Dear Readers, Here we have given The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary helpful for Upcoming Bank PO, SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practicing this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it.
1) Wrangling (noun) —
Meaning: engagement in a long, complicated dispute or argument.
Synonyms: altercation, argle-bargle, argument, argy-bargy
Antonyms: agreement, calm, harmony
Usage: “weeks of political wrangling”
It is at the roadside vendor’s that they energetically launch themselves into some tough wrangling.
2) Chasm (noun) —
Meaning: a deep fissure in the earth’s surface.
Synonyms: gorge, abyss, canyon, ravine, gully
Antonyms: closing, closure
Usage: “a chasm a mile long”
3) Lurk (verb)–
Meaning: be or remain hidden so as to wait in ambush for someone or something.
Synonyms: hide, skulk, lie, repose, crouch
Antonyms: come out, materialize, show up
Usage: “a ruthless killer still lurked in the darkness”
(Ambush – a surprise attack by people lying in wait in a concealed position.)
Repose – The state of being calm and composed
Crouch – To act in a submissive manner
Skulk – To move stealthily or furtively; To be hiding, waiting to ambush or attack someone
Loiter – Children and youth loiter around during the daytime because they have nothing else to do)
4) Overture (noun)–
Meaning: an orchestral piece at the beginning of an opera, play, etc./an introduction to something more substantial.
Synonyms: prelude, introduction, opening
Antonyms: conclusion, ending, epilogue
Usage: “the talks were no more than an overture to a long debate”
5) Rump (noun) –
Meaning: a small or unimportant remnant of something originally larger.
Synonyms: remainder, remaining part/number
Usage: “once the profitable enterprises have been sold the unprofitable rump will be left”
6) Gambit (noun) —
Meaning: an act or remark that is calculated to gain an advantage, especially at the outset of a situation.
Synonyms: stratagem, machination, scheme
Antonyms: frankness, honesty
Usage: “his resignation was a tactical gambit”
(Stratagem – A tactic or artifice designed to gain the upper hand
It was a clever stratagem for defeating the tax proposals without incurring the popular odium for doing so.)
7) Rupture (verb) –
Meaning: (especially of a pipe or container, or bodily part such as an organ or membrane) break or burst suddenly.
Synonyms: break, fracture, crack
Antonyms: union, uniting, healing, fusion
Usage: “if the main artery ruptures he could die”
8) Galvanized (verb)–
Meaning: shock or excite (someone) into taking action.
Synonyms: jolt, shock, startle, impel, stir, spur, prod
Usage: “the urgency of his voice galvanized them into action”
9) Spike(noun) —
Meaning: a thin, pointed piece of metal, wood, or another rigid material.
Synonyms: prong, barb, point, skewer
Antonyms: burn out, debilitate, do in, drain
Usage: “the oil price spike”
10) Gauntlet (noun) —
Meaning: a severe trial / a glove worn with medieval armor to protect the hand / a dress glove extending above the wrist
Usage: ran the gauntlet of criticism and censure
Be exposed to danger, criticism, or other adversity, as in After he was misquoted in the interview, he knew he would have to run the gauntlet of his colleagues’ anger.