SBI Clerk Prelims 2021 English Language Questions (Day-29)

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Reading comprehension

Directions (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the following questions.

The leaders of the Quad—which includes India, Australia, Japan and the US—will hold their first summit on Friday to decide on specific areas of cooperation to boost post-pandemic recovery and maritime security across the Indo-Pacific. Here’s a closer look at the summit and what’s on the agenda. The genesis of the Quad is a “core group” that was formed by the four countries in 2004 to coordinate their response to the Indian Ocean tsunami after India emerged as the first responder. After several meetings of senior officials, the grouping was sidelined by 2007, largely because of the concerns of the US and Australia about its impact on their relations with China.

With the emergence of the Indo-Pacific as a key strategic region and a growing convergence between the four countries on key challenges in the region, the Quad was revived as a loose grouping in 2017 at the level of senior officials. As India’s comfort levels grew and all four countries faced challenges from an increasingly assertive China, the Quad was upgraded to the level of foreign ministers in September 2019. The Quad has never even issued a joint statement after any of its meetings, reflecting the slightly ambiguous nature of the grouping. So, for the leaders of the four countries to come together for a summit less than two months after US President Joe Biden assumed office is a big deal.

India sees the Quad Summit as an opportunity for evolution because the grouping didn’t traditionally have definite areas of cooperation and restricted itself to discussing principles and shared strategic approaches. For India, the summit will help build on crucial partnerships to address challenges across the Indo-Pacific, which is home to some of New Delhi’s key partners. The Quad leaders, in addition to discussing regional and global issues of shared interest and practical cooperation to ensure a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific, will exchange views on post-Covid-19 recovery, resilient supply and production chains, and cooperation on emerging and critical technologies, maritime security, and climate change.

There is also, as former ambassador Rajiv Bhatia, distinguished fellow for foreign policy studies at Gateway House, puts it, the unstated part of the agenda —the challenge posed by an assertive and aggressive China or the “dragon in the room”.


1)
Which among the following can sum up the opinion of the author regarding the Quad Summit?

A.The author is of the opinion that the topic has not included the finer details and specific areas of cooperation of theSummit.

B.The author has not taken into account the details of the macro factors of the Quad Summit before going into the details.

C.The author does not know how to yield to boost post-pandemic recovery and maritime security across the Indo-Pacific.

D.The author is optimistic regarding certain aspects whereas he has lauded the crucial partnerships to address challenges across the Indo-Pacific, which is home to some of New Delhi’s key partners.

E.None of the above


2)
Which among the following is correct regardinggenesis of the Quad and its “core group”?

A.The author in his opinion is going to ensure that there is more public spending in the economy though it is not certain.

B.The author in his opinion is going to ensure that the needy sectors are focused properly without any kind of hassle.

C.The author in his opinion does not want to see that there is no public spending in the economy.

D.The author in his opinion does not want to invest but it wants the“core group” of the Quad to coordinate their response to the Indian Ocean tsunami after India emerged as the first responder.

E.The author in his opinion wants China to invest in areas it wants only and not in all the sectors of the economy.


3)
Which among the following is/are correct regarding Indo-Pacific as a key strategic region in Quad Summit?

I) The scheme will be implemented by the Government of Indiaa growing convergence between the four countries on key challenges in the region.

II) The author in his opinion remains hopeful as India’s comfort levels grew and all four countries faced challenges from an increasingly assertive China.

III) The author is very much hopeful regarding the Summit that it will do wonders for the country in the years to comeas Quad was upgraded to the level of foreign ministers.

A.both I and II

B.both II and III

C.both I and III

D.only I

E.only II


4)
Which among the following is/are correct regarding the reforms introduced inQuad Summit?

I) The Quad has never even issued a joint statement after any of its meetings, reflecting the slightly ambiguous nature of the grouping.

II) For the leaders of the four countries to come together for a summit less than two months after US President Joe Biden assumed office is a big deal.

III) In the previous five years, with the emergence of the Indo-Pacific as a key strategic region and a growing convergence between the four countries on key challenges in the region, the Quad was revived as a very strong grouping in 2017.

A.both I and II

B.both II and III

C.both I and III

D.only III

E.All I,II and III


5)
Which among the following will give us an idea regarding the disinvestment by the author, as described in the passage?

A.The Government is of the view that no privatization should be done in order to protect the interests of the people.

B.The Government is of the view that it should be noted without any conviction to pursue Quad Summit as a trial court opportunity for evolution.

C.India sees the Quad Summit as an opportunity for evolution because the grouping didn’t traditionally have definite areas of cooperation and restricted itself to discussing principles and shared strategic approaches.

D.The Government does not want to build on crucial partnerships to address challenges across the Indo-Pacific, which is home to some of New Delhi’s key partners.

E.None of the above


Reading comprehension

Directions (6-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the following questions.

While the entire episode may be seen as yet another internal dispute of the elite, it has created a crisis of credibility for the royal family — for charges of racism from within are hard to counter. The British monarchy has gone through its share of crises — from more personal controversies around Prince Charles and Princess Diana’s marriage to political challenges, including a republican strain which sees the institution as antiquated and out of line with the democratic spirit of modern times. But few episodes will do as much damage to the credibility of the monarchy as an institution as the interview of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, Harry and Megan Markle, who have walked away from the royal family to begin life anew in the United States (US).

In an interview with Oprah Winfrey, the couple made a series of charges against the royal family — the most damaging of which was MsMarkle’s disclosure that when they were about to have a child, members of the royal family had conversations about “how dark the skin might be when he is born”. Harry confirmed the conversation, expressing his shock — but made it clear subsequently that it was neither Queen Elizabeth nor Prince Philip who made the remark. MsMarkle also spoke about how there were times when she did not want to live anymore, and painted a picture of an apathetic and insensitive royal establishment.

While the entire episode may be seen as yet another internal dispute of the elite, it has created a crisis of credibility for the royal family — for charges of racism from within are hard to counter. It has led to a divide between allies on either side of the Atlantic, with the popular mood in the US firmly with the young couple while the mood in the United Kingdom remains more ambivalent. But at the core, the issue is about how the monarchy as an institution is increasingly losing its traditional, political, and now popular legitimacy.


6)
Which among the following can sum up the opinion of the author regarding the British Monarchy?

A.The author is of the opinion that the topic has not included the finer details of the British Monarchy.

B.The author has not taken into account the details of the macro factors of the British Monarchy before going into the details.

C.The author does not know how to yield to royal family without making it too obvious.

D.The author is optimistic regarding certain aspects whereas he has lauded the British monarchy in some other as well.

E.None of the above


7)
Which among the following is correct regarding British monarchy and its credibility?

A.The author in his opinion is going to ensure that it has created a crisis of credibility for the royal family.

B.The author in his opinion is going to ensure that from more political controversies around Prince Charles and Princess Diana’s marriage to personal challenges are being met.

C.The author in his opinion feels that few episodes may not be able to do  as much damage to the credibility of the monarchy.

D.The author in his opinion does not want to see a republican strain which sees the institution as antiquated and out of line with the democratic spirit of modern times.

E.The author in his opinion feels that no damage done to the Royal familyie; Duke and Duchess of Sussex, Harry and Megan Markle, who have walked away from the royal family.


8)
Which among the following is/are correct regarding the ‘Royal establishment’?

I) The author painted a picture of an emphatic and insensitive royal establishment.

II) Ms Markle’s disclosure that when they were about to have a child, “how dark the skin might be when he is born”?

III) The author is very much hopeful regarding MsMarkle who also spoke about how there were times when the couple wanted to live together and did not want to walk away from the royal family.

A.both I and II

B.both II and III

C.both I and III

D.only I

E.only II


9)
Which among the following is/are correct regarding theBritish monarchy and the entire episode as yet another internal dispute of the elite?

I) TheBritish monarchy and the entire episode as another internal dispute of the elite has created a crisis of credibility for the royal family.

II) TheBritish monarchy with its entire episode as another internal dispute of the elite, created a crisis of trust worthiness for the royal family.

III) It has led to a divide between United Kingdom on either side of the Atlantic, with the popular mood in the US firmly with the young as well as the old couple.

A.both I and II

B.both II and III

C.both I and III

D.only III

E.All I,II and III


10)
Which among the following will give us an idea regarding thecharges of racism within the royal family?

A.The British monarchy is of the view that charges of racism from within are not a very hard to counter and should be done in order to protect the interests of the people.

B.The British monarchy is of the view that it should be noted without any conviction that the charges of racism from the political challenges are not very hard to counter to pursue any such move.

C.The British monarchy is ready to relax norms as well in order to make sure that it should be noted without any conviction that the charges of racism from within and the political challenges are very hard to counter to pursue any such move.

D.The British monarchy wants to divide United Kingdom on either side of the Atlantic and US firmly with the young as well as the old couple.

E.None of the above

Answers :

1) Answer: D

In the given passage it can be seen that the author is appreciating some of the proposals of the Quad Summit since it has brought about changes in the ecosystem of the country whereas the rest are not clear in terms of implementation guidelines and the execution of the same. The author is not sure whether the government will be able to execute these things at all. Among the given options, we can see that Option D gives us the correct choice whereas others can be eliminated because of the fact that they do not follow from the passage.

Therefore option D is the correct answer choice to this question.


2) Answer: D

It is clear from the passage that the author in his opinion has decided to stay away because of the concerns of the US and Australia about its impact on their relations with China.US and Australia is expected to be a part of the growth story of the Summit and that is why the US government has also set an ambitious growth target but has not stepped up from the public spending because Quad was revived as a loose grouping in 2017 at the level of senior officials. Among the given options we can see that Option D is our pick whereas the rest can be eliminated for the fact that they are not correct as per the information given in the passage.

Therefore option D is the correct answer choice to this question.


3) Answer: E

Refer to, “The genesis of the Quad is a “core group” that was formed by the four countries in 2004 to coordinate their response to the Indian Ocean tsunami after India emerged as the first responder”.

Statement I is not correct since it is not mentioned how the scheme is going to be rolled out in the country to “coordinate their response to the Indian Ocean tsunami after India emerged as the first responder”. The author has also mentioned that the execution part of the said response is not clear at all and that is why he is not at all expectant regarding the said scheme.

Statement II is correct since after several meetings of senior officials, the grouping was sidelined by 2007, largely because of the concerns of the US and Australia about its impact on their relations with China.As India’s comfort levels grew and all four countries faced challenges from an increasingly assertive China, the Quad was upgraded to the level of foreign ministers in September 2019.

Statement III is not correct for the fact that the author is not at all hopeful regarding India’s comfort levels growing and all the four countries faced challenges from an increasingly assertive China, the Quad was upgraded to the level of foreign ministers in September 2019 a very short time to judge the progress of the Summit.

Therefore option E is the correct answer choice to this question.


4) Answer: A

Statement I is correct since it is mentioned in the passage that the Quad has never even issued a joint statement after any of its meetings, reflecting the slightly ambiguous nature of the grouping. Therefore the sector is going to get a boost since for the leaders of the four countries to come together for a summit less than two months after US President Joe Biden assumed office is not something less. Refer to, “So, for the leaders of the four countries to come together for a summit less than two months after US President Joe Biden assumed office is a big deal”.

Statement II is also correct for the fact that the leaders of the four countries to come together for a summit less than two months…….

Statement III is not correct since there is no reference in the passage that “In the previous five years, with the emergence of the Indo-Pacific as a key strategic region and a growing convergence between the four countries on key challenges in the region, the Quad was revived as a very strong grouping in 2017”.

Therefore option A is the correct answer choice to this question.


5) Answer: C

Refer to, “For India, the summit will help build on crucial partnerships to address challenges across the Indo-Pacific, which is home to some of New Delhi’s key partners”.

It is clear that the Government is going to give a push to the privatization of the economy by selling stake in various public sector companies of the country. It is even ready to relax norms for the same “Quad Summit as an opportunity for evolution”. Among the given options, we can see that Option C gives us the correct choice whereas the rest are incorrect for being out of context.

Therefore option C is the correct answer choice to this question.


6) Answer: D

In the given passage it can be seen that the author is appreciating some of the proposals of the British monarchy since it has brought about changes in the democratic spirit of the country whereas the rest are not clear in terms of implementation guidelines and the execution of the same. The author is not sure whether the British monarchy will be able to execute these things at all. Among the given options, we can see that Option D gives us the correct choice whereas others can be eliminated because of the fact that they do not follow from the passage.

Therefore option D is the correct answer choice to this question.


7) Answer: D

It is clear from the passage that the author in his opinion has decided to form more personal controversies around Prince Charles and Princess Diana’s marriage to political challenges, including a republican strain which sees the institution as antiquated and out of line with the democratic spirit of modern times. The royal family is expected to be a part of the growth story of the monarchy and that is why the royal family has also set an ambitious growth target but has not stepped up the charges of racism from within which are hard to counter. Among the given options we can see that Option D is our pick whereas the rest can be eliminated for the fact that they are not correct as per the information given in the passage.

Therefore option D is the correct answer choice to this question.


8) Answer: E

Refer to, “Harry confirmed the conversation, expressing his shock — but made it clear subsequently that it was neither Queen Elizabeth nor Prince Philip who made the remark. MsMarkle also spoke about how there were times when she did not want to live anymore, and painted a picture of an apathetic and insensitive royal establishment.”

Statement I is not correct since it is not mentioned how MsMarkle spoke about the times when she did not want to live anymore, and painted a picture of an apathetic and insensitive royal establishment. The author has also mentioned that in an interview with Oprah Winfrey, the couple made a series of charges against the royal family.

Statement II is correct since in an interview with Oprah Winfrey, the couple made a series of charges against the royal family — the most damaging of which was MsMarkle’s disclosure that when they were about to have a child, members of the royal family had conversations about “how dark the skin might be when he is born” and painted a picture of an apathetic and insensitive royal establishment.

Statement III is not correct for the fact that the author was not at all hopeful regarding MsMarkle who also spoke about how there were times when the couple wanted to live together and did wanted to walk away from the royal family.

Therefore option E is the correct answer choice to this question.


9) Answer: A

Statement I is correct since it is mentioned in the passage that “While the entire episode may be seen as yet another internal dispute of the elite, it has created a crisis of credibility for the royal family — for charges of racism from within are hard to counter. The British monarchy has gone through its share of crises — from more personal controversies around Prince Charles and Princess Diana’s marriage to political challenges, including a republican strain which sees the institution as antiquated and out of line with the democratic spirit of modern times.”

Statement II is also correct for the fact that the entire episode may be seen as yet another internal dispute of the elite which has created a crisis of credibility or trust worthiness  for the royal family — for charges of racism, from within that are hard to counter.

Statement III is not correct since there is no reference in the passage regarding, divide between United Kingdom on either side of the Atlantic and US firmly with the young as well as the old couple. So it cannot be termed as correct.

Therefore option A is the correct answer choice to this question.


10) Answer: C

Refer to, “It has led to a divide between allies on either side of the Atlantic, with the popular mood in the US firmly with the young couple while the mood in the United Kingdom remains more ambivalent and monarchy as an institution is increasingly losing its traditional, political, and now popular legitimacy.”

It is clear that the British monarchy is going to give a push to the monarchy as “an institution which is increasingly losing its traditional, political, and now popular legitimacy.” It is even ready to correct any such conversation, expressing any shock — and made it clear subsequently that it was neither Queen Elizabeth nor Prince Philip who made such remark “how dark the skin might be when he is born”. Among the given options, we can see that Option C gives us the correct choice whereas the rest are incorrect for being out of context.

Therefore option C is the correct answer choice to this question.

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