SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practicing these vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Preeminence (Noun) – श्रेष्टता
Definition: the fact of surpassing all others; superiority.
Synonyms: superiority, supremacy, greatness, excellence, distinction, prominence, predominance, eminence, peerlessness
Antonyms: incapability, week, inferior.
Usage: the Edinburgh Festival maintains its pre-eminence because of the quality of its programming
2). Pervasive (Adjective) – व्यापक
Definition: (especially of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people.
Synonyms: prevalent, penetrating, pervading, permeating, extensive, ubiquitous, omnipresent, present everywhere, rife
Antonyms: secrete, scare, rare, uncommon.
Usage: ageism is pervasive and entrenched in our society
3). Salvage (Verb) – उबार करना
Definition: rescue (a wrecked or disabled ship or its cargo) from loss at sea.
Synonyms: save, protect, recover, reclaim.
Antonyms: loss, endanger, harm, hurt.
Usage: an emerald and gold cross were salvaged from the wreck
4). Stringent (Adjective) – कड़ी से कड़ी
Definition: (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting.
Synonyms: strict, firm, rigid, rigorous, severe, harsh, tough, tight, exacting, demanding, inflexible, stiff
Antonyms: flexible, gentle, kind, facile.
Usage: stringent guidelines on air pollution
5). Alleged (Verb) – कथित तौर पर
Definition: said, without proof, to have taken place or to have a specified illegal or undesirable quality.
Synonyms: supposed, so-called, claimed, professed, purported, ostensible, apparent, putative
Antonyms: certain, sure, definite.
Usage: the alleged conspirators
6). Embezzlement (Noun) – ग़बन
Definition: theft or misappropriation of funds placed in one’s trust or belonging to one’s employer.
Synonyms: misappropriation, theft, stealing, robbing, robbery, thieving, pilfering
Antonyms: return, reimbursement.
Usage: charges of fraud and embezzlement
7). Dented (Verb) – कम होना
Definition: have an adverse effect on; diminish.
Synonyms: diminish, reduce, lessen, shrink, weaken, erode, undermine, sap, shake, break, crush, cripple
Antonyms: fill, flush, bulge.
Usage: this neither deterred him nor dented his enthusiasm
8). Sermons (Noun) – उपदेश
Definition: a long or tedious piece of admonition or reproof; a lecture.
Synonyms: lecture, tirade, harangue, diatribe
Antonyms: commendation, pat on the back
Usage: he understood that if he said any more he would have to listen to another lengthy sermon
9). Appetite (Noun) – भूख
Definition: a strong desire or liking for something.
Synonyms: craving, longing, yearning, hankering, hunger, thirst, passion, relish
Antonyms: hate, dislike, antipathy.
Usage: her appetite for life
10). Paradigm (Noun) – मिसाल
Definition: a set of linguistic items that form mutually exclusive choices in particular syntactic roles.
Synonyms: pattern, type, order.
Antonyms: random, mingled
Usage: English determiners form a paradigm: we can say ‘a book’ or ‘his book’ but not ‘a his book
11). Ostensibly (Adverb) – प्रत्यक्ष तौर पर
Definition: as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; apparently.
Synonyms: apparently, seemingly, on the face of it, to all appearances, on the surface, to all intents and purposes
Antonyms: improper, unlike, obscurely.
Usage: the party secretary resigned, ostensibly from ill health