SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
- Punitive (adjective) — दंडात्मक
Definition: inflicting or intended as punishment
Synonyms: penal, disciplinary, corrective, correctional, retributive
Antonyms: unpunished, let off, released, not charged
Usage: He called for punitive measures against the Eastern bloc
- Relent (verb) – परित्याग करना
Definition: abandon or mitigate
Synonyms: change one’s mind, do a U-turn, back-pedal, back down, give way, give in
Antonyms: strengthen, worsen, harden, build up
Usage: she was going to refuse his request, but relented
- Reconcile (verb) — मेल-मिलाप कराना
Definition: restore friendly relations between.
Synonyms: friendly, come to agreement, end dispute, clear discord
Antonyms: argue, fight, disagree, dispute, discord
Usage: the king and the archbishop were publicly reconciled
- Contingent (adjective) — आकस्मिक
Definition: subject to chance, dependent on.
Synonyms: chance, accidental, fortuitous, possible, unforeseen, unforeseeable, unexpected
Antonyms: intended, intentional, expected, planned
Usage: his fees were contingent on the success of his search
- Prudent (adjective) – विवेकी
Definition: acting with or showing care and thought for the future.
Synonyms: wise, well judged, judicious, sagacious, sage, shrewd, advisable, well advised, politic
Antonyms: imprudent, dumb, unintelligent, ill-advised, not advisable
Usage: no prudent money manager would authorize a loan without first knowing its purpose
- Formative (adjective) — निर्माणात्मक
Definition: serving to form something, especially having a profound influence on a person’s development.
Synonyms: developmental, developing, growing, mouldable, malleable, impressionable
Antonyms: constant, stubborn, not impressionable, adult
Usage: Developmental delays are to be corrected in the formative years of a child’s growth to help them overcome it.
- Pioneer (noun) — प्रथम अन्वेषक
Definition: a person who is the first to do, use or explore something
Synonyms: develop, introduce, evolve, start, begin, launch, instigate, initiate, put in place, take the initiative in
Antonyms: follower, one of many, repeat, continue
Usage: the technique was pioneered by a Swiss doctor in the 1930s
- Detention (noun) — नजरबंदी
Definition: the action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody/ punishment of being kept in school after working hours.
Synonyms: custody, imprisonment, confinement, incarceration, internment, captivity, restraint
Antonyms: free, not detained, not restrained, not confined, given freedom, released
Usage: the fifteen people arrested were still in police detention
- Ensure (verb) — सुनिश्चित करना
Definition: make certain that (something) will occur or be the case.
Synonyms: safeguard, protect, guard, shield, shelter, fortify, make invulnerable
Antonyms: uncertain, vulnerable, unprotected, unsafe
Usage: The legislation is to ensure equal opportunities to all citizens.
- Tinker (verb) — सुधार करने की कोशिश करना
Definition: attempt to repair or improve something in a casual or desultory way.
Synonyms: try to mend/improve, work amateurishly on, fiddle with, play (about/around) with, toy with, trifle with, dally with
Antonyms: leave alone, not fiddle with, not interfere, break, dismantle
Usage: He spent hours tinkering with the air conditioning system trying to get it to work again.