SBI Clerk Prelims 2021 English Language Questions (Day-08)

Dear Aspirants, Our IBPS Guide team is providing a new series of English Language Questions for SBI Clerk Prelims 2021 so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis. These questions are framed by our skilled experts after understanding your needs thoroughly. Aspirants can practice these new series questions daily to familiarize with the exact exam pattern and make your preparation effective.

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Cloze test – replacement type

Directions (1-5): In the following passage, some of the words have been highlighted in bold. First read the passage and try to understand what it is about. Then replace the highlighted words with the correct option in order to make grammatical and contextual sense. In case the highlighted word is correct as it is, mark ‘No Improvement’ as the right answer.

The (A)order on whether Australia will have a nation-wide carbon trading scheme ended last week with the government committed to a national emissions scheme from 2012. However, the decision making as to how we power the economy in a carbon constrained world is only just beginning. Fossil fuels like coal and oil have (B)dominated our economic growth and standard of living for decades. The current resources boom is there because other countries want our fossil fuels, and for all these reasons it is profitable to keep mining them. (C)Intimidatingly, the income may help develop the technologies to replace them, but it is a matter of which and when. Almost certainly, in the race to reduce emissions, new technologies such as solar, wind and geothermal (heat from rocks) power will compete against gas, clean coal and perhaps nuclear energy to win the hearts and minds of the business world. In the end, business will favour whatever is a cheap, abundant and reliable solution. You can imagine the (D)campaigns that will ensue from the different interest groups, to attract business capital and government support so that their technology wins out. There may be many (E)collapsed ventures and lost fortunes along the way.


1) A)

  1. talk
  2. debate
  3. comment
  4. speculation
  5. No improvement


2) B

  1. disturbed
  2. inflated
  3. underpinned
  4. finished
  5. No improvement


3) C

  1. Amazingly
  2. Harshly
  3. Temporarily
  4. Ironically
  5. No improvement


4) D

  1. lobbying
  2. partnering
  3. threats
  4. comments
  5. No improvement


5) E

  1. outright
  2. imperfect
  3. important
  4. incorrect
  5. No improvement


Idioms

Directions (6-10): In this question, you need to replace the bold part of the sentence by the most suitable idiom/expression given as option.

6) The vocal coach was proud with our practise and wished us good luck as we entered the stage

  1. under the weather
  2. break a leg
  3. beat around the bush
  4. the last straw
  5. None of these


7)
The assignment was due within five minutes, so, Raj decided to copy and paste his friend’s assignment in order to submit on time

  1. speak of the devil
  2. pull someone’s leg
  3. best of both worlds
  4. cut corners
  5. All of these


8)
The instructor encourages us to not give up and hold just for a minute longer

  1. cut corners
  2. pull yourself together
  3. Hang in there
  4. speak of the devil
  5. None of these


9)
Ram gestured me to calm down and take a deep breath to minimise the palpitation.

  1. pull yourself together
  2. all Greek to me
  3. ducks and drakes
  4. bent out of shape
  5. the last straw


10)
The actress was feeling sick, so we had to pack and cancel today’s schedule.

  1. hitting the sack
  2. a piece of cake
  3. making a short story short
  4. under the weather
  5. All of these


Answers :

Directions (1-5):

1) Answer: B

The answer of the question can be found out by carefully reading the first sentence. In the first sentence of the passage, we can infer that there is a clash going on whether Australia will have a nation-wide carbon trading scheme or not and this argumentative talk is given away by the word ‘whether’ in the sentence. Option A may be right but it is vague and does not really highlight the context. Option B is absolutely correct based on the context as it is a debate on something. Option C is wrong because it is not a comment by anyone. Speculation means formation of a theory but there is no such theory to mention, only a debate on a topic. So, option D is incorrect. The sentence is also not an order but a debate. This makes option B the correct answer.


2) Answer:
C

The sentence explains that fossil fuel like coal and oil have supported our economic growth and standard of living for decades. This is also the interpretation which is supported by the previous sentence which says that it is a carbon constrained world. Now, using dominated in the sentence means that fossil fuel like coal and oil are the leading sources of economy which may be true but the passage does not hint us of any such information. Option A is wrong because it means that the fossil fuels have caused irregularities in our economy which is the exact sentiment of what we want for our answer. Option B is wrong as the passage does not talk of inflation in any way. Option C is underpinned which mean to support. This option is absolutely right because fossil fuels are the ones supporting our economy. Option D is also wrong in the context giving the exact opposite meaning. This makes option C the correct answer.


3) Answer:
D

Now let’s read the portion of the passage having the word C very carefully. It is said that other countries want our fossil fuels and so it is profitable to keep mining them. Now, the profit that we make is used in building technologies which will in turn replace the fossil fuels when they get depleted. This is quite ironical as the source is used to replace it. We see option D is right. Now, let us look at other options. Intimidating is wrong and vague because it does not explain the exact sentiment of the sentence. Option A is wrong and vague because it may be amazing but it is not what we want. Option B may also be true but it is vague in the context of the sentence. Option C is outright wrong as it is contextually wrong and does not make any sense. This makes option D the correct answer.


4) Answer:
A

Now, the sentence says that different groups will try to influence the government to buy their technology. Now, campaign is a very vague word. Also, we do not know if the groups will organise campaigns or have other strategies to influence people. Option A is lobbying which means advocating with the intent of influencing which seems to perfectly fit in the context of the sentence. Option B says partnering. There is no mention of groups partnering to influence or develop technology, so option B is incorrect to the context. Option C is wrong and cannot be used as there is no mention of any threats issued by any groups. This is not a comment by any group, so option D can be rejected. This makes option A the correct answer.


5) Answer:
E

The answer can be found out by the phrase ‘lost fortunes’ mentioned in the passage. Now, the word should be negative because another negative sentiment of lost fortunes is mentioned in the sentence. Now, collapsed is perfectly fine for that. Option A is wrong because outright means without restraint or entirely which makes no sense in being used here. Option B is negative but is vague to the context. Option C is not the thing we want because we are saying that there may be many obstacles on the way and important does not add up to that. Option D is wrong contextually. This makes option E the correct answer.


Directions (6-10):

6) Answer: B

Under the weather(idiom): feeling sick

Break a leg(idiom): wish good luck

Beat around the bush(idiom): to delay in telling something because of it being uncomfortable

The last straw(idiom): running out of patience

This makes option B the correct answer.


7) Answer:
D

Speak of the devil(idiom): the person we were talking about just showed up

Pull someone’s leg(idiom): joke with someone

Best of both worlds(idiom): an ideal situation

Cut corners(idiom): to do something to save time or money

This makes option D the correct answer.


8) Answer:
C

Cut corners(idiom): to do something to save time or money

Pull yourself together(idiom):to calm down

Hang in there(idiom): not give up

Speak of the devil(idiom): the person we were talking about just showed up

This makes option C the correct answer.


9) Answer:
A

pull yourself together(idiom): calm down

All Greek to me (idiom): Something difficult to understand.
Ducks and Drakes (Idiom): Behave recklessly
Bent out of shape(idiom): upset

This makes option A the correct answer


10) Answer:
D

Hitting the sack (Idiom): going to bed.

A piece of cake (idiom): Something very easy.
making a short story short (idiom): to come to the point.

Under the weather(idiom): sick

This makes option D the correct answer

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