SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Averting (Verb) — टालना
Definition: turn away (one’s eyes or thoughts).
Synonyms: turn aside, turn away, turn to one side
Antonyms: aid, allow, assist.
Usage: she averted her eyes while we made stilted conversation
2). Scrap (Noun) — रद्दी माल
Definition: a small piece or amount of something, especially one that is left over after the greater part has been used.
Synonyms: fragment, piece, bit, offcut, oddment, snippet, snip, tatter, wisp, shred,
Antonyms: keep, preserve
Usage: I scribbled her address on a scrap of paper
3). Tweaks (Verb) – कुछ मोड़ना या खींचना
Definition: twist or pull (something) sharply.
Synonyms: pull sharply, twist, tug, pinch, nip, twitch, squeeze, jerk
Antonyms: straighten, align
Usage: he tweaked the boy’s ear
4). Intended (Adjective) — अभिप्रेत
Definition: planned or meant.
Synonyms: deliberate, intentional, calculated, conscious, done on purpose, planned, considered
Antonyms: accidental, sudden, unknown.
Usage: the intended victim escaped
5). Lobbies (Verb) — प्रभाव डालना
Definition: seek to influence (a legislator) on an issue.
Synonyms: seek to influence, try to persuade, bring pressure to bear on, importune, persuade, influence
Usage: they insist on their right to lobby Congress
6). Congenial (Adjective) – अनुकूल
Definition: (of a thing) pleasant or agreeable because suited to one’s taste or inclination.
Synonyms: pleasant, pleasing, to one’s liking, agreeable, enjoyable, pleasurable, nice, appealing, engaging
Antonyms: disagreeable, incompatible
Usage: he went back to a climate more congenial to his cold stony soul
7). Emboldened (Verb) — प्रोत्साहित करना
Definition: give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something.
Synonyms: give courage, make brave/braver, encourage, hearten, strengthen, fortify
Antonyms: dishearten, discourage
Usage: emboldened by the claret, he pressed his knee against hers
8). Merchandise (Noun) — वाणिज्य पण्य
Definition: goods to be bought and sold.
Synonyms: goods, wares, stock, commodities, lines, produce, product, solutions
Usage: shops which offered an astonishing range of merchandise
9). Murky (Adjective) — अंधेरा और धुंधला
Definition: dark and gloomy, especially due to thick mist.
Synonyms: dark, gloomy, grey, leaden, dull, dim, overcast, cloudy, clouded, sunless, foggy, misty
Antonyms: bright, sunny
Usage: the sky was murky and a thin drizzle was falling
10). Discordant (Adjective) — असहमति में
Definition: disagreeing or incongruous.
Synonyms: in disagreement, at variance, at odds, disagreeing, differing, divergent, discrepant, contradictory
Antonyms: in agreement, harmonious, compatible
Usage: the operative principle of democracy is a balance of discordant qualities
11). Tainted (Verb) – दूषित होना
Definition: affect with a bad or undesirable quality.
Synonyms:tarnish, sully, blacken, stain, besmirch, smear, blot, blemish, stigmatize, mar, corrupt, defile, soi
Antonyms: clean, pure.
Usage: his administration was tainted by scandal
12). Mantle (Noun) — आच्छादित
Definition: an important role or responsibility that passes from one person to another.
Synonyms: role, burden, onus, duty, responsibility, function, position, capacity, task
Antonyms: entertainment, fun, pastime.
Usage: the second son has now assumed his father’s mantle