The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – Day 130

Dear Readers, Here we have given The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary helpful for Upcoming Bank PO, SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practicing this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it.

 

1)  rudimentary (noun) – अल्पविकसित

Meaning: Involving or limited to basic principles; Relating to an immature,

undeveloped, or basic form; Not thorough or detailed

Synonyms: basic, elementary, incomplete, cursory, inadequate

Antonyms: developed, evolved, secondary, subordinate

Usage:  This is the most rudimentary form of what is known as the ‘social contract

theory’.

 

2) grail (verb) – निरर्थकता, उद्देश्यहीनता, निराशा

Meaning: an aim or end result that a person is trying to achieve; a passionate

aspiration or ambition

Synonyms: futility, purposelessness, hopelessness goal, aim, objective, mission,

resolution

Antonyms: aversion, disinclination, dread

Usage: Unquestioned obedience is the holy grail of every autocrat.

 

3) expounded (verb) – व्याख्या करना

Meaning: To have expressed in greater detail; o express one’s opinions in a pompous

and dogmatic way;

Synonyms; pontificated, preached, proposed, submitted, developed, elaborated,

embellished

Antonyms– condensed, summed up, abbreviated, obscured, complicated

Usage: Modern society and modern governments also use the social contract theory to

claim legitimacy for their actions, but rely more on the theory as expounded by

Hobbes and Rousseau.

 

4) brutish (verb) – पाशविक

Meaning: t Pertaining to, or having the form, nature or habits of, a beast or animal;

Horrifyingly wicked; heedless

Synonyms: bestial, beastly, feral, animalistic, atrocious, barbaric

Antonyms: humane, kind, nice, attentive, aware, boorish, savage, uncultivated

Usage: While Hobbes believed that man, in Nature, was “solitary, nasty and brutish”,

for Rousseau, man, in Nature was “born free”.

 

5) bare (noun) – अनाच्छादित

Meaning: the appropriate or usual contents; Deficient in something needed or usual;

Unquestionable or indisputable

Synonyms:  absent, abstracted, indisputable, genuine, incontrovertible

Antonyms: covered, dressed, furnished filled

Usage:  The novel corona virus pandemic has laid bare the falsity of this image.

 

6) brunt (noun) – प्रभाव, परिणाम

Meaning: The majority of consequences or negative results of a thing or event; A

forceful collision of two things;

Synonyms: impact, consequence, influence, force, pressure, shock

Antonyms: ease, peace, relaxation

Usage: We are not sharing the brunt of the pandemic with the poorest of India, the

voiceless millions.

 

7) pedantic (noun) – निपुण, सटीक

Meaning:  academic in manner, often in an annoying or boring way; Excessively

concerned with minor details or rules; Inclined to express negative or disapproving

comments; Boring or severely lacking in interest

Synonyms: overscrupulous, precise, exact, academic, didactic, bookish, critical,

censorious, condemnatory

Antonyms: uncritical, easy-going

Usage: it will be pedantic to point out to them that though starving they are free”.

 

8) imbues (Adj) – आवेग, आसव

Meaning:  To wet or stain an object completely with some physical quality; To spread

through, causing a gradual change; To teach with a biased, one-sided or uncritical

ideology

Synonyms: inculcate, infuse, saturate

Antonyms: indoctrinate drain, take out, neglect, abort

Usage:  The social contract which imbues a centralised sovereign with overreaching

powers has clearly failed on this occasion,

 

9) predate (noun) – उचित समय से पूर्व तिथि डालना

Meaning: To designate a date earlier than the actual one

Synonyms: antecede, forego, antedate

Antonyms: follow, postdate, succeed

Usage:  The academic and political debates in India on unemployment, which is widely

attributed to jobless growth amidst stagnation in the agricultural and manufacturing

sectors, predate the pandemic.

 

10) aloof (Adj) – अलग, दूरस्थ

Meaning: unsociable and unfriendly; slow to reveal emotion or opinions; showing

contempt or lack of respect Having an exaggerated perception of one’s positive qualities

Synonyms: detached, distant, remote, swellheaded, conceited,  unsociable and

unfriendly

Antonyms: friendly, warm, sociable

Usage; Testing levels are very low in Bihar, and Mr. Kumar has remained aloof.

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