Standard Reasoning Questions with Explanation for SBI Clerk 2018 | Day-7

Dear Readers, SBI Clerk Notification has been released and Banking Aspirants were already started there preparation to crack it. As we know, Reasoning Section is getting harder day by day, additional focusing is required to increase your score in Reasoning, we IBPS Guide Team will always play a vital role in Nurturing Your Success.

To Pay Special Attention in Reasoning Questions and Answers Here we have provided the Standard Reasoning Questions and Answers for you. Practice these questions regularly to improve your Reasoning Ability. Here have also provided a Special Ebook “Become A Master in Reasoning Ability” Make use of it.

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Direction (1-5): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.

Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting in a straight line and facing north. Their ages are i.e. 18, 23, 25, 26, 30, 34, 37 and 40, not necessarily in the same order.

Note: Their heights are different and in decreasing order from the left end to right end i.e. It means the one who is at the left end is the tallest and the one who is at the right end is the shortest person.

G is 3rd tallest and youngest in the group. E is 2nd to the left of H. E is not neighbor of G. Only one person is taller to B. Only two persons are elder to A. Two persons are sitting between A and D. D is taller to A but not neighbor of G. The difference of age between A and C is 8 years. H is taller to F but shorter to C. The number of persons is sitting between C and the one who is 25 years old is same as E and the one who is 40 years old. H is not the eldest person. H is elder to A. The one who is shortest in the group is 30 years old.

  1. Who among the following is the tallest person in the group?
  1. A
  2. C
  3. D
  4. B
  5. H
  1. How many persons are elder to H?
  1. 0
  2. 1
  3. 2
  4. 3
  5. 4
  1. Who among the following is 26 years old?
  1. C
  2. A
  3. D
  4. E
  5. H
  1. Which of the following is TRUE?
  1. E is the tallest person
  2. Only two persons are younger to C
  3. Three persons are sitting between B and E
  4. F is 30 years old
  5. E is neighbor of B
  1. Who among the following is 3rd to the left of A?
  1. G
  2. B
  3. D
  4. H
  5. F

Direction (6-10): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: young 19 audio 48 13 swift drink 57 future 37 words 16

Step I: future young 19 audio 48 swift drink 57 37 words 16 131

Step II: young future 19 audio 48 swift drink 57 37 words 131 162

Step III: drink young future audio 48 swift 57 37 words 131 162 193

Step IV: audio drink young future 48 swift 57 words 131 162 193 374

Step V: words audio drink young future swift 57 131 162 193 374 485

Step VI: swift words audio drink young future 131 162 193 374 485 576

Step VI is the last step of the above input, as the desired arrangement is obtained.

As per the rule followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Input: official 34 10 sweet 62 play song 45 music 27 series 17

  1. What is the difference between the number which is 2nd from the right end and 3rd from the right end in step IV?
  1. 105
  2. 111
  3. 101
  4. 117
  5. 114
  1. Which of the following element is 5th from the left end in the step III?
  1. “sweet”
  2. “34”
  3. “62”
  4. “music”
  5. “official”
  1. How many elements are between “music” and “17” in the last but one step?
  1. 0
  2. 1
  3. 2
  4. 3
  5. 4
  1. What is the position of “series” in step II?
  1. 3rd from the left end
  2. 3rd from the right end
  3. 5th from the right end
  4. 5th from the left end
  5. 6th from the left end
  1. In which of the following step “sweet 62 play” are not in that particular order?
  1. Step I
  2. Step III
  3. Step IV
  4. Step V
  5. Step II

Explanations

Direction (1-5)

G is 3rd tallest and youngest in the group. It means G is 3rd from the left end and 18 years old.

Person G
Age 18
Height 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

E is 2nd to the left of H. E is not neighbor of G. So H is either 7th tallest or 8th tallest. H is taller to F but shorter to C. It means H cannot be shortest So H is 2nd shortest and F is shortest and the one who is shortest in the group is 30 years old then F is 30 years old.

Person G E H F
Age 18 30
Height 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

 

Only one person is taller to B. So B is at 2nd tallest. Two persons are sitting between A and D. D is taller to A but not neighbor of G. It means D is left of A because D is taller to A. Then D must be tallest and A is immediate right of G. Now C is 3rd shortest.

Person D B G A E C H F
Age 18 30
Height 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Only two persons are elder to A. So A is 34 years old. The difference of age between A and C is 8 years. So C is 26 years old. The number of persons is sitting between C and the one who is 25 years old is same as E and the one who is 40 years old. . H is not the eldest person. It means D is 40 years old and B is 25 years old. H is elder to A so H is 37 years old and E is 23 years old.

Here is the final arrangement:

Person D B G A E C H F
Age 40 25 18 34 23 26 37 30
Height 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

 

  1. Answer: C

D is the tallest person.

Hence, option C.

  1. Answer: B

Only one person is elder to H.

Hence, option B.

  1. Answer: A

C is 26 years old.

Hence, option A.

  1. Answer: D

F is 30 years old.

Hence, option D.

  1. Answer: C

D is 3rd to the left of A.

Hence, option C.

Direction (6-10)

In each step, one word and one number is arranged.

Words are arranging according to their last letter in increasing order according to alphabetical series. Then this pattern will continue.

e.g. Official= “l” is the smallest letter in alphabetical series so that word will be at the left end.

 

Numbers are arranging smallest to largest number at the right end.

E.g. = “10” is smallest then “1” is add to the end of that number so “101”

“17” is 2nd smallest then “2” is add to the end of that number so “172”.

 

Input: official 34 10 sweet 62 play song 45 music 27 series 17

Step I: music official 34 sweet 62 play song 45 27 series 17 101

Step II: song music official 34 sweet 62 play 45 27 series 101 172

Step III: official song music 34 sweet 62 play 45 series 101 172 273

Step IV: series official song music sweet 62 play 45 101 172 273 344

Step V: sweet series official song music 62 play 101 172 273 344 455

Step VI: play sweet series official song music 101 172 273 344 455 626 

  1. Answer: C

Step IV: series official song music sweet 62 play 45 101 172 273 344

=273-172=101

Hence, option C.

  1. Answer: A

Step III: official song music 34 sweet 62 play 45 series 101 172 273

Hence, Option A.

  1. Answer: D

Step V: sweet series official song music 62 play 101 172 273 344 455

Hence, option D.

  1. Answer: B

Step II: song music official 34 sweet 62 play 45 27 series 101 172

Hence, option B.

  1. Answer: D

In step V, “sweet 62 play” are not in that order.

Hence, option D.

 

 

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