opinions on this law.And finally concluded with B.

The correct sequence of the paragraph should be FCEDAB

7) Answer: D

Part F will initiate the paragraph and says why provisions for contempt of court are created and what is the problem in this act. Followed by C which says when this is amended. Followed by E which exemplifies a case of the Delhi High Court and how it is portrayed a retired Chief Justice of India in an unfavourable light. Followed by D which says why Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer famously termed the law of contempt as having a vague and wandering jurisdiction. Followed by A which asks our opinions on this law.And finally concluded with B.

The correct sequence of the paragraph should be FCEDAB

8) Answer: A

Part F will initiate the paragraph and says why provisions for contempt of court are created and what is the problem in this act. Followed by C which says when this is amended. Followed by E which exemplifies a case of the Delhi High Court and how it is portrayed a retired Chief Justice of India in an unfavourable light. Followed by D which says why Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer famously termed the law of contempt as having a vague and wandering jurisdiction. Followed by A which asks our opinions on this law.And finally concluded with B.

The correct sequence of the paragraph should be FCEDAB

9) Answer: B

Part F will initiate the paragraph and says why provisions for contempt of court are created and what is the problem in this act. Followed by C which says when this is amended. Followed by E which exemplifies a case of the Delhi High Court and how it is portrayed a retired Chief Justice of India in an unfavourable light. Followed by D which says why Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer famously termed the law of contempt as having a vague and wandering jurisdiction. Followed by A which asks our opinions on this law.And finally concluded with B.

The correct sequence of the paragraph should be FCEDAB

10) Answer: D

Part F will initiate the paragraph and says why provisions for contempt of court are created and what is the problem in this act. Followed by C which says when this is amended. Followed by E which exemplifies a case of the Delhi High Court and how it is portrayed a retired Chief Justice of India in an unfavourable light. Followed by D which says why Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer famously termed the law of contempt as having a vague and wandering jurisdiction. Followed by A which asks our opinions on this law.And finally concluded with B.

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