SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Discretion (Noun) — विवेक
Definition: the freedom to decide what should be done in a particular situation.
Synonyms: choice, option, judgement, preference, disposition, volition
Antonyms: indiscretion, rashness
Usage: local authorities should use their discretion in setting the charges
2). Oppression (Noun) – ज़ुल्म,उत्पीड़न
Definition: prolonged cruel or unjust treatment or exercise of authority.
Synonyms: persecution, abuse, maltreatment, ill treatment, tyranny, despotism, repression, suppression
Antonyms: freedom, democracy
Usage: a region shattered by oppression and killing
3). Prosecuting (Verb) — पर मुकदमा चलाना
Definition: institute or conduct legal proceedings against (a person or organization).
Synonyms: pursuit, achievement, performance, undertaking.
Antonyms: defeat, failure, neglect.
Usage: they were prosecuted for obstructing the highway
4). Allegation (Noun) — अभिकथन
Definition: a claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof.
Synonyms: claim, assertion, declaration, statement, proclamation, contention,
argument, affirmation, averment
Antonyms: exculpation, denial.
Usage: he made allegations of corruption against the administration
5). Tampering (Verb) – हस्तक्षेप करना
Definition: interfere with (something) in order to cause damage or make unauthorized alterations.
Synonyms: interfere, monkey around, meddle, tinker, fiddle (about/around), fool
Antonyms: leave, separate.
Usage: someone tampered with the brakes of my car
6). Cavalier (Adjective) – उदासीन या अपमानजनक
Definition: showing a lack of proper concern; offhand.
Synonyms: offhand, indifferent, casual, dismissive, insouciant, uninterested,
Antonyms: thoughtful, considerate, attentive, caring, understanding, sympathetic, solicitous
Usage: Anne was irritated by his cavalier attitude
7). Prosecutorial (Adjective) — अभियोजन
Definition: relating to the institution and conducting of legal proceedings against someone in respect of a criminal charge.
Synonyms: agent, inspector, analyst.
Usage: the government’s prosecutorial powers against suspected terrorists
8). Trumping (Verb) — तुस्र्प लगाना
Definition: surpass (something) by saying or doing something better.
Synonyms: outshine, outclass, upstage, put in the shade, eclipse, surpass
Antonyms: bad fortune, loss, disapproval.
Usage: if the fetus is human life, that trumps any argument about the freedom of the mother
9). Detrimental (Adjective) — हानिकारक
Definition: tending to cause harm.
Synonyms: harmful, damaging, injurious, hurtful, inimical, deleterious, dangerous, destructive, ruinous
Antonyms: benign, beneficial
Usage: recent policies have been detrimental to the interests of many old people
10). Catastrophe (Noun) – आपदा
Definition: an event causing great and usually sudden damage or suffering; a disaster.
Synonyms: disaster, calamity, cataclysm, crisis, holocaust, ruin, ruination, tragedy, blow, shock
Antonyms: salvation, godsend
Usage: an environmental catastrophe