“20-20” English Question | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 Day-9

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“20-20” English Questions | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 (Day-9)

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Direction (Q 1-5): In given sentences phrase is represented in bold which may be incorrect so you have to find the correct phrase in place of that if the phrase is correct in the given sentences than mark no correction required as your answer.

1) In the absence of stakeholders at the local body level, recoverable resources embedded in discarded materials were lost due to dumping.

A)Have lost due to dumping

B)Losing due to dumping

C)Are lost due to dumping.

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.

2) Heavy rains this year from the south west monsoon and accompanied floods have devastated people’s lives in parts of Mumbai, Chandigarh and Mount Abu (Rajasthan), all in the same period as Hurricane Harvey’s rampage through Houston.

A)Accompany floods

B)Accompanying floods

C)Accompanying flood

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.

3) When it rains heavily, exceeding the capacity of the soil to absorb it and regular stream flows are blocked from proceeding into the sea, these heavily built-up areas gets inundated.

A)Get inundated

B)Getting inundated

C)Gets inundating

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.

4) Studies of infrastructure have long recognized that the way infrastructures assemble and evolve also create path dependencies that newer advances will inherit and built upon.

A)Building upon

B)Build upon

C)Build on

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.

5)Telecom Authority of  India (TRAI) to pilot public open WiFi hotspots through a nationwide model of  pay as you go public data offices (PDOs) is a concerted bid in make cheap, fast, and reliable Internet affordable and accessible.

A)To make

B)Is making

C)Have made

  1. only A
  2. only B
  3. Only C
  4. A & B
  5. No correction required.

Directions (Q. 6-10): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (e).

  1. Government has granted (a)/us permission to hold yoga(b) /camps on their land and has also (c)/allowed us to promote yoga. (d)/ No Error(e)

7.Tonight, the people of Georgia’s sixth district overwhelmingly voted not (a)/only for Karen, but also for President Trump’s agenda for (b)/replacing our broken health care system, (c)/ reforming an outdated tax code, and prioritizing infrastructure investment. (d)/ No Error(e)

8.Her win marked an impressive rebound from polling that(a)/ showed her narrowly trailing her rival as the vote approached, (b)/ and signal that Republican disillusionment about (c)/Mr. Trump was not as deep as Democrats were counting on. (d)/ No Error(e)

  1. The result comes as relief for Republicans, who had grown concerned about (a)/whether their party, buffeted by the scandals that have plagued the (b)/Republican President, could hold the seat in Georgia’s sixth district, (c) /which became the most expensive congressional race of U.S. history. (d)/ No Error(e)
  2. Republican Karen Handel won a closely watched special congressional (a)/ election on Tuesday, salvaging a seat in the (b)/traditionally conservative Georgia where Democrats has(c)/ hoped to strike a blow against Donald Trump’s presidency. (d)/ No Error (e)

Directions (Q. 11-20): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.

Every year, the sun irradiates the land masses on earth with the equivalent of 19,000 billion tons of oil equivalent (toe). Only a fraction — 9 billion toe — would satisfy the world’s current energy requirements. Put differently, in 20 minutes, the amount of solar energy falling on the earth could power the planet for one year. Every hour the sun beams onto Earth more than enough energy to satisfy global energy needs for an entire year. Solar energy is the technology used to harness the sun’s energy and make it useable. Today, the technology produces less than one tenth of one percent of global energy demand. All energy originates with the sun except for nuclear, geothermal and tidal energy. Solar energy comes to us as high intensity radiation (light energy). As it falls on the earth, it is transformed into heat by any surface or material — be it the atmosphere, soil, buildings, or even the furniture in front of a window. This heat also drives the world’s weather systems including wind, rain and river flow. Through photosynthesis, plants also turn solar energy into new growth. Many people are familiar with so-called photovoltaic cells, or solar panels, found on things like spacecraft, rooftops, and handheld calculators. The cells are made of semiconductor materials like those found in computer chips. When sunlight hits the cells, it knocks electrons loose from their atoms. As the electrons flow through the cell, they generate electricity. Photo-voltaic were initially, and still are, used to power small and medium-sized applications, from the calculator powered by a single solar cell to off-grid homes powered by a photovoltaic array. They are an important and relatively inexpensive source of electrical energy where grid power is inconvenient, unreasonably expensive to connect, or simply unavailable. However, as the cost of solar electricity is falling, solar power is also increasingly being used even in grid-connected situations as a way to feed low-carbon energy into the grid. On a much larger scale, solar thermal power plants employ various techniques to concentrate the sun’s energy as a heat source. The heat is then used to boil water to drive a steam turbine that generates electricity in much the same fashion as coal and nuclear power plants, supplying electricity for thousands of people. In one technique, long troughs of Ushaped mirrors focus sunlight on a pipe of oil that runs through the middle. The hot oil then boils water for electricity generation. Another technique uses movable mirrors to focus the sun’s rays on a collector tower, where a receiver sits. Molten salt flowing through the receiver is heated to run a generator. Other solar technologies are passive. For example, big windows placed on the sunny side of a building allow sunlight to heat-absorbent materials on the floor and walls. These surfaces then release the heat at night to keep the building warm. Similarly, absorbent plates on a roof can heat liquid in tubes that supply a house with hot water. Solar energy is lauded as an inexhaustible fuel source that is pollution and often noise free. The technology is also versatile. For example, solar cells generate energy for far-out places like satellites in Earth orbit and cabins deep in the Rocky Mountains as easily as they can power downtown buildings and futuristic cars. But solar energy doesn’t work at night without a storage device such as a battery, and cloudy weather can make the technology unreliable during the day. Solar technologies are also very expensive and require a lot of land area to collect the sun’s energy at rates useful to lots of people. Despite the drawbacks, solar energy use has surged at about 20 percent a year over the past 15 years, thanks to rapidly falling prices and gains in efficiency. Japan, Germany, and the United States are major markets for solar cells. With tax incentives, solar electricity can often pay for itself in five to ten years.

11).Solar panel is also known as-

  1. Sources of solar energy
  2. Rooftops
  3. Photovoltaic
  4. None
  5. None of these

12).Which is more expensive source of electrical energy?

  1. Grid power
  2. Photovoltaic cells
  3. Generator
  4. Solar cells
  5. None of these

13).Which of the following is not a Source of Energy?

  1. Solar thermal power plants
  2. Nuclear power plants
  3. Coal
  4. Molten Salt
  5. None of these

14). What’s main short coming of Solar Energy?

  1. It’s a unreliable source of energy
  2. It doesn’t work at night without a storage
  3. It is a limited source of energy
  4. All of the above
  5. None of these

15).Which of the following is true in the context of the given passage?

  1. Photovoltaic systems use no fuel
  2. Indian government has announced various financial incentives to encourage the use of Solar power
  3. Solar power is not competitive with fossil fuels in India
  4. Solar power plant generated are utilised for commercial use only
  5. None of these

16).Which of the following is the most SIMILAR word of Molten?

  1. Glowing
  2. Igneous
  3. Melted
  4. Docile
  5. Active

17).Which of the following is the most OPPOSITE word of passive?

  1. Lifeless
  2. Geared
  3. Colourful
  4. Important
  5. Active

18).Which of the following word is the most OPPOSITE word of Inexhaustible?

  1. Finite
  2. Endless
  3. Unlimited
  4. Calculable
  5. Revere

19).Which of the following word is the most SIMILAR word of LAUDED?

  1. Glorified
  2. Praised
  3. Planted
  4. Concerned
  5. Alived

20).Which of the following is FALSE in the context of the given passage?

  1. It brings you an array of solutions from standalone rooftop solar panels for homes and small businesses.
  2. Solar energy is the endless energy which is received from the sun
  3. Solar system is a cost-effective
  4. All of the above
  5. None of these

Answers:

Direction (Q 1-5):

1) Correct Answer is: c

The correct answer is ‘are lost due to dumping’ because it is present tense sentence.

2) Correct Answer is: b

The correct answer will be ‘accompanying floods’.

3)  Correct Answer is: a

The sentence is in present simple tense, so the correct form of verb to be used will be ‘get’ and right answer will be ‘get inundated’.

4)  Correct Answer is: b

The correct answer will be ‘build upon’.

5)Correct Answer is: c

The correct preposition in the phrase will be ‘to’, so the right answer will be ‘to make’.

Directions (Q. 6-10):

  1. Correct Answer is: c

Their will not be used for government.(camps on its land and has also)

  1. Correct Answer is: b

Correct preposition is of.(only for Karen, but also for President Trump’s agenda of)

  1. Correct Answer is: c

Past from of the verb will be used according to sentence.(and signalled that Republican disillusionment about)

  1. Correct Answer is: d

Correct preposition is in.(which became the most expensive congressional race in U.S. history.)

  1. Correct Answer is: c

According to the tense of the sentence had will be used.(traditionally conservative Georgia where Democrats had)

Direction (11-20)

11)Answer: c

12) Answer: a

13) Answer: e

14) Answer: a

15) Answer: e

16) Answer: c

17) Answer: e

18) Answer: a

19) Answer: b

20) Answer: e

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