The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – Day 175

Dear Readers, Here we have given The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary helpful for Upcoming Bank PO, SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practicing this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it.

1) Wrangling (noun) —

Meaning: engagement in a long, complicated dispute or argument.

Synonyms: altercation, argle-bargle, argument, argy-bargy

Antonyms: agreement, calm, harmony

Usage: “weeks of political wrangling”

It is at the roadside vendor’s that they energetically launch themselves into some tough wrangling.

 

2) Chasm (noun) —

Meaning: a deep fissure in the earth’s surface.

Synonyms: gorge, abyss, canyon, ravine, gully

Antonyms: closing, closure

Usage: “a chasm a mile long”

 

3) Lurk (verb)–

Meaning: be or remain hidden so as to wait in ambush for someone or something.

Synonyms: hide, skulk, lie, repose, crouch

Antonyms: come out, materialize, show up

Usage: “a ruthless killer still lurked in the darkness”

(Ambush  – a surprise attack by people lying in wait in a concealed position.)

Repose – The state of being calm and composed

Crouch – To act in a submissive manner

Skulk – To move stealthily or furtively; To be hiding, waiting to ambush or attack someone

Loiter – Children and youth loiter around during the daytime because they have nothing else to do)

 

4) Overture (noun)–

Meaning: an orchestral piece at the beginning of an opera, play, etc./an introduction to something more substantial.

Synonyms: prelude, introduction, opening

Antonyms: conclusion, ending, epilogue

Usage: “the talks were no more than an overture to a long debate”

 

5) Rump (noun) –

Meaning: a small or unimportant remnant of something originally larger.

Synonyms: remainder, remaining part/number

Antonyms: front

Usage: “once the profitable enterprises have been sold the unprofitable rump will be left”

 

6) Gambit (noun) —

Meaning: an act or remark that is calculated to gain an advantage, especially at the outset of a situation.

Synonyms: stratagem, machination, scheme

Antonyms: frankness, honesty

Usage: “his resignation was a tactical gambit”

(Stratagem – A tactic or artifice designed to gain the upper hand

It was a clever stratagem for defeating the tax proposals without incurring the popular odium for doing so.)

 

7) Rupture (verb) –

Meaning: (especially of a pipe or container, or bodily part such as an organ or  membrane) break or burst suddenly.

Synonyms: break, fracture, crack

Antonyms: union, uniting, healing, fusion

Usage: “if the main artery ruptures he could die”

 

8) Galvanized (verb)–

Meaning: shock or excite (someone) into taking action.

Synonyms: jolt, shock, startle, impel, stir, spur, prod

Antonyms: demotivate

Usage: “the urgency of his voice galvanized them into action”

 

9) Spike(noun) —

Meaning: a thin, pointed piece of metal, wood, or another rigid material.

Synonyms: prong, barb, point, skewer

Antonyms: burn out, debilitate, do in, drain

Usage: “the oil price spike

 

10) Gauntlet (noun) —

Meaning: a severe trial / a glove worn with medieval armor to protect the hand / a dress glove extending above the wrist

Synonyms: challenge

Antonyms: accept

Usage: ran the gauntlet of criticism and censure

Be exposed to danger, criticism, or other adversity, as in After he was misquoted in the interview, he knew he would have to run the gauntlet of his colleagues’ anger.

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