The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – Day 144


1) fitful (verb) –

Meaning: Irregular and unsteady, characterized by fits: Not regular, consistent, or equal

Synonyms: broken, spasmodic, intermittent, sporadic, disturbed, Not regular, consistent, or equal

Antonyms: constant, regular, steady

Usage : Rahul  Gandhi’s  fitful  detours  into politics continue to excite his opponents  and  supporters


2) obtuse (verb) –

Meaning: Annoyingly insensitive or slow to understand; Insensitive to criticism or insults

Synonyms: stupid, dull, slow, dense insensitive, tough, unfeeling,

Antonyms: bright, clever, astute, keen, pronged

Usage: An expert argument that the Gandhi‘s are the sole reason for the absence of a viable non BJP politics is obtuse.


3) muffle (adj) –

Meaning: wrap or cover for warmth.

Synonyms: swathe,  swaddle, enfold, envelop

Antonyms: uncover, open

Usage: If the dynasty is so bereft of ideas and following, as it is said to be, how can it muffle anyone.


4) formidable  (verb) –

Meaning: Inspiring fear or awe through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable; Greatness of amount; Very serious or gloomy in expression or demeanor

Synonyms: enormousness, hugeness, intimidating, terrifying, dreadful, alarming forbidding, grim, fierce, stern, ferocious

Antonyms: comforting, cheering, encouraging, bad, incompetent, inept,

Usage: What  are  those who cannot walk over a withered dynasty worth in taking on the BJP and its  formidable  leader  Narendra  Modi


5) preordained  (verb) –

Meaning: Determined in advance; Involving divine foresight or providence

Synonyms: fated, predetermined, destined, doomed, providential, divine

Antonyms: avoidable, preventable, evadable, evitable

Usage: An aspiring re­bel trapped in the body and privilege of  a  preordained  dynast,  Mr.  Gandhi’s  infectious  confusions  have  disoriented  his  opponents,  supporters and observers alike


6) strident (verb) –

Meaning: Loud and harsh; Showing strong feeling; forceful, passionate, or intense; Interfering or meddling in the affairs of others

Synonyms: vehement, ardent, fervent, intense, raucous, discordant, screeching obtrusive, officious, presumptuous

Antonyms: soft, dulcet, gentle harmonious, quiet, inaudible

Usage:  If  Mr.  Modi  remains  as  or  more  popular  than  he was  in  2014,  the  only  explanation could be the strident cultural agenda that  he  has  delivered  on


7) laurels (adj) –

Meaning: Public acknowledgment or admiration; Positive outcome from the achievement of one’s goals

Synonyms: praise, acclaim, accolades, awards, success, prosperity, affluence

Antonyms: blame, criticism, disapproval, misfortune, sadness

Usage: He bears the cross for all the sins of his forebears but gets no laurels for their contributions.


8) whining (verb) –

Meaning: having or showing an irritable disposition; Disposed to complaining, especially in a petulant or whining manner; a long, high-pitched unpleasant sound: Complaining excessively

Synonyms: complaining, grouchy, grumbling, moaning

Antonyms: friendly, amiable, kind, agreeable

Usage: The challenge to his authority within the party can be tackled  only  through  attaining that strength, not by whining about the  old  guard.


7) emaciation (verb) –

Meaning: The act of making very lean

Synonyms: attenuation, thinness, gauntness, haggardness

Antonyms: obesity, plumpness, grossness, fleshiness

Usage: as the Gandhis are res­ponsible for the emaciation of opposition politics in India


9) perch (verb) –

Meaning: To come to rest after a descent from above

Synonyms: alight, land, settle, sit

Antonyms: ascend, climb, mount

Usage: the moral perch of Indian politicsis  occupied  by  his  primary  opponent


10) detours (verb) –

Meaning: an alternative route for use by traffic when the usual road is temporarily closed; an appendix to a book, document or periodical

Synonyms: avoidance, excursuses, deviations, departure

Antonyms: constant, regular, straight

Usage: Rahul  Gandhi’s  fitful  detours  into politics continue to excite his opponents  and  supporters


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