Standard Reasoning Questions with Explanation for SBI Clerk 2018 | Day-5

Dear Readers, SBI Clerk Notification has been released and Banking Aspirants were already started there preparation to crack it. As we know, Reasoning Section is getting harder day by day, additional focusing is required to increase your score in Reasoning, we IBPS Guide Team will always play a vital role in Nurturing Your Success.

To Pay Special Attention in Reasoning Questions and Answers Here we have provided the Standard Reasoning Questions and Answers for you. Practice these questions regularly to improve your Reasoning Ability. Here have also provided a Special Ebook “Become A Master in Reasoning Ability” Make use of it.

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Direction (1-5): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.

There are two squares i.e. Inner square and outer square and they placed like that inner square is covered by outer square. In each square four persons are sitting at four corners. All the persons whom are sitting in inner square is facing outside and all the persons whom are sitting in outer square is facing inside so all the persons who are sitting in outer square are facing the ones whom are sitting in inner square. The persons are i.e. A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H.

Note: All the persons whom are sitting in inner square bought odd number items and all the persons whom are sitting in outer square bought even number items.

E bought 23 items. H is facing F who bought 13 items less than H. The sum of the number of items bought by A and B together is 28. One person sits between G and H. G is not neighbor of E. The one who faces C is 2nd to the right of B. C bought 14 items. C is not facing E. A bought 3 items less than C. D is immediate left of the one who bought 26 items. H didn’t buy 26 items. H bought 6 more items than G. D bought 1 item less than F.

  1. Who among the following bought highest number of items?
  1. H
  2. D
  3. F
  4. A
  5. E
  1. Who among the following doesn’t belong to the group?
  1. H
  2. F
  3. C
  4. D
  5. G
  1. Who among the following faces E?
  1. C
  2. A
  3. B
  4. D
  5. G
  1. Which of the following combination is correct?
  1. F-18 items
  2. A-11 items
  3. G-32 items
  4. B-19 items
  5. C-17 items
  1. Who among is immediate left of the one who faces A?
  1. G
  2. F
  3. H
  4. B
  5. D

Direction (6-10): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.

If all the Vowels in the alphabets are excluded and rest of Consonants as coded as follows i.e., B as 1, C as 2, D as 3…… upto K as 8. Then from L as 1, M as 2,…. upto T as 8. Again V as 1, …… upto Z.

Conditions:

  1. If the word begins with consonants and ends with vowels then all the letters will be written in reverse order.
  2. If the word begins and ends with consonants then 2nd letter of the word is coded as “#”.
  3. If the word begins and ends with vowels then all the vowels in the word is coded as “%”.
  4. If two same vowels or consonants follow one another then both are coded as “$$”.
  1. What will be the code of “symbol”?
  1. 7#12O1
  2. 1#721O1
  3. 7#212O
  4. 7#21O1
  5. 5#21O2
  1. What will be the code of “home”?
  1. E2O5
  2. E2O6
  3. 6O21
  4. 2146
  5. O2E6
  1. What will be the code of “chart picture”?
  1. 26A68, E6U82I4
  2. 2#A68, E6U82I4
  3. 4#A68, 56U82I4
  4. 2#168, E6U8234
  5. 2#1A8, E658234
  1. What will be the code of “inside”?
  1. %37%3%
  2. %33%3%
  3. #37%3%
  4. %73%3%
  5. %37%7%
  1. What will be the code of “addiction”?
  1. A$$IC8IO3
  2. A$$128IO3
  3. A$$I28IO3
  4. 2$$I28IO3
  5. A$$I28213

Explanations 

We labeled the corners from 1 to 8. The persons whom are at position of 1 to 4 are  facing outside and 5 to 8 are facing inside.

E bought 23 items so E is sitting in inner square then E is sitting at 1st position. H is facing F who bought 13 items less than H. One person sits between G and H. G is not neighbor of E. Now it is confirmed that H and G are in outer square. So H can be sit at 6th, 7th and 8th position.

Case 1: If H is at 6th position :

Then F is at 2nd position and G is at 8th position. C bought 14 items. So C is in outer square. C is not facing E then C is at 7th position.

The one who faces C is 2nd to the right of B. So the one who is at 3rd position is 2nd to the right of B then B must be at 1st position but E is there so this case gets rejected.

Case 2: If H is at 8th position :

Then F is at 4th position and G is at 6th position. C bought 14 items. So C is in outer square. C is not facing E then C is at 7th position.

The one who faces C is 2nd to the right of B. So the one who is at 3rd position is 2nd to the right of B then B must be at 1st position but E is there so this case gets rejected.

Case 3: If H is at 7th position :

Then F is at 3rd position and G is at 5th position. C bought 14 items. So C is in outer square. So C can be at 6th and 8th position.

A bought 3 items less than C. Then A bought 11 items at must be in inner square. The sum of the number of items bought by A and B together is 28 then B bought (28-11)=17 items.

If C at 6th position, then B is at 4th position and D is at 8th position.

D is immediate left of the one who bought 26 items. H didn’t buy 26 items but from this cannot be possible so that is not possible.

 If C at 8th position, then B is at 2nd position and D is at 6th position and A is at 4th position. D is immediate left of the one who bought 26 items so G bought 26 items. H bought 6 more items than G then H bought 32 items. F bought 13 items less than H then F bought 19 items. D bought 1 item less than F then D bought 18 items.

Here is the final arrangement:

  1. Answer: A

H bought highest items.

Hence, option A.

  1. Answer: B

All the persons are in outer square except F.

Hence, option B.

  1. Answer: E

G is facing E.

Hence, option E.

  1. Answer: B

A bought 11 items.

Hence, option B.

  1. Answer: A

C is faces A and G is immediate left of C.

Hence, option A.

Direction (6-10)

B=1, C=2, D=3, F=4, G=5, H=6, J=7, K=8
L=1, M=2, N=3, P=4, Q=5, R=6, S=7, T=8
V=1, W=2, X=3, Y=4, Z=5

  1. Answer: D

From condition II,

Symbol→ S#mbol→7#21O1

Hence, option D.

  1. Answer: B

From condition I,

home→emoh→E2O6

hence, option B.

  1. Answer: B

From condition II,

chart→2#A68

From condition I,

picture→ERUTCIP→E6U82I4

hence, option B.

  1. Answer: A

From condition III,

inside→%ns%de→%37%3%

hence, option A.

  1. Answer: C

From condition IV,

addiction→ A$$I28IO3

hence, option C.

 

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