SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1) Wilderness (Noun) – जंगल
Definition: An uncultivated, uninhabited, and inhospitable region.
Synonyms: Jungle, Desert, Bundu, Uninhabited region
Antonyms: City, Metropolis
Usage: For a party that had appeared to be lost in the political wilderness over the past few years.
2) Fright (Noun) – भय
Definition: A sudden intense feeling of fear.
Synonyms: Perturbation, Nervousness, Apprehension
Antonyms: Aplomb, Assurance, Boldness, Confidence
Usage: Indian voters give Narendra Modi’s BJP a fright.
3) Fearsome (Adjective) – डरावना
Definition: Frightening, especially in appearance.
Synonyms: Frightening, Horrifying, Terrifying, Menacing
Antonyms: Calming, Comforting, Consoling, Inviting
Usage: Tough results for the ruling party in state elections foretell a fearsome battle for national power next year
4) Scads (Noun) – बहुतात
Definition: A large number or quantity.
Synonyms: Lots, Scores, Jilion
Usage: Modi’s brand of aggressive Hindu nationalism plays well, the BJP lost scads of seats.
5) Punters (Noun) — जुआरी
Definition: A person who gambles, places a bet, or makes a risky investment
Synonyms: Gambler, Backer, Staker, Speculator
Antonyms: Broker, Merchant, Seller, Vendor
Usage: Madhya Pradesh kept punters breathless throughout the counting, with neither of the two big parties securing a majority, but Congress ahead.
6) Moribund (Adjective) – गिरावट
Definition: (of a thing) in terminal decline; lacking vitality or vigour.
Synonyms: Declining, Obsolescent
Usage: A big step forward for a party that seemed totally moribund only a year ago.
7) Grumbled (Verb) – शिकायत करना
Definition: Complain about something in a bad-tempered way.
Synonyms: Complain, Moan, Groan, Whine, Mutter
Antonyms: Compliment, Praise
Usage: Many members had grumbled about the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
8) Spur (Verb) – प्रेरणा देना
Definition: Give an incentive or encouragement to (someone).
Synonyms: Stimulate, Motivating, Galvanize, inspire
Antonyms: Disincentive, Discouragement
Usage: The promise of economic reforms aimed at spurring development brought the hope, in 2014.
9) Antiquated (Adjective) — प्राचीन
Definition: Old-fashioned or outdated.
Synonyms: Outdated, Out of date, Outmoded
Antonyms: Current, Modern, Up to date
Usage: Some of Mr Modi’s many efforts deserve applause, notably the reform of India’s antiquated bankruptcy law.
10) Rattle (Verb) – खड़खड़ करना
Definition: Make or cause to make a rapid succession of short, sharp knocking sounds
Synonyms: Clatter, Bang, Clang, Clank, Clink
Antonyms: Quiet, Silence, Silentness, Still, Stillness
Usage: Mr Modi’s party is rattled, and can be expected to adjust its strategy defensively.