SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
- Grappling (verb) – संघर्ष करना
Definition: engage in a close fight or struggle without weapons; wrestle.
Synonyms: wrestle, struggle, tussle; brawl, fight, scuffle, clash, combat, battle; close, engage
Antonyms: hug, play, ignore, leave alone, not interfere, not involved, onlooker
Usage: he threw himself forward and grappled with him
- Punitive (adjective) — दंडात्मक
Definition: inflicting or intended as punishment.
Synonyms: penal, disciplinary, corrective, correctional, retributive; in retaliation, in reprisal
Antonyms: free, liberal, general, wide-ranging, broad, humanistic
Usage: he called for punitive measures against the Eastern bloc
- Bilateral (adjective) — द्विपक्षीय
Definition: having or relating to two sides; affecting both sides.
Synonyms: two-sided, double, simultaneous, together, jointly
Antonyms: unilateral, single sided, singular, independent, separate
Usage: the bilateral agreements with Japan are being discussed.
- Incarceration (noun) – कारावास
Definition: the state of being confined in prison; imprisonment.
Synonyms: imprisonment, internment, confinement, detention, custody, captivity, restraint
Antonyms: free, at liberty, unconfined, unbound, untied, unrestrained, unshackled, unfettered
Usage: the public would not be served by her incarceration
- Debilitate (adjective) — दुर्बल करना
Definition: making someone very weak and infirm.
Synonyms: weaken, enfeeble, incapacitate, enervate, tire, exhaust
Antonyms: strengthen, support, invigorate, regenerate
Usage: The party suffered a debilitating blow when the criminal charges against the prty leader was made public.
- Prospect (noun) — पूर्वेक्षण
Definition: the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring.
Synonyms: likelihood, hope, expectation, anticipation, (good/poor) chance, chances, odds, probability, possibility, likeliness, promise
Antonyms: unexpected, unplanned, sudden, not anticipated, surprising, impossible
Usage: there was no prospect of a reconciliation
- vulnerable (adjective) — भेद्य
Definition: exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.
Synonyms: in danger, in peril, in jeopardy, at risk, endangered, unsafe, unprotected, ill-protected
Antonyms: safe, strong, protected, shielded, sheltered, armoured
Usage: The scheme will help charities working with vulnerable adults and young people
- Momentum (noun) — संवेग
Definition: the impetus and driving force gained by the development of a process or course of events.
Synonyms: impetus, energy, force, power, strength, drive, thrust, push, driving power, steam, impulse, speed, velocity
Antonyms: constant, unchanging, inert, slow, lack of power, weak
Usage: the vehicle gained momentum as the road dipped
- Insurgent (noun) — विद्रोही
Definition: a person fighting against a government or invading force; a rebel or revolutionary.
Synonyms: rebel, revolutionary, revolutionist, mutineer, agitator, subversive, guerrilla, anarchist, terrorist
Antonyms: law-abiding, obedient, supporter, defender, votary
Usage: there was an attack by armed insurgents
- Deter (verb) — हतोत्साह करना
Definition: discourage (someone) from doing something by instilling doubt or fear of the consequences.
Synonyms: put off, discourage, dissuade, scare off; warn, caution; dishearten, demoralize, daunt
Antonyms: persuade, encourage, support, convince, lead, motivate, induce
Usage: only a health problem would deter him from seeking re-election